Disease history tarkov


2013.07.11 01:43 morbidhistorymod MorbidHistory

This is a community intended for the study of morbid history, or history of morbidity. This involves death, violence, suffering and cruelty related to events such as war, genocide, crime, disaster, accident and disease.

2011.09.07 16:18 josephwdye Archiveteam - We Are Going to Rescue Your Shit !

Archive Team is a loose collective of rogue archivists, programmers, writers and loudmouths dedicated to saving our digital heritage. Since 2009 this variant force of nature has caught wind of shutdowns, shutoffs, mergers, and plain old deletions - and done our best to save the history before it's lost forever.

2012.11.14 10:26 Gillianfn Melanoma

Ask for advice regarding your changing / concerning mole. To reduce your risk of skin cancer, it's important to check your moles regularly.

2023.03.25 08:10 ibdermat Diploma Course in Anti Aging

Diploma Course in Anti Aging
This course is intended for skilled professionals and is geared toward medical experts. It dives deep into the technical practice. The Anti Aging aesthetics program mainly covers the basic physics behind the way Anti Aging work and presents some of their most important applications in vivid detail. This course begins with an overview of the qualities, and interactions between anti-aging tissues, history, and safety precautions in clinical cosmetology. Each chapter contains a different treatment protocol for several diseases.

Diploma Course in Anti Aging
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2023.03.25 08:01 MK_ULTR411 Does anyone know what mental health condition this sounds like?

Since I was 15 almost a year, all the way through 16, and now 17 typing this. I’ve had issues with being CONVINCED that something was wrong with me constantly. Doesn’t matter if it was with my physical health, mental health, or whatever.. but I would always look into some kind of disease or mental disorder online, and would immediately start showing signs or symptoms that was apart of that sickness or mental illness. It first started when I noticed I had some brain fog at 15, one day I noticed that I was a lot more groggy and forgetful then usual and started realizing that I felt like I was becoming more and more stupid. I thought this might have been dementia, so then I started only having the brain fog on one side of my head or around my neck and went to the hospital, talked to them, they said it sounded like a pitched nerve and explained to me that this wasn’t likely a brain tumour and that tumours were a lot more painful, but when I got home I started complaining of headaches and pain. This lead to a long series constant and expensive of ambulance trips, hospital trips, doctor trips and medical trips for different bumps and hard objects that I felt in my nose, under my legs, in my nipples or whatever. Skip a bunch of pointless stories like this, and I started thinking I had lung cancer or something, for weeks I complained about an inability to breathe or get oxygen into my lungs, chest pain, and even though I was visiting medical professionals and hospitals almost every time of the week my oxygen, blood tests, X-rays, EKG’s and CT scans always came back 100% positive. I’m not gonna go into every single story like this, but all you should know is that symptoms like this carried on for the ENTIRETY of my 16th year, and that there was a-lot of stories like this about a huge variety of multiple diseases, lumps, rashes, moles, and a lot of other things. (You can see some of this in my post history, If you wanna look more into it)
Now I’m currently experiencing something pretty similar, but this time it’s with my mental health.. I don’t remember the exact order that these “fixations” occurred, but I know what the 3 most prominent focuses are. The first one is the idea that I might be a sociopath or psychopath, or may have some kind of personality disorder. I’ve considered and pondered this before in the past, this started to become a fixation when I realized that I was a relatively unemotional, unempathic person who didn’t really feel a lot of genuine emotion, this caused me to go down into a spiral where similarly to my physical health disorder I started showing and exhibiting symptoms that were common with this, I started having homicidal thoughts and urges and began to feel less then before, I started remembering things from my past that seemed like red flags like bullying people or doing bad things to animals even though It wasn’t consistent and I still showed empathy and emotions in my young and it genuinely felt like for awhile that I might have been what I could have been something wrong, I blame this callous and unemotional feelings to the medication I was on, sertraline, putting me into a psychopathic state. And my most recent fixation has been something that I consider a lot worse.. I don’t wanna mention exactly what it is, but I am almost convinced that I might possibly be this thing I’m afraid of being. Even though it could line of perfectly with my track record, I feel like I’m in denial about this though.. and that I could just be using my track record as an excuse to ignore that I actually am this “thing”, I don’t think I wanna be this.. and I’ve started looking into the possibilities that this could be caused by masturbation addiction and porn addiction, but I don’t know..
If this really is all just anxiety, I feel like this is all apart of a single mental problem or disorder. I’ve heard on other accounts that this sounds like OCD, and my dad says this could all be apart of my already diagnosed “Health Anxiety Disorder” but I don’t know if it works like that. This feels like something else, while on one hand i’m worried but also kinda believe that I might be what I’m afraid I am, I can’t deny that i’ve been convinced that I had a brain tumour or had lung problems or something like that. I can’t deny that this very much could be apart of that problem, but I don’t know what this problem could be. This doesn’t seem to me to fit the criteria for OCD, but I don’t know what other mental health conditions that this could be.. does anyone know what this could be? Has anyone ever heard of a mental (or medical) disorder that can mimic the symptoms of and convince the victim that they are what they fixate on? I still feel like I feel anxiety sometimes, and I feel like I don’t want to be what I’m afraid of or wanna be anything I thought I was. Even when I thought I was a psychopath I remember moments where I got slightly choked up when I talked to my dad about how I thought about how I thought I was never gonna feel love or anything, and remember getting choked up some other times before that. I don’t know if this could be caused by some unresolved trauma from my past or maybe that this is just OCD.
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2023.03.25 08:00 delphiccarrot Left chest tightness after starting Armodafinil

I am 23 years old and healthy, with no family history of heart disease, and I was taking Armodafinil for ~2 months(50-100 mg 5 days/week).
I noticed that I had left chest pain/ discomfort like someone was squeezing my heart, which was getting more intense, and I was super nervous about it.
That being said, I decided to stop it, and eventually, the pain went away after a month. So, after two months "clean" I decided to try 50 mg of Modafinil to see how I feel, and the pain came back again and lasted for at least 4 days. Every time I worry that I fucked my heart, the pain comes back, so I think that it's probably just my anxiety, since when I'm distracted I feel alright. However, usually, I can't focus on anything, so I end up worrying 24/7 that I have heart disease.
Anyone else with a similar experience
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2023.03.25 07:33 genesissupplies From Ashes to Sparkling: The Fascinating History of Cleaning Detergents

From Ashes to Sparkling: The Fascinating History of Cleaning Detergents
From Ashes to Sparkling: The Fascinating History of Cleaning Detergents
Cleanliness is a crucial aspect of human life, and over the centuries, people have developed various ways to keep themselves and their surroundings clean. One of the most significant inventions in this regard is detergents. Today, we can access multiple detergents that help us keep our clothes, dishes, and homes clean. But have you ever wondered how people managed to clean their clothes and residences before the advent of modern detergents? This article will look at the world of ancient cleaning detergents. We'll explore the different types of cleaning agents used by our ancestors, from ashes to suds, and learn how these early detergents helped keep people and their surroundings clean. So, please sit back, relax, and join us on this journey through time as we delve into the world of ancient cleaning detergents.

The Earliest Cleaning Agents: Ashes and Sand

The earliest cleaning agents used by humans were ashes and sand. People used ashes in ancient times to clean their clothes, dishes, and homes. Ashes have a high alkaline content, which makes them effective in removing dirt and grease. People would collect wood ash, mix it with water, and use it to clean their clothes and dishes. Ash was also used to clean floors and walls.
The sand was another cleaning agent used by our ancestors. People would use sand to scrub clothes clean. The sand was also used to clean floors and walls. It was particularly useful in removing stubborn stains.
While ashes and sand were effective cleaning agents, they had their limitations. For instance, they were not suitable for use on delicate fabrics, and they could be abrasive on surfaces such as wood.

Roman Cleaning Detergents: Soapwort and Fuller's Earth

The Romans were known for their hygiene practices and developed several cleaning detergents. One of the detergents they used was Soapwort. Soapwort is a plant that has natural foaming properties. The Romans would collect Soapwort, crush it, and mix it with water to make a cleaning solution. This solution was used to clean clothes, dishes, and homes.
Fuller's Earth was another cleaning detergent used by the Romans. Fuller's Earth is a type of clay that can absorb oil and dirt. The Romans would mix Fuller's Earth with water to make a paste, which they then used to clean clothes. Fuller's Earth was particularly useful in removing stains.
The Romans' cleaning detergents were more effective than ashes and sand and were suitable for use on various surfaces. However, they were still less effective than modern detergents.

Egyptian Cleaning Detergents: Natron and Castor Oil

The Egyptians were also known for their hygiene practices, and they developed several cleaning detergents. One of the detergents they used was Natron. Natron is a naturally occurring mineral that has alkaline properties. The Egyptians would mix Natron with water to make a cleaning solution. This solution was used to clean clothes and dishes.
Castor oil was another cleaning detergent used by the Egyptians. Castor oil is a vegetable oil that has cleansing properties. The Egyptians would mix Castor oil with Natron to make a paste, which they then used to clean clothes. Castor oil was particularly useful in removing stains.
The Egyptians' cleaning detergents were more effective than the Romans, and they were suitable for use on various surfaces. However, they were still less effective than modern detergents.

Greek Cleaning Detergents: Lye and Olive Oil

The Greeks were also known for their hygiene practices, and they developed several cleaning detergents. One of the detergents they used was Lye. Lye is a caustic soda that can dissolve grease and dirt. The Greeks would mix Lye with water to make a cleaning solution. This solution was used to clean clothes, dishes, and homes.
Olive oil was another cleaning detergent used by the Greeks. Olive oil is a vegetable oil that has cleansing properties. The Greeks would mix Olive oil with Lye to make a paste, which they then used to clean clothes. Olive oil was particularly useful in removing stains.
The Greeks' cleaning detergents were more effective than the Egyptians, and they were suitable for use on various surfaces. However, they were still less effective than modern detergents.

Viking Cleaning Detergents: Birch Ash and Urine

The Vikings were known for their cleanliness and developed several cleaning detergents. One of the detergents they used was Birch Ash. Birch Ash is a type of ash that has a high alkaline content. The Vikings would mix Birch Ash with water to make a cleaning solution. This solution was used to clean clothes, dishes, and homes.
Urine was another cleaning detergent used by the Vikings. Urine is a natural source of ammonia, which has cleansing properties. The Vikings would collect urine and mix it with water to clean it. This solution was used to clean clothes.
The Vikings' cleaning detergents were effective, but they had their limitations. For instance, they were not suitable for use on delicate fabrics, and they could be abrasive on surfaces such as wood.

Chinese Cleaning Detergents: Rice Water and Tea Seed Powder

The Chinese were known for their hygiene practices and developed several cleaning detergents. One of the detergents they used was Rice Water. Rice Water is the water that is left over after washing rice. Rice Water has natural cleansing properties; the Chinese collect it and use it to clean their clothes.
Tea Seed Powder was another cleaning detergent used by the Chinese. Tea Seed Powder is made from the seeds of the tea plant, and it has cleansing properties. The Chinese would mix Tea Seed Powder with water for cleaning. This solution was used to clean clothes.
The Chinese cleaning detergents were effective, but they had their limitations. For instance, they were not suitable for use on delicate fabrics, and they could be abrasive on surfaces such as wood.

Native American Cleaning Detergents: Yucca and Amole

The Native Americans were known for their hygiene practices and developed several cleaning detergents. One of the detergents they used was Yucca. Yucca is a plant that has natural cleansing properties, and the Native Americans would collect it and use it to clean their clothes.
Amole was another cleaning detergent used by the Native Americans. Amole is made from the roots of the soap plant, and it has cleansing properties. The Native Americans would mix Amole with water to make a cleaning solution. This solution was used to clean clothes.
The Native Americans' cleaning detergents were effective, but they had their limitations. For instance, they were not suitable for use on delicate fabrics, and they could be abrasive on surfaces such as wood.

The Rise of Commercial Detergents: From the Middle Ages to the Industrial Revolution

The Middle Ages saw the rise of commercial detergents. Soapmaking became a popular occupation, and soap was produced in large quantities. The soap was made from animal fat and ashes and used to clean clothes, dishes, and homes.
The Industrial Revolution brought about significant changes in the soapmaking industry. Soap was produced on a larger scale, and new ingredients such as coconut oil and palm oil were used to make soap. The new elements made soap more effective, and it was suitable for use on a variety of surfaces.

The Impact of Detergents on Society and Hygiene

The advent of modern detergents has had a significant impact on society and hygiene. Detergents have made it easier and more convenient to keep our clothes, dishes, and homes clean. They have also helped to improve hygiene and prevent the spread of disease.
However, modern detergents also have their drawbacks. They contain chemicals that can be harmful to the environment and cause skin irritation and other health problems.

Eco-Friendly Cleaning Solutions Inspired by Ancient Methods

In recent years, there has been a growing interest in eco-friendly cleaning solutions. Many of these solutions are inspired by ancient cleaning methods. For instance, natural ingredients such as vinegar, baking soda, and lemon juice are used to make cleaning solutions.
Eco-friendly cleaning solutions are less harmful to the environment and can be just as effective as modern detergents. They are also less likely to cause skin irritation and other health problems.

Conclusion: The Importance of Cleanliness and the Role of Detergents in Our Lives

Cleanliness is essential to our well-being, and over the centuries, people have developed various ways to keep themselves and their surroundings clean. Our ancestors used different cleaning agents to maintain hygiene, from ashes to suds. Modern detergents have made it easier and more convenient to keep our clothes, dishes, and homes clean. However, they also have their drawbacks.
Eco-friendly cleaning solutions inspired by ancient methods offer a viable alternative to modern detergents. They are less harmful to the environment and can be just as effective. Regardless of our cleaning methods, the importance of cleanliness must be balanced. Cleanliness is essential to our health and well-being and should be a priority.
Welcome to Genesis Supplies, where you can find top-notch, environmentally friendly, and biodegradable cleaning products. We pride ourselves on being one of the leading distributors in North America and working with many eco-conscious cleaning product companies in the US and Canada. Our vast selection of cleaning supplies includes biodegradable items for restaurants, hotels, and offices. Rest assured that we have everything you need. Come and visit us today to get your hands on the best green cleaning supplies!
Source: https://www.genesissuppliesinc.ca/blog/1870-from-ashes-to-sparkling-the-fascinating-history-of-cleaning-detergents.html
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2023.03.25 07:29 ibdermat Diploma Course In Facial Fillers

Diploma Course In Facial Fillers
This course is intended for skilled professionals and is geared toward medical experts. It delves deeply into the technical practice.
The Facial Fillers aesthetics curriculum primarily discusses the fundamental physics underlying how Facial Fillers function and highlights some of their most significant applications in vivid detail. This course begins with an introduction to facial fillers’ qualities, history, and interactions with tissues as well as safety precautions. Each chapter contains a different treatment protocol for several diseases.
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2023.03.25 07:25 tonnie_taller Scientists extract DNA from 5 locks of hair and discovered Beethoven had hepatitis B infection

Using five locks of hair, scientists have sequenced the genome of one of history’s greatest musical composers – Ludwig van Beethoven – nearly two centuries after his death, gaining insight into his fatal liver disease but not his hearing loss. Researchers said on Wednesday his genome showed the German composer was both genetically predisposed to … Continue reading Scientists extract DNA from 5 locks of hair and discovered Beethoven had hepatitis B infection
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2023.03.25 06:28 Primary-Doughnut5917 Late night vibes

ight so we're evolved apes right? weve been in our current form for like 150,000 years, maybe 200k max right? so life first appeared maybe a billion years ago in bacterial form, 300 million years ago we had dinosaurs, and finally 300kish we had humans or what would soon become humans, with a prefrontal cortex and an evolved consciousness. so our actions are largely rooted in evolutionary mechanisms that all animals do to one extent or another. even the single celled organism has a built in impulse to reproduce.
 Accepting this premise as a given, let's talk about in group preference. The biological root of racism, to unconsciously tend towards the similar, we are attracted to like minds, we build relationships by discovering what we have in COMMON, unity. It is a built in trait to DISCRIMINATE, but explicit hatred and racism were built as conscious reasons to justify this behavior, which when viewed on its own is easily categorized. Building on these premises, and furthering our knowledge of what in group preference is, it is also the fear of outsiders, the fear of the unknown. The tendency towards what is known. This applies to all races, and even genders, and miniscule sects of races, all across history. 
Homosapiens fornicated, raped, and pillaged neanderthals because of largely biological supremacy. It's why men find comraderie amongst men, why women amongst women, why we developed gender roles, different places to congregate, the battlefield, the kitchen. The funniest thing happened in the world though. A tendency of in group preference is to associate outsiders with disease. "They come bearing the plague". A most curious thing to observe in the irrationality of human behavior is when those whose traits makes them more prone to new ideas, new people, new cultures, wanted to shut down the world to stop a disease.
Whatever rational we can use to explain this, it will not be undermined to me that this is a most curious thing. That the people that were tacitly more prone to in group preference, discrimination, and the like in their social views, cared far less about disease and outsiders in the current day than the inverse. From a biological perspective stopping the spread of a virus only delays the inevitable, and actually weakens the systems ability to fight it.
My final thesis; the world is a most curious place, and although the biological roots of our behavior are apparent in some ways, they remain a mystery in others, above all though, we are fortunate to live in a world where we can observe these FACTS, and not simply live their bloody incarnations.
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2023.03.25 06:26 Primary-Doughnut5917 Late night thoughts!

ight so we're evolved apes right? weve been in our current form for like 150,000 years, maybe 200k max right? so life first appeared maybe a billion years ago in bacterial form, 300 million years ago we had dinosaurs, and finally 300kish we had humans or what would soon become humans, with a prefrontal cortex and an evolved consciousness. so our actions are largely rooted in evolutionary mechanisms that all animals do to one extent or another. even the single celled organism has a built in impulse to reproduce.
 Accepting this premise as a given, let's talk about in group preference. The biological root of racism, to unconsciously tend towards the similar, we are attracted to like minds, we build relationships by discovering what we have in COMMON, unity. It is a built in trait to DISCRIMINATE, but explicit hatred and racism were built as conscious reasons to justify this behavior, which when viewed on its own is easily categorized. Building on these premises, and furthering our knowledge of what in group preference is, it is also the fear of outsiders, the fear of the unknown. The tendency towards what is known. This applies to all races, and even genders, and miniscule sects of races, all across history. 
Homosapiens fornicated, raped, and pillaged neanderthals because of largely biological supremacy. It's why men find comraderie amongst men, why women amongst women, why we developed gender roles, different places to congregate, the battlefield, the kitchen. The funniest thing happened in the world though. A tendency of in group preference is to associate outsiders with disease. "They come bearing the plague". A most curious thing to observe in the irrationality of human behavior is when those whose traits makes them more prone to new ideas, new people, new cultures, wanted to shut down the world to stop a disease.
Whatever rational we can use to explain this, it will not be undermined to me that this is a most curious thing. That the people that were tacitly more prone to in group preference, discrimination, and the like in their social views, cared far less about disease and outsiders in the current day than the inverse. From a biological perspective stopping the spread of a virus only delays the inevitable, and actually weakens the systems ability to fight it.
My final thesis; the world is a most curious place, and although the biological roots of our behavior are apparent in some ways, they remain a mystery in others, above all though, we are fortunate to live in a world where we can observe these FACTS, and not simply live their bloody incarnations.
submitted by Primary-Doughnut5917 to Thoughts [link] [comments]

2023.03.25 06:20 LowImagination5051 My univ broke my heart

so i have a classmate who has very concerning behavior and has made me feel unsafe multiple times for multiple reasons. nung una we (my groupmates) were being understanding pa sa kanya pero it came to a point where in he got too comfortable with us and doon lumabas yung ugali niya. he was openly rude, he had instances na nanghihipo siya, he never gave usable input sa group works namin and overall we got tired of him. Nung una pinagsasabihan pa namin when he becomes rude like he would not say "excuse me" and manunulak nalang siya bigla then we would tell him na mag excuse naman siya and he would act like he didnt hear us and never siya nag sorry sa kahit anong ginawa niya.
Even when may multiple instances na may nahihipuan siya, kahit pa iconfront siya agad, he would deny it and not even say sorry. He never kept his distance despite these issues of panghihipo he would still stand very close to us parin and ganun nga may mahihipuan nanaman.
We reported this to MULTIPLE professors and we were waiting for updates or any action taken against this issue hanggang halos mag end na yung school year wala pa nangyayari, plus palala pa nang palala si bastos na classmate. Plus, the professors would either tell us to just tolerate him, or accuse us of bullying and isolating him.
Finally we reported it to our coordinator and wow unsurprisingly, kami pa yung masama. The coordinator said its our fault for not telling her daw agad para naaksyunan. but we reported it to multiple profs na, shouldnt it be their responsibility to report it sa proper channels? And ending, we were accused na nangbubully daw kami and judgemental daw kami.
I dont want to be too detailed para di ma expose identity ko since ive reported this to so many people sa school and none of them did anything about it. We would even see the bastos na classmate being comforted by the professors kase nga daw kawawa siya na iniisolate namin siya, and yet, we never got comforting and support from any of our profs. Its important to note that that guy had a history of violence as well, and when we told our prof na he threatened he would punch us because sinumbong namin siya na pumapasok parin siya even na may infectious disease siya and tinago niya pa saamin, so we didnt even have the chance to protect ourselves. He laughed and said at least daw di lang siya may sakit. And yet, ang response ng professor namin was "well, binigyan niyo siya ng reason gustuhin na suntukin kayo" and that just made my blood boil.
its been almost a year of blaming us and invalidating our feelings and im just so so tired and hurt. I dont know what else to do. we cant report him kase we will be graduating in less than a month and that would cause a delay in my graduation and i just cant risk that.
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2023.03.25 04:21 Ambiguous_Contract AITA for leaving dinner after my friend purposely upset me?

It’s well-known among my friend group that I (29M) don’t want children. My friend (“Bob” 29M) knows that this is a sensitive subject for me because family members often try to convince me to reconsider my choice.
Fast-forward: Bob and I are hanging out with a couple other friends at a bar. It’s a sober night. Toward the end of the night, Bob passingly mentions that I would be a good parent. I confusingly asked him why he’s bringing that up, since he knows I don’t want kids. He goes on to claim that I don’t want kids because of some latent trauma relating to my parents and potential genetic issue (my family has a history of genetic heart diseases). He mentioned that I’m a giving and caring person, so it’s a shame that I don’t want to be a parent.
I reexplained the reasons I don’t want kids (e.g., don’t like them, finances, etc.), stated that he could potentially damage our friendship if he keeps trying to implicitly or explicitly persuade me to have kids, and asked him to stop. Our other two friends try to chime in, reaffirming that everyone in our friend group knows that I don’t want kids and that it’s a perfectly valid decision. Bob then says that he isn’t fully convinced of my reasons. I say that it’s unfair for me to unconditionally support his desire to have kids, while he claims to support my decision to not have kids but still tries to persuade me otherwise.
We eventually get to a point where he acknowledges that he’s going to try to stop. Then, he laughs and comments about how he enjoys riling me up. Confused and upset, I ask him to confirm if he pushed a sensitive issue solely to see my reaction. He said “yes” and, before he could try to explain his justification, I got up and left the bar.
I felt deeply disrespected because I don’t think friends should intentionally upset each other just to see their reactions. It’s manipulative and border-line bullying behavior. To his credit, he tried to apologize before I left, but not before he tried to justify what he did.
That brings me to my question: AITA for leaving the bar immediately after my friend admitted that he tried to convince me to have kids solely to upset me?
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2023.03.25 04:04 InVeryHarsh Alternate Timeline: Presidency Of The Kingfish, Huey P. Long(1945-1949)

Alternate Timeline: Presidency Of The Kingfish, Huey P. Long(1945-1949)
Summary of Timeline: Lincoln and Johnson were both assassinated and President Pro Tempore of the Senate Lafayette S. Foster has become president, but a election is being held in Nov 1865
17th Lafayette S. Foster(Republican, 1865-1866)
18th Ulysses S. Grant(Republican, 1866-1873)
19th James G. Blaine(Republican, 1873-1877)
20th Rutherford B. Hayes(Republican, 1877-1881)
21st Ulysses S. Grant(Republican, 1881-1885)
22nd James Garfield(Republican, 1885-1889)
23rd Robert Todd Lincoln(Republican, 1889-1997)
24th William McKinley(Republican, 1897-1902)
25th Theodore Roosevelt(Republican, 1902-1913)
26th William Howard Taft(Republican, 1913-1917)
27th Thomas R. Marshall(Democrat, 1917-1921)
28th Leonard Wood(Republican, 1921-1925)
29th Robert M. La Follette(Republican, 1925-1927)
30th Charles Evans Hughes(Republican, 1927-1933)
31st Franklin D. Roosevelt(Democrat, 1933-1945)
32nd Harry S. Truman(Democrat, 1945-1945)
33rd Huey P. Long(Longist, 1945-1949)

Vice Presidents:
17th Schuyler Colfax(1866-1869)
18th Henry Wilson(1869-1873)
19th Schuyler Colfax(1873-1877)
20th Wiliam Wheeler(1877-1881)
21st Henry W. Blair(1881-1885)
22nd Chester Arthur(1885-1893)
23rd Blanche K. Bruce(1893-1897)
24th Garret Hobart(1897-1899)
25th Theodore Roosevelt(1901-1902)
26th Charles Fairbanks(1905-1909)
27th William Howard Taft(1909-1913)
28th Charles Fairbanks(1913-1917)
29th George E. Chamberlain(1917-1921)
30th Charles Evans Hughes(1921-1927)
31st Herbert Hoover(1929-1933)
32nd John Garner(1933-1941)
33rd Henry Wallace(1941-1945)
33rd Harry S. Truman(1945-1949)

Vice President: Harry S. Truman(1945-1949)
Secretary of State: Robert F. Wagner(1945-1949)
Secretary of the Treasury: Hiram Johnson(1945-1948)
Secretary of WaDefense: Wendell Willkie(1945-1946) Burton K. Wheeler(1946-1949)
Attorney General: Daniel Hoan(1945-1949)
Postmaster General: Walter Lippmann(1945-1949)
Secretary of the Navy: Robert A. Lovett(1945-1949)
Secretary of the Interior: Philip La Follette(1945-1949)
Secretary of Agriculture: Henry Wallace(1945-1949)
Secretary of Commerce: A. Philip Randolph(1945-1949)
Secretary of Labor: David Dubinsky(1945-1949)

President Huey P. Long

Well he finally did it! After nearly 10 years of running the Kingfish has finally made it to the Presidency, cementing himself in history along with the 32 men before him. He has shocked the U.S. political sphere and his supporters have high hopes in the Kingfish and his incredibly progressive domestic policies and hope his isolationist foreign policy will pan out.
Upon entering office on May 20,1945 he immediately had to deal with the war in the Pacific. Despite their great differences he worked with Secretary of War Wendell Willkie in continuing aggressive U.S. policies in the Pacific Theater, working toward the complete and unconditional surrender of Japan. In Europe the war had fortunately finally come to an end with Germany surrendering just days before President Long's inauguration, however he now had to deal with the postwar negotiations which dealt with the postwar borders. In July he would go to the important Potsdam Conference meeting with Prime Minister Clement Attlee, and Soviet leader Joseph Stalin. They spoke extensively about what would happen now, former President Truman and former President Roosevelt had already agreed to take a piece of Germany under U.S. control, President Long, a strong isolationist, preferred not to have the territory and asked both France and Britain to take the territory. However, since both countries had been devastated by the war and were recovering, President Long reluctantly decided to keep the territory for now, wanting to keep it out of Soviet hands.
In the Pacific the U.S. had gotten closer and closer to Japan with their island hopping strategy and had greatly increased the firebombing of Japan with the advice of Secretary of War Wendell Willkie. The Empire of Japan was on its knees, but that only caused them to fight even harder and more brutally. President Long at this point had been filled in on the new devastating weapon that had finally developed after years of experimentation, knowing it's destructive power he was at odds with himself, but with Secretary of War Wendell Willkie constantly pestering him to use the bomb to prevent a land invasion of Japan, in August the bombings were approved and over the next few days the cities Hiroshima and Nagasaki were reduced to ash. Along with the Russian invasion of Manchuria, Japan officially unconditionally surrendered in September and was rapidly occupied by the U.S. army. Although he would like to let it go as soon as possible with the country in shambles and with a possible Soviet takeover, President Long decided to keep U.S. troops in the country and began rebuilding the country.
President Long would quickly come into conflict with Secretary of War Wendell Willkie with their differing views on foreign policy, as Willkie supported being greatly involved in Europe to deal with the Soviets, but President Long wants to stay out Europe's problems and has only begrudgingly accepted to take part of Germany under U.S. occupation. Things would escalate with President Long refusing to join the newly formed United Nations something Willkie supported, It would get so bad they would both start hurling personal insults at one another, most of the cabinet supported President Long, but Vice President Harry Truman, who had been mostly kept out of things after being delegated to the vice Presidency supported Willkie. President Long who was furious at this point removed Willkie from the position after nearly 5 years of service, and replaced him with isolationist and progressive Senator Burton K. Wheeler. His refusal to join the UN would also strain relations with the western European states who expected the U.S. to join.
Along with his refusal to join the United Nations, President Long stopped any real U.S. presence in Europe besides continuing trade and holding on to the German territory gained after WW2. With no U.S. real presence, the Western European states had become afraid of the Soviet Union, who had aggressively taken over the Eastern European countries, but if the U.S. owned German territory ever attacked by the Soviets President Long may be forced to intervene militarily lest he'd want public backlash. Western Europe also began slowly rebuilding after the devastating second world war, U.S. trade definitely assisted but despite some calls from people to help Western Europe directly, President Long followed his non-intervention and isolationist policy and decided against it. The Republicans and Democrats have come out in opposition and called for greater U.S. involvement in Europe, especially to oppose the Soviet Union, worrying about a Soviet dominated Europe
President Long also began work toward full Philippine independence which he'd supported with mostly bipartisan support. In 1946 the Philippines had finally become an independent nation recognized by the U.S. with the Treaty of Manila, the Philippines would end up joining the United Nations unlike the U.S.
As he promised he did continue President Roosevelt’s “Good Neighbor” policy and continued to try and make closer ties with other American countries strictly diplomatically, but didn’t really focus on the policy being mostly hands off and letting his allies deal with diplomatic talks.
Back home for the first year of his presidency, he got little to nothing done as Congress was still held by mostly Republicans and Democrats. Along with the economy in question he saw backlash from the public who put some blame on the Kingfish as he was the president. Things would become worse as in May of 1946, despite him personally meeting many union bosses and shutting down multiple railroads, many strikes would occur anyways. It resulted in thousands of freight trains and passenger trains stopping causing anger toward President Long and hurting the economy, he and his socialist allies quickly went back to the union bosses and despite already campaigning on expanding union powers, made multiple guarantees to the unions in greatly expanding their powers and slowly the strikes would stop but damage had been done.
Even with the hurting economy and public anger directed toward President Long the 1946 midterms would be a smashing success for President Long, as the U.S. public overwhelmingly voted in favor of the Longists and Socialists getting them majorities over the Republicans and Democrats in Congress shaking the political field.

1946 U.S. Midterm Elections:
Socialists 29 seats
Longists 28 seats
Republicans 21 seats
Democrats: 18 seats
House of Representatives:
Socialists 118 seats
Longists 123 seats
Republicans 97 seats
Democrats 97 seats

After the dominating performance in the midterms by the Socialists and Longists, they had gained a strong majority over the Republicans and Democrats allowing President Long to try and implement his Share Our Wealth domestic plan especially in the time of economic downturn. President Long would quickly propose the “Kingfish Bill” which would introduce an aggressive progressive tax which would cap personal fortune at $150 million dollars, cap income at $1.5 million dollars, and finally cap inheritance at $7 million dollars(following inflation). However he was stonewalled by the Supreme Court, and despite his two (unspecified) progressive Supreme Court appointments the other justices blocked the legislation. He then vigorously began working toward trying to convince the Supreme Court to try and allow his bill to pass, in the meantime not wanting to be stuck on the issue began working toward other domestic policies he had been proposing.
Another massive piece of legislation that President Long promised and passed is the National Labor Empowerment Act(1946). This act granted unions further powers in their places of employment so that average workers would be protected by the bad practices of business. The bill saw push back mainly for the Republicans and even some Democrats who argued the unions would exploit their newly found increased power which would hurt U.S. business and cause an economic downturn. Laborers obviously sang President Long's praises, chanting “every man is king” during his speeches and whenever he was out in public. During his presidency, as hoped unions further protected average workers from being exploited en masse, they increased wages and improved working conditions, threatening to strike if demands were not met. However there were consequences for giving the unions further power, over his presidency as critics predicted there were cases of unions exploiting their power. There was documented cases of some unions avidly protecting bad workers causing animosity between these unions and the employers, accusations of corruption flew against union bosses who were accused of racketeering and using the unions for personal benefit, and with high demands from unions caused unemployment in certain places harming the already shaky post war economy.
One thing he had promised in his campaign but would immediately prioritize after the massive railroad strike months earlier was the nationalization of the railroad industry even with the economic repercussions. With the massive majority and approval in congress he would create the United States National Railroad Administration(USNRA) effectively nationalizing the nation's railroads and putting them in federal control. The U.S. would buy out multiple companies in the railroad industry, however as expected with the U.S. buyout of these companies the struggling economy would struggle further as debt and inflation continued to increase which angered people outside the railroad industry and unions. President Long came out to quell fears of another big depression saying with the nationalization of the railroads more jobs could be created, and after its nationalization more jobs in the railroad industry were created such as bolstering and creating new railroads which did partly help the struggling economy, and railroad workers were happier with better working conditions with the industry under federal control.
A minor bill in comparison would also be passed, even farmers had recovered from the Great Depression, it didn’t stop President Long from proposing and passing the Federal Agriculture Assistance Act in late 1946, which guaranteed that the president and the federal government would always come to assist struggling farmers through various methods such as subsidies and various other methods of financial assistance. It was easily passed as it saw mostly bipartisan support, and has drawn comparisons to the former AAA which ended in 1942. During his term it had not been needed as farmers had recovered, but just with the acts passing he has gotten in the good graces with the nation's farmers and it is likely they’ll reliably vote for him in 1948. He was even able to convince the capable Henry Wallace to join his administration as Secretary of Agriculture after serving in the position under President Roosevelt.
To gain some popularity with the public and to hopefully allow more workers to be hired to ramp up the economy, President Long passed the Executive Price Controls Act at the end of 1946. Most price controls were unpopular and it was hoped that lifting price controls would allow for more employment, the bill gave President Long the power to institute and remove price controls over many different items. With its passing President Long would remove price controls on a multitude of items, unfortunately the effect would be minimal. Though a number of people would be employed it would not have much of an effect on the economy as it continued to struggle, the public had just gotten angrier and the Republicans and Conservative Democrats accused President Long of increasing the power of the president even further. Even his Socialist allies were also skeptical when passing the bill as the bill gave more power to the president, but as expected longists wholeheartedly supported it, it has led to some minor drifts between the allies.
Now even with the struggling economy he wouldn’t let that stop him from passing more of his domestic legislation. After passing the Executie Price Controls Act(1946), he would draft up and pass the Veterans Pension Act of 1947 guaranteeing WW1 and WW2 veterans a yearly pension with their pension being decided by their individual needs. This act won widespread support from U.S. veterans of both wars who praised the President and it did help veterans who were struggling financially, but it definitely didn’t help the economic situation, only making the majority of people not happy.
Next he would pass his most ambitious bill yet, following his statement on the “war on disease,” the Kingfish would pass the American Healthcare Act of 1947. This bill cemented that the essential healthcare costs including the mental health of Americans would be paid for by the U.S. government in a single payer system but non-essential medical procedures were not covered under the system, the bill saw cheers from the average people who had suffered so greatly from the Great Depression. However some did oppose the bill such as some who feared the system as communist, and conservatives who saw this as additional taxes to pay for a potentially ineffective system. It was put into effect in March of ‘47 and over the course of his presidency millions of Americans were able to get essential healthcare, the government paid for it partly through taxes but to make sure that the taxes could be as small as possible funding also came from other avenues such as tariffs. Despite the current economy President Long's popularity skyrocketed as now the economic burden of healthcare had been lifted from the average American, however he would come into conflict with southerners and his Socialist allies who had preferred another system. President Long’s single payer system still allowed citizens to still get health insurance from private companies separate from the government, the system also contacted a select few private companies to assist the federal government. The Socialists had preferred a system where there would be no reliance on private companies, but Long opposed that and a conversation with Socialist Senate Leader and friend Norman Thomas would get heated. Seeing no way to convince the president and not wanting public backlash most Socialists in Congress said yes to his system. Southerners had a problem with the system due to the fact African American were also allowed to get healthcare, and it had hurt him in the south. Unrelated to the bill above, the Kingfish would also increase the benefits for Social Security by spring, increasing the pension for people aged 65 and up. With the increased benefits to try and pick up the slack President Long did also increase taxes.
So far in the Kingfish’s presidency he had passed historic progressive legislation and had bolstered other legislation, but that damned economy had been a thorn in his side for over a year at this point. But he had a plan to stimulate and recover the economy, he would approach Congress and in a rare show of bipartisanship among the four parties he would pass the National Road Infrastructure Act of 1947. The act created many public works projects to bolster U.S. road infrastructure, mainly expanding the country's highways. When it went into effect in April, millions of Americans would be employed to bolster U.S. road infrastructure, fixing existing roads, creating new roads, and creating bridges and as hoped for it stimulated the ailing economy, and although the economy was not at full strength it had still greatly recovered and President Long’s popularity among the people grew.
Domestically things were now looking up, the public works projects created had jump started the economy and things looked better, but then that pompous fool Senator Joseph McCarthy along with other known figures began loudly speaking about communist infiltration in the U.S. government, even insinuating that President Long’s cabinet and close allies consistent of communists. This caused widespread fear among the American people and Senator McCarthy’s accusations began to hurt President Long’s reputation, Long who was furious at the Senators accusations begrudgingly decided to try and work with the Senator fearing public reaction at condemning the Senator. His Longists allies for the most part wholeheartedly supported him, but his Socialist allies were split as some wanted to condemn the Senator and fight back the accusations while others wanted to work with the Senator to prove that communists had no influence over them. In response to accusations of communist infiltration in the government, in April President Long signed an Executive Order creating the Federal Employees Loyalty Program requiring Federal employees to take loyalty oaths to the U.S. It also began recommending the removal of certain employees. Now the public is still fearful of communist infiltration in the government but the President’s actions did ease the public worry, however the rift between him and the Socialists grew as they opposed the program while he supported it. Some even tried making a bill to stop the Executive Order which angered the President, causing more heated arguments between the Longists and the Socialists.
After partly quelling the fear of communist infiltration in the U.S. government President Long would then begin to work on amending the Fair Labor Standards Act of 1938. His proposed provisions in the bill would make a 30 hour and four day work the national standard and he would add a guarantee of four weeks of paid vacation for employees. Despite recent conflicts with his Socialist allies, the amendments would pass through Congress easily with joint Longist and Socialist support. The changes would go into effect in July seeing cheers from laborers and many businesses would have to adopt the new standards, during his presidency general employee health and happiness would increase along with certain industries even seeing an increase in productivity, however in some other industries productivity did go down along with employee salary. It would cause conflicts between some Unions and the business in those industries that would eventually be quelled but the calls from conservatives on Union power has been emboldened.
After months of fighting and negotiations with the Supreme Court President Long frustratingly could still not make them budge on his aggressive tax code, although very irritated, President Long instead decided to go for a more average progressive tax, passing the Revenue Act of 1947 taxes on incredibly wealthy would heavily increase but not to the extent President Long had preferred and he reduced taxes for the middle class and the poor. As expected this did see cheers from the average American, the increased taxes on the wealthy was another thing that did help the economy from its slump and it was steadily recovering. The heavily increased taxes on the wealthy would have the consequence of driving some wealthy Americans out to other countries but the effect was minimal.
As the latter half of 1947 had come, President Long began working towards his promises in the education department. Knowing the economy was still recovering and making a big change in the middle of it would hurt it, instead of immediately making higher education completely free, President Long introduced the Education Funding Act of 1947 which increased federal funding of universities all over the United States to reduce the amount students had to pay for their education. President Long has said that free higher education will be implemented in the future, but in the current economy it would not be a wise decision. Still the bill did see cheers from Americans, but conservatives were not pleased with the bill as it still increased government spending especially during this economy. Over his presidency, tuition for university would become cheaper for students all over the country, but as expected this was another thing the Federal Government had to pay for which didn’t help the economy.
As 1948 approached, calls for more internationalist foreign policy came from the Republicans and Democrats and the Soviets were becoming more powerful especially with no direct U.S. presence in Europe besides in West Germany and Berlin. As it would happen the Soviet Union would invade multiple countries such as Greece after taking over Eastern Europe, the Western European states rushed to assist those nations. The nations would greatly increase trade with the U.S. to have the supplies to take on the Soviet forces putting a strain on their post war economies, with these invasions the public increasingly became worried of a Soviet dominated Western Europe. President Long maintained his isolationist policy, saying that he will not allow more U.S. soldiers to die in Europe and that he wanted to stay out of their problems, but he did condemn the Soviets expansionist policy. The Soviets also increasingly supported their communist allies in China assisting them in their takeover of the Chinese government. The U.S. would stay out of the conflict, sticking to just trading and despite French support the existing government was getting pushed out.
During the rest of his presidency he would maintain his progressive policies and continue public works projects on road infrastructure to bolster U.S. infrastructure and to revitalize the economy which had mostly recovered by the end of his first term
View Poll
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2023.03.25 03:36 BunnyhugThrowaway Pitting edema

46f - typically 179lbs - recent weight gain up to 190.
Psoriatic Arthritis
Synovitis just diagnosed at the DIP Joint
Chronic daily migraine
Amitriptyline Celexa Concerta Folic Acid Methotrexate Simponi Occasionally torodol, ventolin, ondansetron
Strong maternal history of heart conditions - mother has a pacemaker
Strong maternal family history of thyroid disease - mother has had both hypo and hyper - all females and one male over 50 on my maternal side have thyroid disease.
I’m a retail manager. I spend my days standing, walking or running. And lifting up to 50 lbs at any given time throughout the day.
46f 190lbs - recent weight gain up to 190 typically 175. 5’5”
Edema in lower legs, also notice it in face and hands.
Will mention at next rheum appointment in July, unless it is of the wise opinion that I should follow up sooner.
What could be causing this? I can’t simply be swelling this badly just from work can I? I never notice how badly the swelling spread into my foot.
•Psoriatic Arthritis •Osteoarthritis •synovitis at the Distal Interphalangeal Joint •Crohns •Adhd •Depression •Ptsd •Asthma •Chronic daily migraine •Amitriptyline •Celexa •Concerta •Folic Acid •Methotrexate •Simponi •Occasionally torodol, ventolin, ondansetron
Previous bloodwork: CBC & Auto Differential •Leukocytes - 7.30 x10e9/L reference range - 4.00-11.00 • Erythrocytes - 4.01 x10e12/L Reference Range - 3.20-5.40 •Hemoglobin - 122.0 g/L Reference Range - 110-160 •Hematocrit - 0.365 L/L Reference Range - 0.330-0.480 •MCV - 90.8 fL Reference Range - 79.0-99.0 •MCH - 30.4 pg Reference Range - 27.0-32.0 •MCHC - 335.0 g/L Reference Range - 320-360 •Erythrocyte Distribution Width (RDW) - 14.5 % Reference Range - 11.5-15.0 •Platelets - 343.0 x10e9/L Reference Range - 150-400 •MPV - 6.9 fL Below Low Normal Reference Range - 7.4-10.6 •Neutrophils - 3.95 x10e9/L Reference Range - 1.50-7.50 •Lymphocytes - 2.53 x10e9/L Reference Range - 1.50-4.00 •Monocytes - 0.55 x10e9/L Reference Range - 0.20-1.00 •Eosinophils - 0.22 x10e9/L Reference Range - 0.00-0.60 •Basophils - 0.06 x10e9/L Reference Range - 0.00-0.20 •Erythrocytes Nucleated - 0.01 x10e9/L Reference Range - •Erythrocytes Nucleated/100 Leukocytes - 0.0 /100{WBCs} Reference Range - •Albumin; BCP - 33.0 g/L Below Low Normal Reference Range - 35-52 •Creatinine - 78.0 umol/L Reference range - 45-90 •Alkaline Phosphatase (ALP) - 66.0 U/L Reference Range - 30-110 •Urea - 5.6 mmol/L Reference Range - 3.7-7.0 •Aspartate Aminotransferase (AST) - 11.0 U/L Reference Range - 10-35 •Alanine Aminotransferase (ALT) - 12.0 U/L Reference Range - 5-45 •C Reactive Protein; High Sensitivity - 3.8 mg/L Reference Range - 0.0-7.0 “For Cardiovascular risk assessment: hsCRP (mg/L) Relative Risk: <1.0 Low 1.0-3.0 Intermediate >3.0 High” •Glomerular Filtration Rate/1.73 Sq M Predicted (CKD-EPI) - 79.0 mL/min Reference Range - 60-200 “Note :Chronic kidney disease is defined by GFR <60 mL/min/1.73 m2 or urine albumin-creatinine ratio: >3 mg/mmol (>2 mg/mmol in people with diabetes) for more than 3 months. The 2009 CKD-EPI equation (with no factor for race) used to estimate GFR assumes patients are in steady-state and not on dialysis therapy.” 
Video of me pressing my leg if you’re interested - https://imgur.com/a/GNu3Qcx
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2023.03.25 03:30 Longjumping_Collar_9 Postmodern philosophy essay - draft

Wisdom flows from positive experience, understanding flows from negative experience. A positive experience is one that adds to life, a negative experience is one that you take away from life. Wisdom comes from success having many forms, understanding is the subtraction of the forms to a common denominator. Many wisdoms can be isolated into different understandings, wisdom is the intuition, understanding analyses those intutions. Only the wise man can create a new understanding, as understanding does not flow from understanding. Understanding is often the path most followed, whereas wisdom is the path untrekked. Wisdom is the field of virtual potentiality that is actualised through its reception and expression, which is ultimately categorised by understanding. Reception is the opening of the mind to new ideas and expression involves the ability to express it to the world. Reception does not follow sacrifice, but it flows from positive experience. How can one learn new things if not ready?
"When you have eliminated the impossible, whatever remains, however improbable, must be the truth". However the truth for one is not the truth for another, is what the wise man intuits, however the man of understanding will say that there are forms of truth that have commonalities, but the wise man knows that the truth has not been discovered yet. Yet the man of understanding will say that through the deduction of ideas, there remains the truth. However the wise man knows that the truth is limited by the forms that have been created. The combination of these forms, wisdom and understanding is called knowledge; which is the calm possession of a rule enabling solution. Wisdom can be the possession of an insight that breaks from the confines of an oppressive structure of understanding. Wisdom can be seen as psychosis and understanding is neurosis, knowledge is the balance between the two, between the virtual and the actual.
Follow the lines of escape leading elsewhere, seek to become deterritorilised from neurotic impulses of understanding from within and seek wisdom from without. The reason I categorise wisdom as flowing from positive experience is that the positive charge of momentous experience can provide the gates for receptivity to open. But wisdom can also be the reframing of negative experience into a positive one. Wisdom is a hidden radiant light that is abundant, understanding is the revealed radiant light that is scarce. Both are needed for the supernal light of knowledge to emerge. Understanding is needed for wisdom to become your own, by breaking the abundant light of wisdom into its constituent parts.
As above, so below, before it becomes a influence on the parents it is instituted by totalising orders of the state beforehand. The oppressive construct of desire, enraptured by oedipalising flows of articulation. Moreover if desire is repressed, it can explode. Industry is the understanding of wisdom that is prevalent, it comes from nature but does not return to it. Wisdom is the fragmentary presupposition of the unity of flows within an object. Wisdom remains as a partial object.
A true perception of a movement that is produced through recording is an understanding. The wise man has at his dispersal his own recorded code that does not coincide with the code of the socius.
All circumstances emerge in the immanent plane of transcedence, where the first words spoken become the reality. As soon as you create a sense of territoriality over an object, giving it a name, it refuses itself to be deterritorialised. We call this neurosis. God created the realms of virtuality and actuality through constricting his eternal light, they emerge as illusions as true knowledge lies between these two. What is between intuition and rationality? It is an emergent object of neither intuition or rationality. It is the calm possession of a rule enabling solution. The reality we live in is one of rules, of cause and effect. To understand these rules, you have knowledge.
Knowledge exists in both realms of actuality and virtuality, it exists in a superposition of the two. Knowledge exists before wisdom and understanding, these are forces that capitulate to the cause and effect of the universe which only existed when god constricted his light. Moreover, knowledge exists before the virtual and actual, as in science: knowledge comes first.
The opening of the minds eye to something new, is both a transcedent and immanent experience, both virtual and actual, both positive and negative.
What wisdom and understanding leave in its wake is knowledge, which the writer uses to generate more wisdom and understanding. An ontology of writing, the sayings on which other sayings spring from. What is the first saying? Wisdom flows from positive experience, understanding flows from negative experience. To which the idea of wisdom and understanding are seen as a kind duality that disappears upon reflection. What is left is knowledge. What the writer explores is a doorway to other ontological predicates, to which reception is positive and multiplicitous.
Before we continue, we’ve categorised territorialisation as neurotic, imminent and actual. Deterritorialisation remains as psychotic, transcendent and virtual. But reality is not black and white and sometimes its impossible to categorise something as neurotic or psychotic. Whether deterritorialising or territorialising, we are creating new territories regardless, one deterritorialisation can bring a reterritorialisation. What if a neurotics boundaries are really psychotic constructs?
With the power of a sonnet or the beauty of prose, one can turn negative experiences into positive ones, creating new territories that can be traversed.
Electric dreams that can be surfed. The breath of a new thought, a wave crashing unto the rocks.
Free yourself from neurotic boundaries and psychotic constructs. Deterritorialisation until the right territory is found. Scramble the codes and overwrite existing codes. The schizo changes his code to which company he is in. I am not god but I am god, I am a clown of gods ghost. Free yourself from the box that imprisons you, play chess with only Queens. Scramble the recorded code, change the game. Change the deontological code.
The meaning of philosophy: Love. The world needs lotic love of the most potent kind. There must be a passionate love for wisdom and understanding for knowledge to occur. If we are to understand the Being of beings, we must find out what they love; who they love, and tap into that. When she broke your heart, you understood what to do differently next time. You experienced loss and became stronger because of it. This book is not so much about maps of meaning, rather gaps of meaning. Reflections on experiences to create a superior ontology.
To categorise Being into categories distinct to a particular philosopher is to imbue territoriality to thinking. To put Being into distinct categories is to inflame the very nature of Being. It is a complex multi-faceted topic that has been approached and understood in different ways by various philosophers throughout history. Territorialising being leads to the creation of rigid frameworks. It is better to approach Being with a sense of wonder.
Fall into Being as Heidegger puts it. The imprints of territories in your social code.
Get the tape, cut it, splice imagery, you’re cured. Splice in imagery of being a Holy Roman soldier, or a Barbarian.
To which the imperceptibility of impermenance is the falleness that we feel, the time in which we fill with nothing in a life that is fleeting away.
Very focused, slicing through the text like a guillotine, it reverberates like a boomerang.
This paper has concerned itself with the reverberations of being and the imperceptibility of time passing, the multiplicity of recorded codes and the categorisation as territoriality as neurotic, actual and imminent and deterritoriality as psychotic, virtual and transcendent.
Take the artist Kanye West, he has deterritorialised the masses through his transcendence to the top. He has switched up recorded codes, from that of producer-rapper, to a rapper; to that of a fashion icon; a bipolar genius.
How many bipolar geniuses are there? It seems like an overcoding of the bipolar disease, culminating in genius.
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2023.03.25 03:27 infernal1999 Can a history of sexual abuse or trauma contribute to erectile dysfunction?

Sexual abuse and trauma are traumatic events that can have long-lasting psychological effects on individuals, including sexual dysfunction. Erectile dysfunction (ED) is a common sexual dysfunction characterized by the inability to achieve or maintain an erection sufficient for sexual intercourse.
Several factors contribute to ED, including psychological, physical, and emotional factors. In this answer, we will focus on the relationship between a history of sexual abuse or trauma and the development of erectile dysfunction.
Understanding Erectile Dysfunction.
Erectile dysfunction is a complex condition that involves physical, psychological, and emotional factors. It can be caused by various physical conditions, including hormonal imbalances, nerve damage, cardiovascular disease, and diabetes.
Psychological factors such as anxiety, depression, and stress can also contribute to ED. Emotional factors, including relationship issues and low self-esteem, can also play a role.
The Relationship between Sexual Abuse or Trauma and Erectile Dysfunction.
Sexual abuse and trauma can have a profound impact on an individual's sexual health, and research has shown that it can contribute to the development of ED. Sexual abuse can lead to a range of psychological problems, including anxiety, depression, post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), and low self-esteem, which can all contribute to ED.
One study found that men who experienced sexual abuse or trauma had a higher risk of developing ED than men who did not experience such events. Another study found that men who reported a history of sexual abuse were more likely to experience sexual dysfunction, including ED.
The psychological impact of sexual abuse or trauma can manifest in various ways, including sexual anxiety, fear of intimacy, and negative self-perception. These factors can lead to a loss of sexual confidence and contribute to ED. Men who have experienced sexual abuse or trauma may also have difficulty trusting others, which can make it challenging to establish and maintain intimate relationships.
Treatment Options.
Treating ED in individuals who have experienced sexual abuse or trauma requires a holistic approach that addresses both the physical and psychological aspects of the condition. Treatment may include psychotherapy, medication, or a combination of both.
Psychotherapy can help individuals work through the psychological effects of sexual abuse or trauma and develop coping strategies to manage their symptoms. Medications such as phosphodiesterase type 5 (PDE5) inhibitors, which include Viagra, Cialis, and Levitra, can help improve blood flow to the penis and improve erections.
As you may realize, a history of sexual abuse or trauma can contribute to the development of erectile dysfunction. The psychological effects of sexual abuse or trauma, including anxiety, depression, and low self-esteem, can lead to sexual dysfunction. It is essential to take a holistic approach to treating ED in individuals who have experienced sexual abuse or trauma by addressing both the physical and psychological aspects of the condition. If you are experiencing ED and have a history of sexual abuse or trauma, seeking professional help can be an essential step toward improving your sexual health and overall well-being.
Why Do We suggest VigRX Plus® for Your Erectile Dysfunction?
As discussed in the above answer, a history of sexual abuse or trauma can contribute to the development of erectile dysfunction. This can be a challenging issue to address, as it involves both physical and psychological factors. While there are various treatments available for ED, some people may prefer natural remedies to prescription medications. One such natural remedy that has gained popularity is VigRX Plus.
Understanding VigRX Plus.
VigRX Plus is a natural supplement that is marketed as a treatment for erectile dysfunction and other sexual health issues. It contains a blend of herbal ingredients, including ginkgo biloba, Korean red ginseng, and saw palmetto, that is believed to improve blood flow to the penis, boost libido, and increase stamina.
Benefits of VigRX Plus.
VigRX Plus has been the subject of several clinical studies, which have found it to be effective in improving erectile function and sexual satisfaction. One study found that men who took VigRX Plus for 12 weeks experienced a significant improvement in their erectile function compared to those who took a placebo.
VigRX Plus is also believed to have fewer side effects than prescription medications, making it a safer option for some people. Additionally, since it is a natural supplement, it does not require a prescription and can be purchased online or at health food stores.
While VigRX Plus may be a viable option for some people, it is important to note that it is not a cure for erectile dysfunction. It may help improve erectile function, but it should not be used as a substitute for medical treatment. Anyone who experiences persistent or severe ED should consult with a healthcare provider to determine the underlying cause of their condition and receive appropriate treatment.
Therefore, VigRX Plus is a natural supplement that may be beneficial in improving erectile function in individuals with a history of sexual abuse or trauma. However, it should be used in conjunction with medical treatment and under the guidance of a healthcare provider. Anyone considering using VigRX Plus or any other natural supplement for ED should speak with a healthcare provider to ensure that it is safe and appropriate for their individual needs.
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2023.03.25 03:21 Mysterious_Glove_746 Any medical Columbos out there? Desperate for any help...

50F, 5’3”, 102 lbs., never smoker, rarely drink, no drugs, on Diamox 125 mg. 2x per day and Nurtec ODT, both for migraine.
I am scared. I greatly appreciate the medical care I’ve received, but I’m worried that things continue to get worse, and that I am now questioning my ability to continue to work or to be there for my kids in a meaningful way. If anyone can point me in the direction of where I should go, what questions I should ask, I would be very grateful.
Primary complaints: weight loss/fatigue and dizziness/lack of balance.
I have been having episodes early satiety and bloating. This has led to a weight loss from 110 to 102 as well as loss of hair and strength. I originally began having these episodes while pregnant with my second child in 2014. I would be miserable, drop weight and slowly, slowly recover. During these episodes I feel my middle is being squeezed. I do not have the sensation of hunger. Often once I do start to eat later I suddenly realize how hungry I am and eat to the point where I feel discomfort/pain afterwards. I had a gastric emptying study that was done in 2015 that showed a slightly delayed emptying of liquids. A CT scan in July of 2020 was normal. An abdominal ultrasound done in 2022 was normal. I had an endoscopy and colonoscopy in 2015 that was negative, including for celiac. The episodes have become more frequent.
Of possible note, my blood sugar never seems to rise very high, even when eating something very sugary. It will generally peak around 100 an hour later and go down from there. During my pregnancy when all this started, I had a glucose tolerance test the results were 112 at one hour and 92 after two hours. My blood sugar will go down to 70/high 60s four hours later. My dad, grandmother, uncle and sister were all diabetic Type 2.
I have also been experiencing dizziness. In October of 2019 I started experiencing pain on the right side of my face, near the front of my ear towards my eye. Dentist saw no dental issues, including TMJ. Brain MRI was done to look at the trigeminal nerve and the only thing noted were foci consistent with migraine. The pain remained but waxed and waned and was at a low level in May 2021 when I woke up with my ear full on that side, as well as pain. ENT did workup and concluded it was vestibular migraine, which the neurologist agreed with. The ear fullness eventually resolved gradually over several months. In November of 2022 I suddenly experience severe vertigo with vomiting that landed me in the ER. My ENT prescribed Diamox. It seemed to work very nicely in that I’ve not had a repeat episode of that severity. I do still get what feels like difficulty walking and a buzzy, light-headed feeling. It comes on suddenly.
Additionally on that side of my face, I broke my eye socket playing football in 1998 and had a lesion that was treated with valacyclovir twice. The dermatologist did not biopsy.
A working theory I have is: the episodes of dizziness (which can last a day or more) seem to occur before a bowl movement. I’m not sure whether it is just a coincidence since the fear might provoke the bowel movement. Is it possible that a back-up of stool is sitting on a nerve or compressing my stomach? I generally have a movement 2 or 3 times per week, and it is not constipated/hard. I eat a diet that is largely pescatarian and mostly healthy.
All blood work has been normal, with the exception of (1) slightly raised bilirubin which has been attributed to Gilbert’s syndrome, (2) slightly raised LDH, (3) raised anticardiolipin IgM. Blood work has included the standard CBC and Metabolic panels, along with ANA, RH factor, cholesterol, insulin, d-dimer, thyroid, Alpha-1 antitrypsin, GGT, Sjogren’s.
Prior medical history: breast cancer treated with lumpectomy in 2016, younger sister and mother passed of non-alcoholic cirrhosis/interstitial lung disease this past year, both also had breast cancer. Mitral valve prolapse with mild aortic root dilation.
If you’ve made it this far, thank you for reading.
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2023.03.25 02:52 FitInvestigator5945 SATIRE RESEARCH NAIJAH CLOVER FROM THE GET GO

4:04AM EST

Horatian: Horatian satire is tolerant, funny, sophisticated witty, wise, self-effacing and aims to correct through humor...
Juvenalian: Juvenalian satire is angry, caustic, personal, relentless, bitter, and serious...
  1. Humor:Exaggeration or overstatement: Something that does happen, but is exaggerated to absurd lengths...

Genre of arts and literature in the form of humor or ridicule

In fiction and less frequently in non-fiction, satire is a genre of literature and performing arts, in which vices, follies, abuses and shor... en.wikipedia.org

Satire is a technique in art and literature that pokes fun at established artistic or cultural norms. Satirists practice their craft for the sake of social criticism, comedy, or, often, both. The different satire genres include spoof, parody, and classic literary satire techniques.

Definition of satire
1: a literary work holding up human vices and follies to ridicule or scorn
2: trenchant wit, irony, or sarcasm used to expose and discredit vice or folly

The Culinary Roots of Satire
Satire came into English at the beginning of the 16th century, and the meaning of the word has not strayed very far from its original sense. The initial uses were primarily applied to poems, and the term now has a broader applicability. Satire has a semantic and etymological overlap with both farce and lampoon. Farce ("a light dramatic composition marked by broadly satirical comedy and improbable plot") came into English as a synonym for forcemeat, meaning "finely chopped and highly seasoned meat or fish that is either served alone or used as a stuffing." Lampoon ("a harsh satire usually directed against an individual") is thought to come from the French lampons!, meaning "let us guzzle!" And satire is believed to trace back to the Latin satur, meaning "well-fed."

Examples of satire in a Sentence
By contrast, Martial's friend, Juvenal, learned to transmute Martial's epigrammatic wit into savage satire. Juvenal's fierce, if occasionally obscene, tirades against immorality fit easily into the propaganda of the new era.
— G. W. Bowersock, New York Review of Books, 26 Feb. 2009
Unlike late-night talk shows that traffic in Hollywood interviews and stupid pet tricks, "The Daily Show" is a fearless social satire. Not many comedy shows would dare do five minutes on the intricacies of medicare or a relentlessly cheeky piece on President George W. Bush's Thanksgiving trip to Iraq …
— Marc Peyser, Newsweek, 29 Dec. 2003 - 5 Jan. 2004

In fiction and less frequently in non-fiction, satire is a genre of literature and performing arts, in which vices, follies, abuses and shortcomings are held up to ridicule, ideally with the intent of shaming individuals, corporations, government, or society itself into improvement.[1] Although satire is usually meant to be humorous, its greater purpose is often constructive social criticism, using wit to draw attention to both particular and wider issues in society.

A feature of satire is strong irony or sarcasm —"in satire, irony is militant", according to literary critic Northrup Frye—[2] but parody, burlesque, exaggeration,[3] juxtaposition, comparison, analogy, and double entendre are all frequently used in satirical speech and writing. This "militant" irony or sarcasm often professes to approve of (or at least accept as natural) the very things the satirist wishes to question.

Satire is nowadays found in many artistic forms of expression, including internet memes, literature, plays, commentary, television shows, and media such as lyrics.

Etymology and roots
The word satire comes from the Latin word satur and the subsequent phrase lanx satura. Satur meant "full" but the juxtaposition with lanx shifted the meaning to "miscellany or medley": the expression lanx satura literally means "a full dish of various kinds of fruits".[4]

The word satura as used by Quintilian, however, was used to denote only Roman verse satire, a strict genre that imposed hexameter form, a narrower genre than what would be later intended as satire.[4][5] Quintilian famously said that satura, that is a satire in hexameter verses, was a literary genre of wholly Roman origin (satura tota nostra est). He was aware of and commented on Greek satire, but at the time did not label it as such, although today the origin of satire is considered to be Aristophanes' Old Comedy. The first critic to use the term "satire" in the modern broader sense was Apuleius.[4]

To Quintilian, the satire was a strict literary form, but the term soon escaped from the original narrow definition. Robert Elliott writes:

As soon as a noun enters the domain of metaphor, as one modern scholar has pointed out, it clamours for extension; and satura (which had had no verbal, adverbial, or adjectival forms) was immediately broadened by appropriation from the Greek word for “satyr” (satyros) and its derivatives. The odd result is that the English “satire” comes from the Latin satura; but "satirize", "satiric", etc., are of Greek origin. By about the 4th century AD the writer of satires came to be known as satyricus; St. Jerome, for example, was called by one of his enemies 'a satirist in prose' ('satyricus scriptor in prosa'). Subsequent orthographic modifications obscured the Latin origin of the word satire: satura becomes satyra, and in England, by the 16th century, it was written 'satyre.'[1]

The word satire derives from satura, and its origin was not influenced by the Greek mythological figure of the satyr.[6] In the 17th century, philologist Isaac Casaubon was the first to dispute the etymology of satire from satyr, contrary to the belief up to that time.[7]

“ The rules of satire are such that it must do more than make you laugh. No matter how amusing it is, it doesn't count unless you find yourself wincing a little even as you chuckle.[8] ”
Laughter is not an essential component of satire;[9] in fact there are types of satire that are not meant to be "funny" at all. Conversely, not all humour, even on such topics as politics, religion or art is necessarily "satirical", even when it uses the satirical tools of irony, parody, and burlesque.

Even light-hearted satire has a serious "after-taste": the organizers of the Ig Nobel Prize describe this as "first make people laugh, and then make them think".[10]

Social and psychological functions
Satire and irony in some cases have been regarded as the most effective source to understand a society, the oldest form of social study.[11] They provide the keenest insights into a group's collective psyche, reveal its deepest values and tastes, and the society's structures of power.[12][13] Some authors have regarded satire as superior to non-comic and non-artistic disciplines like history or anthropology.[11][14][15][16] In a prominent example from ancient Greece, philosopher Plato, when asked by a friend for a book to understand Athenian society, referred him to the plays of Aristophanes.[17][18]

Historically, satire has satisfied the popular need to debunk and ridicule the leading figures in politics, economy, religion and other prominent realms of power.[19] Satire confronts public discourse and the collective imaginary, playing as a public opinion counterweight to power (be it political, economic, religious, symbolic, or otherwise), by challenging leaders and authorities. For instance, it forces administrations to clarify, amend or establish their policies. Satire's job is to expose problems and contradictions, and it's not obligated to solve them.[20] Karl Kraus set in the history of satire a prominent example of a satirist role as confronting public discourse.[21]

For its nature and social role, satire has enjoyed in many societies a special freedom license to mock prominent individuals and institutions.[22] The satiric impulse, and its ritualized expressions, carry out the function of resolving social tension.[23] Institutions like the ritual clowns, by giving expression to the antisocial tendencies, represent a safety valve which re-establishes equilibrium and health in the collective imaginary, which are jeopardized by the repressive aspects of society.[24][25]

The state of political satire in a given society reflects the tolerance or intolerance that characterizes it,[19] and the state of civil liberties and human rights. Under totalitarian regimes any criticism of a political system, and especially satire, is suppressed. A typical example is the Soviet Union where the dissidents, such as Aleksandr Solzhenitsyn and Andrei Sakharov were under strong pressure from the government. While satire of everyday life in the USSR was allowed, the most prominent satirist being Arkady Raikin, political satire existed in the form of anecdotes[26] that made fun of Soviet political leaders, especially Brezhnev, famous for his narrow-mindedness and love for awards and decorations.

Satire is a diverse genre which is complex to classify and define, with a wide range of satiric "modes".[27][28]

Horatian, Juvenalian, Menippean

"Le satire e l'epistole di Q. Orazio Flacco", printed in 1814.
Satirical literature can commonly be categorized as either Horatian, Juvenalian, or Menippean.[29]

Horatian satire, named for the Roman satirist Horace (65–8 BCE), playfully criticizes some social vice through gentle, mild, and light-hearted humour. Horace (Quintus Horatius Flaccus) wrote Satires to gently ridicule the dominant opinions and "philosophical beliefs of ancient Rome and Greece" (Rankin).[30] Rather than writing in harsh or accusing tones, he addressed issues with humor and clever mockery. Horatian satire follows this same pattern of "gently [ridiculing] the absurdities and follies of human beings" (Drury).[31]

It directs wit, exaggeration, and self-deprecating humour toward what it identifies as folly, rather than evil. Horatian satire's sympathetic tone is common in modern society.[32]

A Horatian satirist's goal is to heal the situation with smiles, rather than by anger. Horatian satire is a gentle reminder to take life less seriously and evokes a wry smile.[31] A Horatian satirist makes fun of general human folly rather than engaging in specific or personal attacks. Shamekia Thomas suggests, "In a work using Horatian satire, readers often laugh at the characters in the story who are the subject of mockery as well as themselves and society for behaving in those ways." Alexander Pope has been established as an author whose satire "heals with morals what it hurts with wit" (Green).[33] Alexander Pope—and Horatian satire—attempt to teach.

Examples of Horatian satire:

The Ig Nobel Prizes.
Bierce, Ambrose, The Devil's Dictionary.
Defoe, Daniel, The True-Born Englishman.
The Savoy Operas of Gilbert and Sullivan.
Trollope, Anthony, The Way We Live Now.
Gogol, Nikolai, Dead Souls.
Groening, Matthew "Matt", The Simpsons.
Lewis, Clive Staples, The Screwtape Letters.
Mercer, Richard ‘Rick’, The Rick Mercer Report.
More, Thomas, Utopia
Pope, Alexander, The Rape of the Lock.
Reiner, Rob, This Is Spinal Tap.
Twain, Mark, Adventures of Huckleberry Finn.
Ralston Saul, John, The Doubter's Companion: A Dictionary of Aggressive Common Sense.
See also: Satires of Juvenal
Juvenalian satire, named for the writings of the Roman satirist Juvenal (late first century – early second century AD), is more contemptuous and abrasive than the Horatian. Juvenal disagreed with the opinions of the public figures and institutions of the Republic and actively attacked them through his literature. "He utilized the satirical tools of exaggeration and parody to make his targets appear monstrous and incompetent" (Podzemny).[34] Juvenal's satire follows this same pattern of abrasively ridiculing societal structures. Juvenal also, unlike Horace, attacked public officials and governmental organizations through his satires, regarding their opinions as not just wrong, but evil.

Following in this tradition, Juvenalian satire addresses perceived social evil through scorn, outrage, and savage ridicule. This form is often pessimistic, characterized by the use of irony, sarcasm, moral indignation and personal invective, with less emphasis on humor. Strongly polarized political satire can often be classified as Juvenalian.

A Juvenal satirist's goal is generally to provoke some sort of political or societal change because he sees his opponent or object as evil or harmful.[35] A Juvenal satirist mocks "societal structure, power, and civilization" (Thomas)[36] by exaggerating the words or position of his opponent in order to jeopardize their opponent's reputation and/or power. Jonathan Swift has been established as an author who "borrowed heavily from Juvenal's techniques in [his critique] of contemporary English society" (Podzemny).[34]

Examples of Juvenalian satire:

Barnes, Julian, England, England.
Beatty, Paul, The Sellout.
Bradbury, Ray, Fahrenheit 451.
Brooker, Charlie, Black Mirror.
Bulgakov, Mikhail, Heart of a Dog.
Burgess, Anthony, A Clockwork Orange.
Burroughs, William, Naked Lunch.
Byron, George Gordon, Lord, Don Juan.
Barth, John, The Sot-Weed Factor; or, A Voyage to Maryland,—a satire, in which is described the laws, government, courts, and constitutions of the country, and also the buildings, feasts, frolics, entertainments, and drunken humors of the inhabitants in that part of America.
Ellis, Bret Easton, American Psycho.
Golding, William, Lord of the Flies.
Hall, Joseph, Virgidemiarum.
Heller, Joseph, Catch-22.
Huxley, Aldous, Brave New World.
Johnson, Samuel, London, an adaptation of Juvenal, Third Satire.
Junius, Letters.
Kubrick, Stanley, Dr. Strangelove.
Mencken, HL, Libido for the Ugly.
Morris, Chris, Brass Eye.
———, The Day Today.
Orwell, George, Nineteen Eighty-Four.
Orwell, George, Animal Farm.
Palahniuk, Chuck, Fight Club.
Swift, Jonathan, A Modest Proposal.
Voltaire, Candide.
Zamyatin, Yevgeny, We.
See Menippean satire.

Satire versus teasing
In the history of theatre there has always been a conflict between engagement and disengagement on politics and relevant issue, between satire and grotesque on one side, and jest with teasing on the other.[37] Max Eastman defined the spectrum of satire in terms of "degrees of biting", as ranging from satire proper at the hot-end, and "kidding" at the violet-end; Eastman adopted the term kidding to denote what is just satirical in form, but is not really firing at the target.[38] Nobel laureate satirical playwright Dario Fo pointed out the difference between satire and teasing (sfottò).[39] Teasing is the reactionary side of the comic; it limits itself to a shallow parody of physical appearance. The side-effect of teasing is that it humanizes and draws sympathy for the powerful individual towards which it is directed. Satire instead uses the comic to go against power and its oppressions, has a subversive character, and a moral dimension which draws judgement against its targets.[40][41][42][43] Fo formulated an operational criterion to tell real satire from sfottò, saying that real satire arouses an outraged and violent reaction, and that the more they try to stop you, the better is the job you are doing.[44] Fo contends that, historically, people in positions of power have welcomed and encouraged good-humoured buffoonery, while modern day people in positions of power have tried to censor, ostracize and repress satire.[37][40]

Teasing (sfottò) is an ancient form of simple buffoonery, a form of comedy without satire's subversive edge. Teasing includes light and affectionate parody, good-humoured mockery, simple one-dimensional poking fun, and benign spoofs. Teasing typically consists of an impersonation of someone monkeying around with his exterior attributes, tics, physical blemishes, voice and mannerisms, quirks, way of dressing and walking, and/or the phrases he typically repeats. By contrast, teasing never touches on the core issue, never makes a serious criticism judging the target with irony; it never harms the target's conduct, ideology and position of power; it never undermines the perception of his morality and cultural dimension.[40][42] Sfottò directed towards a powerful individual makes him appear more human and draws sympathy towards him.[45] Hermann Göring propagated jests and jokes against himself, with the aim of humanizing his image.[46][47]

Classifications by topics
Types of satire can also be classified according to the topics it deals with. From the earliest times, at least since the plays of Aristophanes, the primary topics of literary satire have been politics, religion and sex.[48][49][50][51] This is partly because these are the most pressing problems that affect anybody living in a society, and partly because these topics are usually taboo.[48][52] Among these, politics in the broader sense is considered the pre-eminent topic of satire.[52] Satire which targets the clergy is a type of political satire, while religious satire is that which targets religious beliefs.[53] Satire on sex may overlap with blue comedy, off-color humor and dick jokes.

Scatology has a long literary association with satire,[48][54][55] as it is a classical mode of the grotesque, the grotesque body and the satiric grotesque.[48][56] Shit plays a fundamental role in satire because it symbolizes death, the turd being "the ultimate dead object".[54][55] The satirical comparison of individuals or institutions with human excrement, exposes their "inherent inertness, corruption and dead-likeness".[54][57][58] The ritual clowns of clown societies, like among the Pueblo Indians, have ceremonies with filth-eating.[59][60] In other cultures, sin-eating is an apotropaic rite in which the sin-eater (also called filth-eater),[61][62] by ingesting the food provided, takes "upon himself the sins of the departed".[63] Satire about death overlaps with black humor and gallows humor.

Another classification by topics is the distinction between political satire, religious satire and satire of manners.[64] Political satire is sometimes called topical satire, satire of manners is sometimes called satire of everyday life, and religious satire is sometimes called philosophical satire. Comedy of manners, sometimes also called satire of manners, criticizes mode of life of common people; political satire aims at behavior, manners of politicians, and vices of political systems. Historically, comedy of manners, which first appeared in British theater in 1620, has uncritically accepted the social code of the upper classes.[65] Comedy in general accepts the rules of the social game, while satire subverts them.[66]

Another analysis of satire is the spectrum of his possible tones: wit, ridicule, irony, sarcasm, cynicism, the sardonic and invective.[67][68]

The type of humour that deals with creating laughter at the expense of the person telling the joke is called reflexive humour[69].Reflexive humour can take place at dual levels of directing humour at self or at the larger community the self identifies with. The audience's understanding of the context of reflexive humour is important for its receptivity and success [69]. Satire is found not only in written literary forms. In preliterate cultures it manifests itself in ritual and folk forms, as well as in trickster tales and oral poetry.[23]

It appears also in graphic arts, music, sculpture, dance, cartoon strips, and graffiti. Examples are Dada sculptures, Pop Art works, music of Gilbert and Sullivan and Erik Satie, punk and rock music.[23] In modern media culture, stand-up comedy is an enclave in which satire can be introduced into mass media, challenging mainstream discourse.[23] Comedy roasts, mock festivals, and stand-up comedians in nightclubs and concerts are the modern forms of ancient satiric rituals.[23]

Ancient Egypt

The satirical papyrus at the British Museum

Satirical ostracon showing a cat guarding geese, c.1120 BC, Egypt.

Figured ostracon showing a cat waiting on a mouse, Egypt
One of the earliest examples of what we might call satire, The Satire of the Trades,[70] is in Egyptian writing from the beginning of the 2nd millennium BC. The text's apparent readers are students, tired of studying. It argues that their lot as scribes is not only useful, but far superior to that of the ordinary man. Scholars such as Helck[71] think that the context was meant to be serious.

The Papyrus Anastasi I[72] (late 2nd millennium BC) contains a satirical letter which first praises the virtues of its recipient, but then mocks the reader's meagre knowledge and achievements.

Ancient Greece
The Greeks had no word for what later would be called "satire", although the terms cynicism and parody were used. Modern critics call the Greek playwright Aristophanes one of the best known early satirists: his plays are known for their critical political and societal commentary,[73] particularly for the political satire by which he criticized the powerful Cleon (as in The Knights). He is also notable for the persecution he underwent.[73][74][75][76] Aristophanes' plays turned upon images of filth and disease.[77] His bawdy style was adopted by Greek dramatist-comedian Menander. His early play Drunkenness contains an attack on the politician Callimedon.

The oldest form of satire still in use is the Menippean satire by Menippus of Gadara. His own writings are lost. Examples from his admirers and imitators mix seriousness and mockery in dialogues and present parodies before a background of diatribe. As in the case of Aristophanes plays, menippean satire turned upon images of filth and disease.[77]

Roman world
The first Roman to discuss satire critically was Quintilian, who invented the term to describe the writings of Gaius Lucilius. The two most prominent and influential ancient Roman satirists are Horace and Juvenal, who wrote during the early days of the Roman Empire. Other important satirists in ancient Latin are Gaius Lucilius and Persius. Satire in their work is much wider than in the modern sense of the word, including fantastic and highly coloured humorous writing with little or no real mocking intent. When Horace criticized Augustus, he used veiled ironic terms. In contrast, Pliny reports that the 6th-century-BC poet Hipponax wrote satirae that were so cruel that the offended hanged themselves.[78]

In the 2nd century AD, Lucian wrote True History, a book satirizing the clearly unrealistic travelogues/adventures written by Ctesias, Iambulus, and Homer. He states that he was surprised they expected people to believe their lies, and stating that he, like them, has no actual knowledge or experience, but shall now tell lies as if he did. He goes on to describe a far more obviously extreme and unrealistic tale, involving interplanetary exploration, war among alien life forms, and life inside a 200 mile long whale back in the terrestrial ocean, all intended to make obvious the fallacies of books like Indica and The Odyssey.

Medieval Islamic world
Main articles: Arabic satire and Persian satire
Medieval Arabic poetry included the satiric genre hija. Satire was introduced into Arabic prose literature by the author Al-Jahiz in the 9th century. While dealing with serious topics in what are now known as anthropology, sociology and psychology, he introduced a satirical approach, "based on the premise that, however serious the subject under review, it could be made more interesting and thus achieve greater effect, if only one leavened the lump of solemnity by the insertion of a few amusing anecdotes or by the throwing out of some witty or paradoxical observations. He was well aware that, in treating of new themes in his prose works, he would have to employ a vocabulary of a nature more familiar in hija, satirical poetry."[79] For example, in one of his zoological works, he satirized the preference for longer human penis size, writing: "If the length of the penis were a sign of honor, then the mule would belong to the (honorable tribe of) Quraysh". Another satirical story based on this preference was an Arabian Nights tale called "Ali with the Large Member".[80]

In the 10th century, the writer Tha'alibi recorded satirical poetry written by the Arabic poets As-Salami and Abu Dulaf, with As-Salami praising Abu Dulaf's wide breadth of knowledge and then mocking his ability in all these subjects, and with Abu Dulaf responding back and satirizing As-Salami in return.[81] An example of Arabic political satire included another 10th-century poet Jarir satirizing Farazdaq as "a transgressor of the Sharia" and later Arabic poets in turn using the term "Farazdaq-like" as a form of political satire.[82]

The terms "comedy" and "satire" became synonymous after Aristotle's Poetics was translated into Arabic in the medieval Islamic world, where it was elaborated upon by Islamic philosophers and writers, such as Abu Bischr, his pupil Al-Farabi, Avicenna, and Averroes. Due to cultural differences, they disassociated comedy from Greek dramatic representation and instead identified it with Arabic poetic themes and forms, such as hija (satirical poetry). They viewed comedy as simply the "art of reprehension", and made no reference to light and cheerful events, or troubled beginnings and happy endings, associated with classical Greek comedy. After the Latin translations of the 12th century, the term "comedy" thus gained a new semantic meaning in Medieval literature.[83]

Ubayd Zakani introduced satire in Persian literature during the 14th century. His work is noted for its satire and obscene verses, often political or bawdy, and often cited in debates involving homosexual practices. He wrote the Resaleh-ye Delgosha, as well as Akhlaq al-Ashraf ("Ethics of the Aristocracy") and the famous humorous fable Masnavi Mush-O-Gorbeh (Mouse and Cat), which was a political satire. His non-satirical serious classical verses have also been regarded as very well written, in league with the other great works of Persian literature. Between 1905 and 1911, Bibi Khatoon Astarabadi and other Iranian writers wrote notable satires.

Medieval Europe
In the Early Middle Ages, examples of satire were the songs by Goliards or vagants now best known as an anthology called Carmina Burana and made famous as texts of a composition by the 20th-century composer Carl Orff. Satirical poetry is believed to have been popular, although little has survived. With the advent of the High Middle Ages and the birth of modern vernacular literature in the 12th century, it began to be used again, most notably by Chaucer. The disrespectful manner was considered "unchristian" and ignored, except for the moral satire, which mocked misbehaviour in Christian terms. Examples are Livre des Manières by Étienne de Fougères [fr] (~1178), and some of Chaucer's Canterbury Tales. Sometimes epic poetry (epos) was mocked, and even feudal society, but there was hardly a general interest in the genre.

Early modern western satire

Pieter Bruegel's 1568 satirical painting The Blind Leading the Blind.
Direct social commentary via satire returned with a vengeance in the 16th century, when farcical texts such as the works of François Rabelais tackled more serious issues (and incurred the wrath of the crown as a result).

Two major satirists of Europe in the Renaissance were Giovanni Boccaccio and François Rabelais. Other examples of Renaissance satire include Till Eulenspiegel, Reynard the Fox, Sebastian Brant's Narrenschiff (1494), Erasmus's Moriae Encomium (1509), Thomas More's Utopia (1516), and Carajicomedia (1519).

The Elizabethan (i.e. 16th-century English) writers thought of satire as related to the notoriously rude, coarse and sharp satyr play. Elizabethan "satire" (typically in pamphlet form) therefore contains more straightforward abuse than subtle irony. The French Huguenot Isaac Casaubon pointed out in 1605 that satire in the Roman fashion was something altogether more civilised. Casaubon discovered and published Quintilian's writing and presented the original meaning of the term (satira, not satyr), and the sense of wittiness (reflecting the "dishfull of fruits") became more important again. Seventeenth-century English satire once again aimed at the "amendment of vices" (Dryden).

In the 1590s a new wave of verse satire broke with the publication of Hall's Virgidemiarum, six books of verse satires targeting everything from literary fads to corrupt noblemen. Although Donne had already circulated satires in manuscript, Hall's was the first real attempt in English at verse satire on the Juvenalian model.[84][page needed] The success of his work combined with a national mood of disillusion in the last years of Elizabeth's reign triggered an avalanche of satire—much of it less conscious of classical models than Hall's — until the fashion was brought to an
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2023.03.25 02:20 littlex-xbones JNMIL believes I'm faking my disabilities, and lied to me for the last 3 Years.

I do not consent to have my story told/shared anywhere else.
Hey all. Long-time lurker, and I've finally been giving the OK to post here due to JNMIL moving out. A lot has a happened, so I'll give a little context. I've been with DH for 10 Years, we're high school sweethearts. JNMIL and I had a rocky start from the beginning. DH felt suffocated by her and tried to hide our relationship at the start, which we were then found out about due to some… sexual incidents that had both parents involved. So, from the very beginning, she saw me as someone who was leading her baby boy astray and tearing him away from her. We've been at odds ever since, or so I thought.
We both got an apartment around 5 years ago, then after 2 and a half we moved back with his family. I've got 10 years of things I could say here about her behavior, but this is just about the most recent issue that we cannot do anything about due to a family member being involved that we want to keep safe. We can't even confront her about ANY of this because of possible retaliation, at l;east not for another year and a half. Anyway, onto the grit of it.
I started developing major health issues around early 2019, and since then, have been scheduling appointment after appointment. I filled for disability, was successfully approved, and have been trying to manage several medical conditions at once. I am in the process of being diagnosed with MS, as it runs in my family. My neuro is about 99.9% sure I have it, I just need to go in for some MRIs and possibly a spinal tap.
If you don't know anything about MS, (Multiple Sclerosis) It's a harsh disease, and It's taken a lot from me and my family. The ability to walk, use the bathroom, speak, just so many things that pile up on you. The thing about MS is that you can get flare-ups, then be okay for a while. They're called relapses and remission periods. This means some days I need a cane, a wheelchair, or I can move around without either. It just depends, as is the way of MS.
Well, after we moved in about 3 years ago, JNMIL and I agreed to be amicable and start over. By this, I mean my JNMIL approached me with the idea of starting over, forgetting the past and trying to strengthen our relationship with each other. Looking back I realized she never apologized, just told me to move on and start over. I should have known what this would have led too. DH had always been trying to just keep the peace, and begged me over and over to just ignore the things she said, to try to look past it over the years. I knew how we both saw this as a great change, so we took it. He now regrets it, and feels terrible for not putting his foot down sooner. I can't fully blame him, and we've worked through a lot of what she's done to both of us. His spine is finally very shiny, as is mine.
Well, shit blew up the last 2 months with his family. JNMIL is divorcing FIL, who doesn't deserve any of this. She finally moved out, and is now a sweet, sweet 12 hours away from us. It feels like we have some breathing room.
Onto my point. After she began to pack her things, I had heard from some people that apparently, the last 3 years have been A COMPLETE LIE.
She still hates me, and everyone in this house and basically the neighborhood knows she hates my guts. I'm talking, shit talked me as soon as I would leave a room, kind of hate. I would use the bathroom without my cane, and she would immediately make remarks about how funny it was that I didn't need it, and that I was embarrassing for faking a disability for government money. This occurred anytime I entered a room while she was in it. I always had a gut feeling I didn't belong, but I brushed it off due to our history and my anxiety issues. Turns out I was right all along, trust your gut kids. She was one of the people I went to ask if I even SHOULD apply for disability, and she ENCOURAGED IT! Yet here I found out the entire time she never believed me, mocked me behind my back, while we lived in the same house.
The icing on the cake? Apparently, everyone knew but me and DH. Everyone in the house knew how much she hated me, and assumed we knew. Why would we have chosen to live here if she hated me? Why would I or DH subject ourselves to that kind of two—faced treatment? I honestly thought I had truly strengthened my relationship with her. I started to actually see her as a second mother. I cried on her shoulders when my mother was hospitalized and almost died. She promised me I would always have a place in their family, only to find out it was all a fucked up lie??
I'm beyond betrayed, heartbroken, but a part of me isn't even that shocked. DH had a final conversation with her over dinner, to find out more about the divorce, and when he asked about me, all she could say was, "I accepted your choice in partners a long time ago." DH didn't even have the chance to respond because she switched the topic back to herself.
3 years of being lied too, of believing we were doing the right thing and that I finally had a place with her only to be spit on. DH and I are heartbroken, and he's truly done with her, as am I. I guess I just don't know what to do from here on out. At least everyone knows now how much of a terrible person she is. I got an apology from some of DH's family because they all thought I knew. The entire family at least knows now how much of a narcissistic piece of work she is, and she has no one to fall back on. I think it's the only retribution we're getting right now for what she's done. I just feel so stupid for even trying to trust her again. The only solace both DH and I have is that we tried to be the bigger people, and that wasn't enough. Nothing will ever be enough for that vile woman.
I have hundreds of stories about this creature of a woman I might post later, but I just had to get that off my chest. Thank you, if you read through it all, I'm just so exhausted.
submitted by littlex-xbones to JUSTNOMIL [link] [comments]

2023.03.25 01:52 BrilliantTrouble724 How do I execute the following functionality in n the given mongoDB database:Write a query that deletes all patients that have cold as a disease

[ { _id: ObjectId("641e3c070fb20438f24d1659"), firstName: 'Max', lastName: 'Chavan', age: 29, history: [ { disease: 'cold', treatment: 'steam' }, { disease: 'malaria', treatment: 'injection' } ] }, { _id: ObjectId("641e3c3d0fb20438f24d165a"), firstName: 'Aditya', lastName: 'Methe', age: 25, history: [ { disease: 'cancer', treatment: 'none' }, { disease: 'chickengunia', treatment: 'none' } ] }, { _id: ObjectId("641e3c5d0fb20438f24d165b"), firstName: 'Lokesh', lastName: 'Vakhare', age: 25, history: [ { disease: 'fever', treatment: 'medicine' }, { disease: 'chickenpox', treatment: 'injection' } ] } ] 
The above database is a mongoDb database.
I am trying to write a query that deletes all patients that have cold as a disease.
Here is my query,

However I getting the following error:

Uncaught: SyntaxError: Unexpected token (1:26) > 1 db.patient.remove(history.{disease:"cold",treatment:'steam'}) ^ 2 
How do I resolve it?
submitted by BrilliantTrouble724 to mongodb [link] [comments]

2023.03.25 01:49 Only-Hedgehog7133 Prednisone: Reverse Side-Effects? Just curious!

[ 31F ], [ 5'7 ], 210, Caucasian/Asian
Recently I began treatment with prednisone (SID x 7 days) for a Pityriasis Rosea rash. The rash itself has been present since late July; we waited for it to fade on its own, which didn't happen. After this, my provider suggested hydrocortisone cream. I failed to be able to manage the rash with that and thus the prednisone treatment.
All I've ever heard about prednisone is that you're irritable, incredibly hungry and have poor sleep. This is the second time I've used prednisone for a rash, and both times my experience did not reflect what I've heard. Both times I've had INCREDIBLE SLEEP, a solid 8 hours, uninterrupted sleep that actually results in feeling well rested. Maybe it's due to the sleep, or maybe there's just more dopamine or something from the pred but I feel positive. Not anything near manic either, just this warm pleasantness about my mood. And I feel full often, maybe a little bloated at times but I'm certainly nothing close to ravenous. I also know it's a short course, so maybe things would change if it were longer. This I can't know.
I'm genuinely just curious if I'm just lucky/ a fluke or if there's a scientific breakdown on what's happening. Thanks in advance for indulging my curiousity!

Medical "History" Medical issues: chronic headache/migraine disorder, facet join disease in lumbar spine as well as a narrowed canal and some disc issues, ADHD, Major Depressive Disorder, C-PTSD, GERD, pityriasis rosea, uterine fibroids, vaguely elevated ANA, hypercholestremia, hyperlipidemia (latter two WELL managed with medication)
Medications: Bupropion 300mg SID, Lamictal 150mg SID, Venlafaxine 75mg SID, Prednisone \UNKNOWN DOSE] SID x 7 (on day 5)), Rosuvastatin 20mg SID, Risperidone 0.5mg SID
Doctor recommended supplements, Daily: Vitamin D, Fish Oil, Magnesium, CoQ10 Other supplements: biotin, Flintstone's Multi-vitamin
Health Habits: a little healthier eating than Standard American Diet but not necessarily health focused eating, occasional drinker (4 drinks, 1 night a week, occasional smoker, daily marijuana use (Consumption route: pulmonary) used with medical card, daily PT exercises)
submitted by Only-Hedgehog7133 to AskDocs [link] [comments]

2023.03.25 01:33 lenalolicop Extremely anxious about ultrasound appointment

I (20F) have an ultrasound appointment scheduled next week after noticing a goiter (this appeared in november but I did not notice until feb). The GP I saw was very concerned as I also had heart palpitations that would reach from 80-106bpm at just resting.
I had a blood test done which wasn't a full thyroid test and they had given me a vague answer being: mostly everything is in perfect range but not going in detail? I have a family history of graves disease in which my mum had hers removed when I was 5. I have been very anxious for the appointment and what to expect as its nearer each day, I'm terrified it's something worse. Is there anything I should expect to happen?
submitted by lenalolicop to gravesdisease [link] [comments]

2023.03.25 01:04 Chronos-X4 The Mismeasure of (Hu)Man

Originally written for HFY.
From the War Diaries of Xelik Am'Dussias, former Scientist of the Lukonian Empire, translated from Standard Basic into English by Dr. Geraldine Wilcox, PhD...
Humans. I believe the term and the species attached to it need no introduction. They really weren't much to look at over one-hundred cycles ago, when they achieved FTL travel and carved a modest niche for themselves amongst the galactic community at the time. Nobody paid much attention to them, as they were just another newly discovered sentient race graciously invited to join our ever expanding Federation... we were gravely mistaken.
Humans are bipedal mammalians evolved from apes. They have no claws, distill no venom or poison, their physical strength is middling bordering on average at best, and their lifespans are pitifully short compared to most other races. Given the right conditions, an average human can live over ninety standard Terran years. A handful among them have lived to see their hundredth year (fewer still have lived beyond that), but these are exceptions rather than the norm. Moreover, most humans are hopelessly tired and infirm by the time they reach old age. Several among them suffer from a degenerative disease wherein their brain gradually shrivels up and dies, leaving the patient as a barely recognizable husk of their former self. I believe their medics call it "Alzheimer's"... but I digress.
As I approach the one-thousand and twelfth year of my life, I've come to realize I've been gravely mistaken about a great many things. However, grievous as those mistakes were, none troubles me more than the one I made regarding humans. Now that I think about it, it was only fitting a human would show me the error of my ways, all while not having the foggiest idea of what he'd done.
I was stationed on Terra, the humans' homeworld, some twenty cycles ago. My race, the Ailurans, ever proud of our strength and battle prowess, sought to expand our territories beyond the so-called pittance the Galactic Federation originally allotted us. Therefore, our leaders, in their infinite wisdom, decided to take Terra for themselves.
This wasn't some spur-of-the-moment thing, either. We'd been sending ambassadors, exchange students, and countless others to conduct spywork on our behalf. We infiltrated the highest ranking positions of human leadership, gathered data as we prepared for that glorious day where we would stab them in the back, to borrow a Terran idiom. We took every advantage we could get over our hosts. Not that it was particularly difficult, either. They revealed a little too much about themselves, their species, their blood-soaked history...
Our quarry was basically doing our job for us. So much the better...
The day finally came. As per our strategists' estimations, we sent a fleet of about a hundred-thousand ships to invade Terra. Their weaponry being primitive compared to ours, we envisioned an easy victory, to say the least. Gods above, how quickly we were proven wrong.
The moment our ships entered Terran space, they were disabled by some sort of "magnetic" waves, to quote one of their scientists. In a matter of microseconds, the newest, most powerful warships of the Grand Lukonian Armada were rendered inert, useless, as dead as our revered ancestors.
We next received a transmission from their main outpost. I expected them to use English or any of the numberless languages Terrans speak. My fur stood on end when the speaker, a dark-skinned male, addressed us in crisp Thelousian.
"{Greetings, dear friends. What brings you to our doorstep on such a fine day?}."
I growled out loud. The cheek of that oversized ape! I was about to speak, but the human cut me off.
"{We've known about your little scheme for well over a century. Turns out you cat folk become quite chatty after a coupla drinks. Even so, your so-called spies didn't need much coaxing to participate in our little show-and-tell. Once more good old Nepeta cataria has saved the day. Anyhow, my superiors will soon be meeting with you to discuss your unconditional surrender. Have a nice day}."
End transmission. Too little, too late did we realize: just as we had infiltrated the humans and gathered data on them, the humans had done the same to us. Once they caught wind (another Terran expression) of what we were doing, they said nothing, continuing their preparations in utmost secrecy for well over a hundred Terran years. When the day of truth dawned, they only needed to press a couple of buttons to render our best war machines completely useless. The shame, the ignominy of it all...
We were swiftly and unceremoniously apprehended. I was but a breath away from falling down on my laser-sword when a gargantuan human hand forestalled my own. It was him: the human who had spoken to us. He looked bigger in person... much bigger. I'm tall for my species, yet he was only slightly shorter than me.
I vividly recollect what happened next. Once we were taken to their prison camps, I and mine braced ourselves for what was sure to follow: torture, starvation, forced labor, then execution once we had outlived our usefulness... yet none of that happened. The humans saw to it we were treated as guests, with the utmost kindness and consideration, quite remarkable, all things considered. They freely shared their victuals (not that we could partake of most of them, on account of all that sugar and capsaicin). Overtime, we came to emulate their dress, their customs, even their ways of thinking.
I will never forget as long as I live, just as I will never forget him: Anthony Kwesi Martin; the human who gave me back my life. Being what he called a "man of science," Anthony naturally gravitated towards one of his own, as he referred to me. I barely managed to subdue my outrage: that overgrown ape had the audacity to compare himself, his race, to me, to my own! He then did the unthinkable: he showed me around his workshop. Gods above, what a mess! One could barely walk from Point A to Point B without bumping into something or tripping over something. I stifled a chuckle in time. I'd seen cubs' quarters better organized than this.
Searching around the piles, Anthony produced several among his inventions. One in particular caught my eye.
"What is this strange liquid within that flask?"
"Oh, this? Experimental compound, work in progress. I'll tell you about the technical aspects later on, but suffice it to say it's gonna be a lifesaver."
"A lifesaver?"
"We humans have been terrible stewards for our blue planet, to put it mildly. Some of our ancestors were so thoughtless and greedy, I can only wonder how we managed to not wipe out ourselves and Earth in the process. They created materials from a substance called "plastic," which for all intents and purposes is imperishable, indestructible, even. They began to mass-produce and discard these objects without thought of consequence, so we found ourselves drowning in them in a matter of decades. We reached our breaking point some four centuries ago, when temperatures skyrocketed to such extent, we were literally suffocating within our own atmosphere. Also, some kind of pathogen was wreaking havoc at the time. I can't quite recall its name, but I know it started with C. Anyhow, we managed to clean up most of our mess before we reached the point of no return, but there's still a lot of work to be done. That substance I just showed you is an experimental acid. Once it's complete, it will eat through plastic, metal, wood, and other synthetic materials, dissolve them into their most basic compounds to better dispose of them. This is just a cursory explanation, mind you. I'll fill you in on the details after supper."
Thus it began. Rather than cease hostilities, our leaders declared all-out war against humanity. Billions of casualties and hundreds of thousands of ravaged worlds later, it has come to an end. The once mighty Lukonian Empire is now less than a husk of what it used to be. Not that I care: not really... not anymore. I and several others have long since sworn other allegiances.
I have Anthony to thank for that. I learned more during those seventy-odd years with him than in all the centuries before and since. How he would throw himself into his work! How he would explain the most complicated concepts in the most simple and accurate way possible so that pretty much anyone from a child to a sage could comprehend! The insights he would share, the ideas he would come up with! Even his fellow humans were in awe of him.
Anthony explained the source of this "power" quite succinctly. His brain was "wired" differently from most other humans: his intelligence and mental dexterity were at their peak, yet his ability to comprehend and act upon something called "social cues" was hampered. He called it a funny name... Asparagus Syndrome, if I'm not mistaken...
His body... gods in the twilight. I'll never know how Anthony carried out all that work and still found time to exercise so completely and so thoroughly. It's been centuries, and I can still recall the contours of his form lying in bed, the acrid smell of what humans call "aftershave," which clung to him after bathing.
I'm not ashamed to admit it: I fell in love with a human, a male, to top it off. I turned my back on my people, my gods, my house, my mate, my cubs, my station, my honor, all for the sake of him. Given the chance, I'd gladly do it all over again. You're welcome to pass judgement, condemn me, skewer me with every curse and foul epithet your language can concoct: I'm long past caring.
My dearest Anthony passed on over five-hundred Terran years ago, and I still think about him. To this day I imagine him explaining a concept I have yet to grasp, caressing my fur as we bask in our afterglow, my claws gliding over him as he falls asleep... again, I digress.
Anthony was special. No other human, no other being could imitate him, let alone replace him. He taught me to look beyond what my eyes could see, to open my heart and mind to the unthinkable, the impossible, the mirific. Through my beloved I learned what I esteem to be the most important lesson of my life: it's one thing to know of humans as a race or as groups, yet to know of one human like one knows oneself, that's something else entirely. I knew Anthony at his best, just as I knew him at his worst. After all this time, as my own death approaches and the day of our reunion nears, I still recall one of the first things he said to me:
"My race isn't easy to like, let alone love. There's centuries of history to vouch for that. Even so, expect bewilderment whenever you deal with me and my kind. The things we do and the things we say won't always be right, but they won't always be wrong, either. Hell, they won't even make sense most of the time, but we'll do them, we'll say them anyway. Every moment, every instance is a chance to grow, an opportunity to learn from, to do better, to be better. That has been my experience. I intend to make the most of it."
submitted by Chronos-X4 to humansarespaceorcs [link] [comments]

2023.03.25 00:32 AssistanceRegular382 Dog diagnosed with Babesiosis, anemia worsened 4 days after starting treatment

Species: Dog
Age: 1 year 11 months
Sex/Neuter status: neutered
Breed: Border Collie
Body weight: 20kg
Clinical signs: Fever, lethargy, red urine, pale gums, slightly wobbly movement
Your general location: Eastern Europe
(Test results below)
Despite numerious anti-parasite measures, dog got ticks. We found and removed them while they were still very small, I'd estimate max 1-2 days based on pictures I've seen online.
A few days later:
On the day of 20th:
My dog was lethargic had a very high fever of 41.5C. We took him to the vet immediately, where blood work was done which indicated anemia, the veterinarian determined canine babesiosis as the diagnosis.
These are the blood work results from that day:
WBC - 4.1 x 109/L
Lymph# - 1.0 x 109/L
Mon# - 0.1 x 109/L
Gran# - 3.0 x 109/L
Lymph% - 23.7%
Mon% - 3.1%
Gran% - 73.2%
RBC - 4.66 x 1012/L
HGB - 109 g/L
HCT - 33.1%
MCV - 71.1 fL
MCH - 23.3 pg
MCHC - 329 g/L
RDW - 11.2%
PLT - 28 x 109/L
MPV - 7.9 fL
PDW - 17.6
PCT - 0.022%
The veterinarian administered the antidote for babesiosis. After the antidote, the fever came back the next day, after the antithermic medication expired, but went away completely on the second day. I observed red urine during this time.
The following 3 days, the dog received antibiotics treatment through pills (Doxybactin) at home, as well as other pills like Hepatiale and Hemovet. During this time, the dog was eating decently well (but not as well as normal). Urine returned to normal color, and stool was normal although slightly yellow-orange coloured, probably from antibiotics.
The dog showed general signs of improvement. Still lethargic, but started barking/wanted to play, but could not because he was too tired/weak.
On the 24th, the lethargy was slightly higher than normal, and showed less interest in food, and I noticed his gums were very pale so we went back to the veterinarian ASAP.
A 4DX test was done that came out negative for everything, and another set of blood work was done:
WBC - 19.2 x 109/L
Lymph# - 5.1 x 109/L
Mon# - 0.7 x 109/L
Gran# - 13.4 x 109/L
Lymph% - 26.6%
Mon% - 3.4%
Gran% - 70.0%
RBC - 2.83 x 1012/L
HGB - 69 g/L
HCT - 21.9%
MCV - 77.6 fL
MCH - 24.3 pg
MCHC - 315 g/L
RDW - 14.5%
PLT - 232 x 109/L
MPV - 10.6 fL
PDW - 16.9
PCT - 0.245%
The HCT value is now 21.9%, which is lower than on the first day we came in, which is very worrying.
I also have biochemistry results from the first day, if those are helpful.
The veterinarian recommended we admit the dog to receive IV fluids and to be monitored overnight. They don't know what else it could be, and said it could be a delayed reaction to the babesia antidote, and the worsened anemia is caused by the immune system still fighting the infection.
The way I've seen this vet clinic handle itself doesn't give me a great deal of confidence. I was thinking tomorrow morning, if the dog's sitation is the same or worse, I'd move her to a different, more well-rated and well-equipped vet hospital. I feel completely powerless and have no idea what to do, if a disease timeline like this is normal or not. Any advice would help
submitted by AssistanceRegular382 to AskVet [link] [comments]