Colony pub and grill erie pa
Straight Line Stitch
2013.08.16 06:30 AlexisBrownRules Straight Line Stitch
Subreddit for Redditor Fans of female fronted, badass metalcore band, Straight Line Stitch.
2023.05.29 14:37 Zealousideal_Virus97 Suggestions for itinerary mid June
Tickets bought, rooms booked, car rental complete. Heading to Pacific City for 2 nights and Yachats for one night. Landing at PDX at 9:30 and plan to head over to Cannon Beach and explore areas as we head south to Pacific City.
We are interested in hikes, casual towns, relaxing sights and good local food, coffee, beer, live music, farmers markets and unusual iconic spots.
Hikes we pulled from ChatGPT:
- Cape Kiwanda Trail
- Cascade Head Trail
- Sandlake Trail
- Nestucca River Trail
- Cape Perpetua Trail
- Amanda's Trail
- Cummins Creek Trail
- Oregon Coast Trail
Since we can only do a hike a day what do you think we should consider a priority?
We have a nice dinner Monday night but any Recs on casual spots?
Anything that is seasonally happening around these areas in mid June?
We’d like to explore north on Sun when we land. Is it safe to park car with luggage in Cannon beach? Suggestions on that arrival day given an 1:45hr drive down to PC? We’d like to see Cannon/ Tillmook
Any help would be greatly appreciated.
More ChatGPT suggestions:
Pacific City Casual dining spots:
- Pelican Pub & Brewery
- Stimulus Coffee + Bakery
- Grateful Bread Bakery & Restaurant
- The Oar House Bar & Grill
Other dining options:
Here are some great dining options around Pacific City and Yachats, Oregon:
- The Schooner Restaurant and Lounge - located in Netarts Bay, near Pacific City. They serve seafood and classic American dishes with stunning views of the bay.
- Grateful Bread Bakery and Restaurant - located in Pacific City, they serve baked goods, sandwiches, and soups. The bakery is known for their fresh bread and delicious pastries.
- The Drift Inn - located in Yachats, they serve a variety of dishes made with fresh, local ingredients. They often feature live music, making it a popular spot for locals and tourists alike.
- Luna Sea Fish House - located in Yachats, they serve seafood caught locally and prepared in a variety of ways. They also have vegetarian and gluten-free options.
- Pelican Brewing Company - located in Pacific City, they serve a range of beers along with their pub menu, which features seafood, burgers, and sandwiches.
submitted by Zealousideal_Virus97
to OregonCoast [link] [comments]
2023.05.29 06:03 Metal_Florida May 29: North/Central Florida concert and festival picks.
Please note that the ticket links are usually for general admission; for VIP tickets, if available, you may have to go to the band's website. Monday, May 29, 2023
Tuesday, May 30, 2023
|The Dood, Nibiru, The Heavens, Oakflesh ||High Dive - Gainesville |
|Fromjoy, Corpse Pile, Manifest in Filth ||1904 Music Hall - Jacksonville |
Friday, Jun 2, 2023
|Madeline Goldstein, More Ephermal, Donzii ||Will's Pub - Orlando |
Saturday, Jun 3, 2023
|Attack Attack!, Traitors, Belmont ||Conduit - Winter Park |
|Currents, Like Moths To Flames, Foreign Hands ||Orpheum - Tampa |
|Summer Salt, The Rare Occasions, Addison Grace ||The Abbey - Orlando |
Sunday, Jun 4, 2023
|Attack Attack!, Traitors, Belmont ||Orpheum - Tampa |
|Not Promised Tomorrow, Get out of Nashville, Forged with Blood ||Pegasus - Tampa |
|Screaming at the Silence, Auditory Armory, Orchestra in Black ||Conduit - Winter Park |
|M.99, Shadow the Earth, FILTH ||O'Malleys Alley - Ocala |
|Peace Cult, Sistamatic, Deux Visages ||Stardust Video & Coffee - Orlando |
|SCHISM, New Divide, Humanity Gone ||OCC Road House & Museum - Clearwater |
Monday, Jun 5, 2023
|Ugly Kid Joe, Fozzy ||Jannus - St. Petersburg |
Tuesday, Jun 6, 2023
|Rhapsody on Fire, Wind Rose, Seven Kingdoms ||Conduit - Winter Park |
Wednesday, Jun 7, 2023
|Dying Whale, Dead Register, Moth Bite, The Path ||Born Free Pub & Grill - Tampa |
|Heart Attack Man, Super American, Arm's Length ||The Abbey - Orlando |
Thursday, Jun 8, 2023 Friday, Jun 9, 2023
|Mike's Dead, The Haunt ||Level 13 - Orlando |
|Within Chaos, Eyes Sewn Shut, Automatik Fit ||Jack Rabbits - Jacksonville |
|Jameson Tank, Parks & Razz, Outer Edge Band ||1904 Music Hall - Jacksonville |
Saturday, Jun 10, 2023
|Grass is Dead, The Coppertones ||Underbelly - Jacksonville |
Sunday, Jun 11, 2023
|Halo Scars, Mind Virus, Cypher Machine, Re-Birth ||Brass Mug - Tampa |
|Maul, Tombstoner, Plasmodulated ||Conduit - Winter Park |
|Downswing, Falsifier, Bottomfeeders ||Manna Tea & Kava Bar - Sarasota |
Monday, Jun 12, 2023
|My Children My Bride, Extortionist, No Cure ||Conduit - Winter Park |
|Bury Your Dead, Thirst, Edict ||Tipsy Tiki - Fort Pierce |
Tuesday, Jun 13, 2023 Wednesday, Jun 14, 2023
|Maul, Tombstoner ||Brass Mug - Tampa |
|Spotlights, Skyliner, The Darling Fire ||Jack Rabbits - Jacksonville |
Thursday, Jun 15, 2023
|Drain, Drug Church, Magnitude, Gel ||Brass Mug - Tampa |
|Halocene, Lauren Babic, Alphamega ||Level 13 - Orlando |
|The Convalescence, Summoner's Circle ||Jack Rabbits - Jacksonville |
|pulses., With Sails Ahead, I Met A Yeti ||Will's Pub - Orlando |
Friday, Jun 16, 2023
|Halocene, Lauren Babic, Alphamega ||Jack Rabbits - Jacksonville |
Saturday, Jun 17, 2023
|Roxx, Re-Birth, Cyber Machine, Haloscars ||Conduit - Winter Park |
|Hollow Leg, Clamfight, Moat Cobra ||Will's Pub - Orlando |
|Every Avenue, Makeout, Say We Can Fly ||Orpheum - Tampa |
Sunday, Jun 18, 2023
|Crossbreed, Cultus Black, Cypher machine, Davey Partain ||Orpheum - Tampa |
|Defy the Tyrant, Losing Daylight, Shadow the Earth ||Kona Skate Park - Jacksonville |
|Breed, Gillian Carter, Audible Parts ||Will's Pub - Orlando |
Wednesday, Jun 21, 2023 Thursday, Jun 22, 2023 Friday, Jun 23, 2023
|Crossbreed, Cultus Black, NoSelf, The Dev ||Level 13 - Orlando |
|Bodybox, No Zodiac, High Pressure ||Conduit - Winter Park |
|Dikembe, Camp Trash, Glazed ||Will's Pub - Orlando |
Saturday, Jun 24, 2023 Sunday, Jun 25, 2023
|Dream Theater, Devin Townsend, Animals As Leaders ||Hard Rock Live - Orlando |
Monday, June 26, 2023
|No/Mas, Knoll, Shock ||Conduit - Winter Park |
Tuesday, Jun 27, 2023
|We Are the Union, Kill Lincoln, Catbite ||The Social - Orlando |
|No/Mas, Knoll ||Orpheum - Tampa |
Wednesday, Jun 28, 2023
|Yungblud, The Regrettes, Caspr ||Jannus - St. Petersburg |
Thursday, Jun 29, 2023
|D.R.I., Metalriser ||Underbelly - Jacksonville |
|Peter Frampton ||St. Augustine Amphitheatre |
Saturday, Jul 1, 2023
|The Cure ||Amalie Arena - Tampa |
|D.R.I., Metalriser ||Will's Pub - Orlando |
Sunday, Jul 2, 2023
|D.R.I., Metalriser ||Brass Mug - Tampa |
|Liliac, Fortune Child ||The Twisted Fork - Port Charlotte |
Thursday, Jul 6, 2023 Friday, Jul 7, 2023
|Godflesh ||Conduit - Winter Park |
Saturday, Jul 8, 2023
|Sad Summer Festival ||Coachman Park - Clearwater |
|Subdivisions, Violence System, The Fallen Sons ||Jack Rabbits - Jacksonville |
Sunday, Jul 9, 2023
|Memphis May Fire, Norma Jean, Secrets ||The Beacham - Orlando |
Monday, Jul 10, 2023
|Memphis May Fire, Norma Jean, Secrets ||High Dive - Gainesville |
Tuesday, Jul 11, 2023
|blink-182, Turnstile ||Amalie Arena - Tampa |
|Orthodox, Cell, Chamber ||Crowbar - Tampa |
Wednesday, Jul 12, 2023
|Analepsy, Cognitive, Wormhole, Nectoricgorebeast ||Conduit - Winter Park |
Thursday, Jul 13, 2023
|Analepsy, Cognitive, Wormhole, Nectoricgorebeast ||Crowbar - Tampa |
Friday, Jul 14, 2023
|Staind ||Seminole Hard Rock - Tampa |
Saturday, Jul 15, 2023
|Staind ||Hard Rock Live - Orlando |
Monday, Jul 17, 2023
|Obituary ||Brass Mug - Tampa |
Tuesday, Jul 18, 2023
|Cenotaph, Horrific Visions, Architectural Genocide ||Conduit - Winter Park |
Friday, Jul 21, 2023
|Agents of Chaos, Black Clash ||Jack Rabbits - Jacksonville |
Saturday, Jul 22, 2023
|Joan Jett & the Blackhearts, Bryan Adams ||Amalie Arena - Tampa |
|Mudvayne, Coal Chamber, Gwar, Nonpoint, Butcher Babies ||MIDFLORIDA Credit Union Amphitheatre - Tampa |
|The Final Sound, Abbey Death, Layne Lyre ||New World Music Hall - Tampa |
|Yosemite In Black, Endbringer, Murder Afloat ||Orpheum - Tampa |
Sunday, Jul 23, 2023
|Yellowcard, Mayday Parade, Story of the Year ||Daily's Place Amphitheatre - Jacksonville |
|Less Than Jake, Voodoo Glow Skulls, Devon Kay & the Solutions ||House of Blues - Orlando |
|Rising Up Angry, Tragic, Legions Blind ||Kona Skate Park - Jacksonville |
Tuesday, Jul 25, 2023
|Yellowcard, Mayday Parade, Story of the Year ||Yuengling Center - Tampa |
|Endbringer, Yosemite In Black, Heavy Hitter ||1904 Music Hall - Jacksonville |
Thursday, Jul 27, 2023
|Fall Out Boy, Bring Me The Horizon, Royal & The Serpent ||MIDFLORIDA Credit Union Amphitheatre - Tampa |
Friday, Jul 28, 2023
|Havok, Toxic Holocaust, I AM, Hammerhedd ||Conduit - Winter Park |
Saturday, Jul 29, 2023
|Between the Buried and Me, Rivers of Nihil, Thank you Scientist ||Jannus - St. Petersburg |
|Round Eye, No Fraud, Caffiends ||Will's Pub - Orlando |
Sunday, Jul 30, 2023
|Between the Buried and Me, Rivers of Nihil, Thank you Scientist ||Beacham - Orlando |
|Southpaw, Highest Crown, Fortitude, Dead Mirrors ||Born Free - Tampa |
Thursday, Aug 3, 2023
|Crobot, Rickshaw, Billie's Burger Patrol ||Orpheum - Tampa |
Saturday, Aug 5, 2023
|Underoath, The Ghost Inside, We Came As Romans ||Yuengling Center - Tampa |
Sunday, Aug 6, 2023
|Disturbed, Breaking Benjamin ||MIDFLORIDA Credit Union Amphitheatre - Tampa |
|Underoath, The Ghost Inside, We Came As Romans ||St. Augustine Amphitheatre |
|Sanguisugabogg, Kruelty, Vomit Forth ||Conduit - Winter Park |
Wednesday, Aug 9, 2023
|The Queers, The Radio Buzzkills, The Jasons ||Jack Rabbits - Jacksonville |
Friday, Aug 11, 2023
|Pyrexia, Cerebral Incubation, Atoll ||Conduit - Winter Park |
Sunday, Aug 13, 2023
|The All-American Rejects, New Found Glory, The Starting Line ||MIDFLORIDA Credit Union Amphitheatre - Tampa |
|Black Flag ||High Dive - Gainesville |
Wednesday, Aug 16, 2023
|Alesana, Vampires Everywhere, Limbs ||Level 13 - Orlando |
Saturday, Aug 19, 2023
|The Offspring, Sum 41, Simple Plan ||MIDFLORIDA Credit Union Amphitheatre - Tampa |
|hed p.e., Lydia can't Breathe, Razorz Edge ||Jack Rabbits - Jacksonville |
Sunday, Aug 20, 2023
|Left to Suffer, Distant, Justice for the Damned ||Conduit - Winter Park |
Tuesday, Aug 22, 2023
|The Smashing Pumpkins, Interpol, Rival Sons ||MIDFLORIDA Credit Union Amphitheatre - Tampa |
Wednesday, Aug 23, 2023
|The Mezingers ||Underbelly - Jacksonville |
Thursday, Aug 24, 2023
|Bless The Fall, Caskets, Kingdom of Giants ||Orpheum - Tampa |
Saturday, Aug 26, 2023
|Clutch, Giovanni & The Hired Guns, Mike Dillon ||Jannus - St. Petersburg |
Wednesday, Aug 30, 2023 Thursday, Aug 31, 2023 Saturday, Sep 2, 2023 Sunday, Sep 3, 2023
|Rob Zombie, Alice Cooper, Ministry ||MIDFLORIDA Credit Union Amphitheatre - Tampa |
Tuesday, Sep 5, 2023
|Spitalfield, Rookie of the Year, The Future Perfect ||Conduit - Winter Park |
Wednesday, Sep 6, 2023 Friday, Sep 8, 2023
|Bad Omens, ERRA, I See Stars ||Jannus - St. Petersburg |
Saturday, Sep 9, 2023 Sunday, Sep 10, 2023
|The Waning Moon, Palace of Tears, Rux Vendetta ||Hooch & Hive - Tampa |
Wednesday, Sep 13, 2023
|Angelmaker, Vulvodynia, Flasifier ||Conduit - Orlando |
Friday, Sep 15, 2023 Sunday, Sep 17, 2023
|3 Doors Down, Candlebox ||Daily's Place Amphitheatre - Jacksonville |
|Dance Gavin Dance, SiM, Rain City Drive ||Hard Rock Live - Orlando |
Tuesday, Sep 19, 2023
|Avenged Sevenfold, Falling in Reverse ||MIDFLORIDA Credit Union Amphitheatre - Tampa |
|Wave to Earth, slchld ||Orpheum - Tampa |
Thursday, Sep 21, 2023
|Scowl, Militarie Gun, MSPAINT ||Conduit - Winter Park |
Friday, Sep 22, 2023
|Scowl, Militarie Gun, MSPAINT ||1904 Music Hall - Jacksonville |
Sunday, Sep 25, 2023
|Cavalera Conspiracy, Exhumed, Incite ||Beacham - Orlando |
Friday, Sep 29, 2023
|The Red Jumpsuit Apparatus ||High Dive - Gainesville |
Saturday, Sep 30, 2023
|CIRCLE JERKS, TSOL, Negative Approach ||Underbelly - Jacksonville |
|Shinedown, Papa Roach, Spiritbox ||MIDFLORIDA Credit Union Amphitheatre - Tampa |
Thursday, Oct 5-7, 2023 Tuesday, Oct 10, 2023
|NOFX ||Vinoy Park - St. Petersburg |
|Flogging Molly, The Bronx ||House of Blues - Orlando |
Wednesday, Oct 11, 2023
|Ne Obliviscaris, Beyond Creation, Persefone ||Orpheum - Tampa |
Saturday, Oct 14, 2023
|Ne Obliviscaris, Beyond Creation, Persefone ||Conduit - Winter Park |
|Fit For a King, The Devil Wears Prada, Counterparts, Landmvrks ||The Ritz - Tampa |
Sunday, Oct 15, 2023
|Beast in Black, Dance with the Dead ||Orpheum - Tampa |
|Fame on Fire, Kingdom Collapse ||The Social - Orlando |
Tuesday, Oct 17, 2023
|Beast in Black, Dance with the Dead ||Conduit - Winter Park |
|Motionless In White, Knocked Loose, After the Burial, Alpha Wolf ||Hard Rock Live - Orlando |
Wednesday, Oct 18, 2023
|Atilla, Gideon, Until I Wake, Ten56 ||Underbelly - Jacksonville |
Friday, Oct 27-29, 2023 Tuesday, Nov 7, 2023
|Atilla, Gideon, Until I Wake, Ten56 ||Orpheum - Tampa |
Wednesday, Nov 8, 2023
|Protest the Hero, Moontooth ||The Abbey - Orlando |
Friday, Jan 24, 2024
|Protest the Hero, Moontooth ||Orpheum - Tampa |
|Kansas ||Florida Theatre - Jacksonville |
submitted by Metal_Florida
to floridarockcommunity [link] [comments]
2023.05.29 02:57 TTLAAJ Waco Events - Week of 5/27
Event Links - here
- Reddit randomly blacklists certain URLs, some of which come up with events, and that causes these posts to get removed without explanation. It is not feasible to figure out why so a separate page with links for details, if desired, is available.
Monday - 5/29
- 11:00 AM - Fish City Grill - Memorial Day at Fish City Grill and Half Shells
- 6:00 PM - Taqueria Mexicano Bar & Grill - Open mic night with Michael Saldana
- 7:15 PM - Bicycle World Waco - Monday Night Lights Mountain Bike Ride
- 7:30 PM - Lakeside Bar & Live Music - Trivia
- 8:00 PM - Stay Classy - Open Mic Night
Tuesday - 5/30
- 8:00 AM - Crying Shame - Towne Tuesday Open Mic
- 5:00 PM
- Hemingway's Watering Hole - Cocktails with Jen!
- Stay Classy - Dave Innis’s Tuesday Night Piano Happy Hour
- 6:00 PM - Art Center Waco - Of Warm Impermanence: Nathan Clark and Vy Ngo Exhibition
- 7:00 PM
- Crying Shame Bar - Songwriter night with Towne Adams
- Southern Roots - Smarty Pints Trivia
- Waco Ale Company - Music Bingo
- 8:00 PM - Dancing Bear Pub - Booze Clues
Wednesday - 5/31
- 9:00 AM - Startup Waco - The Meetup @ Startup Waco
- 10:00 AM - East Waco Library - Free One-on-One Job Skills Training
- 5:00 PM - Stay Classy - Cen-Tex Hispanic Chamber of Commerce Office Hours, After Hours
- 6:00 PM
- Art Center Waco - Of Warm Impermanence: Nathan Clark and Vy Ngo Exhibition
- Bare Arms Brewing - Trivia
- Lounge '93 - Jon Fox
- 6:45 PM - Southern Roots - Waco Run Club
- 7:00 PM
- Brotherwell Brewing - Music Bingo
- Last Chance Bar - Open Mic Night with James Hollingsworth
- 7:30 PM - Freight Bar - Name That Tune Music Bingo
- 8:00 PM
- Hemingway's Watering Hole - Witty Wednesday BuzzTime Trivia
- Stay Classy - Central Texas Jazz Society Jazz Jam with Chuck Jennings Quartet
Thursday - 6/1
- All Day - Extraco Events Center - Texas Ranger Bicentennial BBQ Cookoff & Concerts
- 10:00 AM - South Waco Library - Free One-on-One Job Skills Training
- 5:00 PM - Stay Classy - Piano Happy Hour with Dave Innis
- 6:00 PM
- Art Center Waco - Of Warm Impermanence: Nathan Clark and Vy Ngo Exhibition
- The Tipsy Lion Bar & Grill - Open mic night with Lucas Jon Turner
- 7:00 PM
- Brotherwell Brewing - Trivia
- Clicks Billiards - Darts Tournament
- Old Chicago Pizza + Taproom - Touch of Grey
- Sul Ross Senior Center - Ragland Country Band - Boot Scootin’ Dance Club
- Texas Music Cafe - Songwriter night with Jonna Mae
- The Backyard - Songwriter Thursday
- Truelove Bar - Trivia
- 7:30 PM - Indian Spring Park - Shakespeare in the Park: Julius Caesar
Friday - 6/2
- All Day - Extraco Events Center - Texas Ranger Bicentennial BBQ Cookoff & Concerts
- 5:00 PM
- Bonds Alley - Bond's Alley Art Festival and Gospel Jubilee
- Sistrunk Fine Art Gallery - Frank Exum (guitar)
- Sistrunk Fine Art Gallery - “The Things That Are Lovely” by Dorrie Ann Cobb
- Valley Mills Vineyards - Crawfish Boil
- 6:00 PM
- Art Center Waco - Of Warm Impermanence: Nathan Clark and Vy Ngo Exhibition
- The Backyard - John Dempsy
- 7:00 PM
- Hilton Waco - Greg Bashara and Evan Klaras (jazz)
- Schoepf's Bbq - Jason Eady with Matt Castillo, St. Mary’s Catholic School (Temple) benefit show
- Tokio Store - James Hollingsworth
- 7:30 PM
- Indian Spring Park - Shakespeare in the Park: Julius Caesar
- The Hippodrome - Fleetwood X: A Tribute to Fleetwood Mac
- 8:00 PM
- 207 W Commerce St - J.D. Johnson
- Bare Bones BBQ - William Beckmann
- Blue Dog Wine & Martini Bar - Markus Miller
- Smiley's Night Club - Los Pecadores Del Rio Conchos, La Alizana Norteña
Saturday - 6/3
- 9:00 AM - Redwood Shelter - Waco Run Club
- 12:00 PM - Barnett's Pub - Reverend Nathon
- 6:00 PM - Art Center Waco - Of Warm Impermanence: Nathan Clark and Vy Ngo Exhibition
- 6:30 PM - Pivovar - Touch of Grey
- 7:00 PM - Dr Pepper Museum - Dr Pepper Paranormal Experience
- 7:30 PM
- Brazos Theatre - Improv's a Beach comedy show - Brazos Theatre
- Cultural Activities Center - Carrie Rodriguez - Texas Music Series
- Indian Spring Park - Shakespeare in the Park: Julius Caesar
- 8:00 PM - Tokio Store - Tanner Sparks
- 8:30 PM
- Stay Classy - Joel & Deon Q – Live Music
- The Backyard - Devotional: The Depeche Mode Experience
- Not just for families/kids - contains family-friendly events like Farmers Market, Food Truck Showdown...
submitted by TTLAAJ
to Waco [link] [comments]
2023.05.29 00:44 ILoveWesternBlot Mouthbreather's """Guide""" on matching Diagnostic Radiology
I’m an MS4 that fully matched DR this year. I had 21 interviews for DR and matched my top 3 for both DR and intern year. I wanted to share some of my thoughts/reflections/things I wish I knew applying into diagnostic radiology this past cycle. There have been writeups in the past but in the era of virtual interviews, mass applying, and record application numbers, I thought I’d talk a little about how I think the application landscape is changing for radiology and my lowly n=1 opinions on how rads hopefuls can prepare themselves. This is colored mostly by personal experience so obviously take it all with a tablespoon of salt. Everyone’s story is different, I’m just sharing what I learned from my journey.
This year, there were 0 unfilled spots for DR and 2 for IR (those spots were programs that didn’t participate in the main NRMP match cycle, and one nucs med spot that’s being internally filled). For reference, the only other specialties that also filled completely were ortho and Plastics. Neurosurgery, ENT, and Derm all had unfilled spots. This isn’t to suggest that DR is now more competitive than those fields (it’s not, those fields are still far more self selecting and you don’t need to be proficient in softball to match) but just emphasizes how cutthroat the field has gotten in the past couple of years.
Disclaimers: I’m writing from the perspective of a (low tier) USMD. If you’re a DO or IMG, you can probably learn stuff from this info as well but truthfully I’m not fully familiar with all the extra hurdles DOs and IMGs go through to match DR and I don’t want to espouse misleading information for you guys. Connecting with matched DO’s and IMG’s on the discord or spreadsheet will be in your best interest. Also, I only applied DR. The broad strokes advice may still apply here but IR is pretty different in terms of your application and approach so if you’re gunning for integrated IDR you may not glean much from this.
School Rank: Yea no shit this matters. In general USMD >> DO >>>> IMG except for a couple programs that are IMG heavy (Mercy catholic, Yale bridgeport as examples) No, this isn’t Yale’s main program you prestige whore If you’re at a T20 why are you reading this. You’ll match by virtue of existing. Go outside.
DOs and IMGs really struggled with the match this year and it will not get better. If you’re a premed reading this and choosing a school and you’re at all interested in DR or any other competitive specialty then attending an MD school with an attached academic centehome program is your best bet.
With step 1 now P/F this will be the big number programs use I think. My general benchmark estimates:
Sub 240- would consider this to be a genuine weakness/borderline red flag in your app, I’d make the effort to compensate in other areas of your application
240- will probably put you among the weaker end of radiology applicants, but not unworkable
250- baseline goal you should shoot for, basically the average range of matched applicants
260- a great score, theoretically makes you competitive for any program in the country depending on the rest of your app
If you fail step 2 or step 1, your app is dead in the water.
I’m gonna get like 50 comments saying shit like “well I know xyz student who matched UCSF rads with a 196!!!” yea well as you can see by the length of this post scores aren’t everything. Anyone can match with anything theoretically. But these score benchmarks at least let you get an idea of your competitiveness relative to the rest of the pack, which is important for building the rest of your app. Bottom line: P/250 should be ok as a USMD. P/260 is ideal tho. DO’s should shoot for P/260 as a baseline I think.
DO’s- take both steps. Yes, even though step 1 is P/F. This is non negotiable. Programs do not give a single shit about COMLEX even if their site says they accept it.
Don’t need perfect grades, but honor as many as you can. Do whatever is necessary outside of academic dishonesty. Practice your head game. This isn’t a guide on how to honor rotations, those exist elsewhere. Honors in big rotations (IM, surgery) mean more than smaller ones. How much Honors vs HP vs P impacts you depends on your school’s grade breakdown. If you’re High passing when 45% of your class is honoring that’s less than ideal. If only 5% of your class honors then HP is fine. If you’re Passing and your school is P/F then you’re chilling. DON’T FAIL A CLERKSHIP. You probably will not match. If your school publishes shelf grades in your MSPE, don’t fumble those. Avoid shitty MSPE comments and try to get those scrubbed from your record.
Don’t matter as much as clinical grades, especially if they don't factor into AOA. Doing well in preclinicals doesn’t hurt though, and being bottom quintile certainly won’t help. Don’t fail anything. Probably not as big of a deal as failing clerkships but you don’t want any red flags in your app no matter how small.
Nice to have. I was AOA and had several programs comment on it. If you’re squinting for patterns mostly community programs and lower tier academics actively mentioned it (“Congrats on AOA” or “I see you’re academically strong, since you’re AOA” and comments of that ilk were what I heard). The big name programs I interviewed at did not mention it, so not sure if they care. If you’re gonna rant about how AOA is a diversity award/popularity contest go soapbox somewhere else. You definitely do NOT need AOA to match radiology (the vast majority of people that match don’t, I was the only rads match from my school in AOA). I’m just commenting on my thoughts on how much it impacts your app, not making a political statement.
No one gave a shit. This is a mickey mouse award
Do something. This isn’t ortho, you don’t need 20 first author papers in the field. But do something. Does not have to be rads related, unless you’re gunning to match Stanford/UCSF/MGH/NYU or the like. For reference, I had several pubs/presentations/posters in non rads fields that were based on interesting clinical/translational studies. I also had 2 first author radiology case reports. Every interviewer asked about the clinical projects. No one mentioned the case reports. Obviously rads clinical research would be the ideal, but the point here is to not only demonstrate academic productivity, but to have something interesting/memorable to talk about in interviews. 20 case reports isn’t a conversation starter. Original research, even in another field, is a conversation starter. Original rads research is harder to do as students generally can’t read scans which is a big part of most studies but if you can swing it it’s awesome.
Can’t comment for sure on numbers, NRMP says like 8 total items which sounds about right. I’d try to do like 1-2 clinical research projects (in any field, no need to be super anal about radiology) and then fill the rest with case reports. ACR case in point is a good place to pump those out if you have a good mentor (RIP RSNA case reports). Radiology Case Reports has a publishing fee but turnover time is like 1 week so you can really go hard in that journal if your department pays for it.
Former surgical subspecialty switchouts/dual apps, you’ll be okay (I was one of those) Radiology accepts people like you all the time, including residents that match these fields then regret it. I wanted to do a surgical subspec before rads and had a decent body of research in that field. Bonus points if that ENT work you did looked at imaging, It’s an easy pivot on interviews! Like I said before, this isn’t ortho. Research productivity doesn’t compensate for poor grades and scores, and you can’t kill an away like you could in surgical subspecs. So make sure your raw grades/scores are good as they build the foundation of your app. Good grades/scores with low research >> great research with shitty grades/scores.
Bonus: If any research work you did involved coding, statistical programming, or machine learning, try to swing it as a budding interest in AI. Many programs, especially academic ones, get their dicks hard the minute someone mentions AI/deep learning models.
Conferences: Unfortunately, networking is becoming more of a thing in radiology as is the fate of any competitive field in a world of less objective metrics. If you can present at RSNA or ACR or SIR or any other conference, absolutely take the opportunity. Introduce yourself to as many PD’s and APD’s as possible, plant the idea of your existence as a seed into their subconscious. If you have nothing to present, I don't know how much value these conferences would have though unless you're a rizz god or somethng. I can’t comment on this too much because I did literally none of this but if your above application metrics are weak then I’d highly recommend doing this. As a terminally online introvert with the personality of a cement block I think networking is cringe but you gotta play the game. IMGs/DOs should especially be trying to do this.
No one really cares about interest groups. No one cares if you worked in the student clinic. Programs do care if you did an interesting service/leadership activity. I had one cool service activity I did in preclinicals that got brought up in every interview (wasn’t rads related at all). Make sure you can speak well on what the activity entailed and how you personally contributed.
Nontrads with previous work experience, wear it like a badge of honor. It makes you more interesting as an applicant. I can’t comment on it firsthand because I went straight through but anything that makes your story more than “I was premed in college and now I’m in medical school” is gonna be a talking point on interviews.
--------------------------------Building your App--------------------------------
Letters of Recommendation
IMO the best setup for this is 1 radiology letter and 2 nonradiology clinical letters. Assuming all you did was a rads rotation and little else, a radiology LOR is going to inherently be weak. Students don’t do much besides shadow on rads rotations and everyone knows it, so what’s it gonna say? “Oh student X sat there like a good little boy/girl and didn’t fall asleep in the reading room please RTM them :)” -yeah not the best letter pal. Your clinical letters on the other hand can actually speak to your ability as a medical student so they can be more impressive. The specialty doesn’t matter too much, just make sure they can speak strongly on your ability as a future resident.
If you’re wondering how to get a good rads letter, the best answer is to do research with a rads mentor. Then they can say that you’re academically productive and worked well on projects which makes your letter nicer. If you do research with multiple rads mentors, that’s the only instance in which I’d get a second Rads letter.
How you set up your 4th year rotations should depend on what you need. If you aren’t sure about getting a good nonrads letter, do a Sub I, especially in IM or Surgery- I really really recommend this as a great way to get a good letter or two. If you’re a newer switch into the field do a rads rotation to get a letter. Honestly your rads letter is more of a checkbox at that point than anything else but having one at least confirms you’re not blatantly backup applying.
Dual/backup appliers should get try to get one rads letter from a rotation. Also, make sure your other letters don’t say how great of an orthopedic surgeon you’re gonna be lol don’t get snitched on by your own homies
Ding ding ding the big million dollar question. You probably scrolled to look for this. I am of the opinion that yes, you should do an away if you can. This is coming from someone who didn’t do one. Now, they aren’t mandatory like they are for surgical subspecialties, but you should try to fit one into your schedule if you can. With step 1 going pass fail and the increasing number of apps, programs are looking for more ways to separate applicants from the flock. Away rotations can be your key. Some general guidelines:
1. DO A ROTATION AT A PROGRAM YOU WOULD BE ALREADY BE COMPETITIVE AT. Doing an away at a rotation at a program does not guarantee an interview. This may sound lame, but think about it- all you do on most DR aways is shadow, or maybe take an exam or present on a topic. That’s nice but it tells a program nothing about how good you’d actually be as a resident.This is why I made a big deal of being able to assess your relative competitiveness as an applicant. Use texas star and residency explorer to get a better idea of this- if you’re in the upper 25% of matched applicants statistics then it’s probably a good idea to do an away there. Don’t rotate at UCSF or MGH if you’re a DO or have below average stats- you’re not gonna get an interview and you’re gonna waste everyone’s time.
2. Aways should not take precedence over important application building rotations. If you need a non radiology letter and you’re debating between doing an away vs doing a sub I in medicine, the answer is the sub I. A strong application with no aways > weaker app with an away IMO. Getting letters from aways is hard to say. Do it if you don’t have a home program. Otherwise, it’s probably more valuable to build a strong connection to your home program and get radiology letter(s) there.
3. If you’re looking to match in an area that you have no educational/personal ties to, do an away there. If you’re from the midwest and want to match in NYC, do an away in NYC. If you’re looking to match to california and aren’t attending medical school there, do an away in Cali. Unless you’re a superstar candidate you will probably see poor yields in areas outside of your med school/hometown area so an away can help boost yields. That being said, rule 1 takes precedence here.
4. I don’t recommend getting LOR’s from away programs. The big exception here is if you don’t have a home program, in which case then you should. It’s just that these letters are probably gonna be mid at best and home rads letters where the PD/writer knew you for longer will probably be of better quality. Again, everyone is different-maybe you really really vibed with an away faculty and want a letter from them. If you are confident it’ll be a really quality letter, then go for it. But don’t strategize your app around getting letters from MGH or NYu or Stanford and thinking this is like surgical subspecs where you do aways at places for great letters- it’s not.
Make sure to apply early and broadly- it’s first come first serve for most programs. If you haven’t finished your app and submitting to programs already, you’re probably running late. Oops, probably should probably have submitted this sooner. This is what League of Legends does to you folks. Try to do research and ask around about what programs highly value away rotators. I have some leads but there are definitely many many others out there.
NYC- Mt. Sinai Icahn SOM- great away experience, gave interviews to away rotators
PA- Einstein Philly- highly highly values away rotators/demonstrated interest in the program
CA- Santa Barbara Cottage- gave interviews to away rotators, great “foothold” program into CA
CA- Cedars Sinai- another great “foothold” program into CA
Shoutout to these programs for doing the exact opposite:
Wash U St. Louis- rejected an away rotator 3 weeks into the away (per name and shame)
UMD- did not provide interviews to multiple away rotators
FYI both programs I listed above are great places to train at, and programs are under no obligation to give interviews to away rotators, especially in DR. Just know if you rotate there that you should prepare for this possibility.
Post-ERAS submission aways are probably still valuable especially early on in interview season. The only thing is that you won’t be able to get LORs from those but I think LOR’s from away rads programs are almost guaranteed to be mid at best so I’d recommend not building your app around those unless you have no home program.
The other million dollar question. This year apparently applicants get 6 gold and 6 silver signals. I think the best thing to do with signals is just send them to where you wanna go. I have no clue why anyone would want a silver signal, but I don’t think it’s worth the headache of trying to mindgame which programs are getting silvers and which are getting golds. Send your golds to the ones you really like, and your silvers to the ones you also like but maybe not as much. Don’t overthink it.
My only advice regarding signals is to NOT signal big name academic centers. UCSF, NYU, MGH, Upenn, etc do not put much weight into signals. They know everyone wants to train with them so they get their pick of the litter. Sending a signal to them is likely throwing your signal in the trash, especially if your application metrics aren’t at or above their matched averages. I think you get the most bang for your buck from signaling smallemid tier academic centers and community programs. That being said, I’m not your dad. Signal who you want.
PS ask your home program if they want you to signal them. Some don’t but others are dickheads and want one of your signals. Make sure you know.
Damn i dont know what the fuck they’re smoking at AAMC with this change but I guess I can talk about it. Sounds like common sense but talk about shit that’s actually meaningful and you can talk freely and confidently/passionately about in interviews. Especially now since you have limited space. The student clinic you and 1000 med students volunteered at probably doesn’t mean much. Oh, you led the student clinic? Well that’s a lot better, you should talk about that. Activities where you took a leadership role are always gonna be more meaningful and interesting in interviews than stuff you were just a floater in. Gonna copy and paste a comment I made a while ago about putting research as experiences in your ERAS. Applies to any specialty I think:
Publications and "experiences" are different parts of your ERAS application, with Pubs having no cap. You can enter any publication as a "research experience" but you'll need to think a little harder about which ones you wanna put in.
For example, if you do a small filler case report and it gets published in a smaller journal, this is a publication and should be in your ERAS publication section. You could enter it as a research experience as well, where you describe the process you went through to get it written and published. However, this would not be a very meaningful experience and a waste of one of your ten entries.
Let's say you lead a longitudinal translational research project in your field of interest that gets presented at a conference as an abstract, and then subsequently published in a large journal. Both the abstract and the pub will, again, go in your ERAS pubs section. However, this would also make a great research experience to use in your experiences tab. You could talk about how you led the project, the role you played in completing it, where it was presented, etc. This would make for a strong candidate in your experiences tab.
TL;DR: Smaller filler projects are pubs but shouldn't be listed in experiences. Larger important projects should be publications and also listed as a research experience. Hope this makes sense.
I would highly highly recommend including some space for hobbies in your eras. DR interviews are like 80% hobby talk, 10% why rads, 10% random shooting the shit. You don’t need to have insanely interesting hobbies- even mundane stuff is great conversation food. I talked about TV (almost spoiled an interview on Better Call Saul's ending) and manga (Chainsaw Man my love) in some of my interviews. Just be sure you’re genuine in those interests and can talk about them. Don’t fabricate a hobby like underwater basket weaving to make yourself look cool because if you sound fake then that’s gonna be an almost instant DNR. My home PD told me a story of a great applicant they DNR’ed because he said he loved fly fishing in his hobbies section and our PD (who loves fly fishing) asked about it he couldn’t talk anything about it. because it was made up. Yeah, don’t do that.
Probably 2-3 hobbies and elaborate a little on each. Don’t just say running- were you on any competitive teams? Did you run a marathon/halfy/5k? Give some meat to it but not your whole life story.
I feel very unconfident in talking about this part so I won’t say too much. I was told my PS was good but no one really commented on it in interviews. I think the 10/80/10 rule applies here- 80% of PS’s don't move the needle in any way, 10% are profound, 10% suck ass. You’re not gonna be in that top 10% most likely so just try not to be in that bottom 10%. Spell check, and don’t talk about how you wanna do rads because of lifestyle or because you “Like PUZZLES” -it’s generic as fuck. Have as many eyes on it as possible- your mentors, your friends, your parents, your parole officer, Dealer Jim- get as much feedback on it as possible. Just make sure it doesn’t suck or unintentionally reveal any personality disorders- that time you lit a live squirrel on fire and looking at the bones made you interested in Xrays is probably not a good radiology PS.
Conclusions/I skipped to the bottom
Rads is getting pretty competitive. I’d say it’s not on the level of the surgical subspecs/derm but probably the most competitive one of the remaining ones. It’s still not too bad if you’ve built a decent app- I’m not gonna hype it up like the psych and gas doomposters, but it’s not a walk in the park like it was pre-COVID. Especially if you’re a DO or IMG….
My spicy prediction we will see a small dip in application numbers this cycle- ChatGPT “concerns” and people realizing it’s not a safe backup may cause a small decrease in app numbers- but the process is becoming more opaque with tiered signals and more importantly P/F step 1.
-GET GOOD STEP 2 SCORE. 250+ goal, 260+ ideal if you want to feel safer but I don't think there's really a safe score nowadays
-GOOD GRADES IN MEDICAL SCHOOL- honors and HP’s, don’t low pass. DON’T FAIL ANYTHING. Be top tertile/quintile/quartile/kitchentile or whatever your school does.
-DO SOME RESEARCH- a couple case reports and a independent project or two that you can talk about is your goal. Don’t need 10+ pubs like an ENT manwhore but don’t have nothing.
-DO AN AWAY AT A TARGET RANGE PROGRAM. Know your competitiveness and choose your away intelligently. Don’t ego it. Do it in a region you’d potentially like to match in especially if you don’t have prior ties. Again, not mandatory but it can really help.
-BE A REAL PERSON- you’re not a stat stick. Mention hobbies, ecs, prior jobs that you can talk about in interviews. The first 3 points get you the interview- it’s these last two points that get you the match.
I hope this helps a little. I wish I wrote this in march post match because then some of this advice would have been more timely like the aways but what can you do.
I might do a part 2 on interviews and rank lists and what I think you should look for in a program so let me know if that's something you might be interested in. I feel like those are later cycle questions and wouldn't be super relevant right now. Plus I've already procrastinated on writing this up when I said I would so I try to write that this shit is never gonna get done.
Other matched rads people feel free to chime in/correct me/share your experiences. I don't claim to be a know it all for this process by any means I still wonder how I managed to pull the devious heist on the program that matched me.
I’m willing to take DM’s if you have more specific/personal questions but no butthole pics please.
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2023.05.28 23:05 ingirlworld Worker's Comp/Doctors won't help, and I don't know what to do
Last summer I got a job as a cook, and towards the end of every shift I'd have to spend about 40 minutes scrubbing the flat top grill. I was given heat proof gloves that were too big for me, and a big pumice stone. I couldn't actually grab the stone while scrubbing, I just had to sort of put pressure down with my hands and move my arms back and forth. I was also too short, so I really had to stretch to get towards the back of the grill.
Doing this tired my hands out, but I didn't think much of it until I was doing my math homework after work one night, and my pen sort of just... fell out of my hand. And I couldn't pick it back up. I couldn't grip it. I couldn't write anymore.
I went to Urgent care the next day, and they were very nice and helpful, the PA there diagnosed me with carpal tunnel, and referred me to an Occupational Medicine doctor. My first appointment there went well. It was with a substitute doctor who was very helpful, she got me a note out of work for 2 weeks, and got me an appointment with a physical therapist. She backed the diagnosis of carpal tunnel syndrome. The physical therapist I saw ALSO diagnosed me with carpal tunnel syndrome. So I've got the same diagnosis from 3 medical professionals at this point.
My next appointment at the Occupational Medicine is with their regular doctor (not the substitute I saw previously) and all of a sudden I DON'T have carpal tunnel. He brings up my weight, how I'm a woman, and is going off about everything the substitute doctor did wrong. I got in touch with worker's comp, and they said I could change my Attending Physician to my regular doctor. I do, but after making an appointment there, I get a call from my doctors office telling me I can't do that. I now don't have a doctor to regularly see about this.
Later I'm given cortisone shots by an Orthopedic doctor, which help for a while. I get a couple nerve tests which I'm told look completely normal, and I'm all good to be on my way. Except I'm not.
I'm in pain. I can't do anything involving my hands for more than 5 minutes without my hands burning for weeks. I've had to give up all my hobbies. I quit my job and put school on hold because I can't... do things. There are days when I need my husband to brush my teeth. My hands gave out while I was driving and I couldn't grip the wheel. I had to just press my hands as hard as I could against the wheel and steer like that. But these doctors are telling me I'm fine and nothing's wrong with my hands.
I don't know what to do. It's been 9 months of my life being on hold. I'm desperate for surgery. I literally don't care if I have to go thousands in debt for it. I just want my life back. What can I do?
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2023.05.28 21:44 hotdish81 Kitchen lifer needs resume that looks good outside of the hospitality sector
How can I make my career of 24 years as a chef/manager in the hospitality industry relate to other jobs? What words can I spin to seem more widely understood that a person who hasn't spent a day in the kitchen would understand and relate to.
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2023.05.28 21:34 Arandomglitchtalefan Operation Copper S2 Ep4. This took a long time to make and it made my fingers despise me! So enjoy! I also had to split this one into FOUR parts so part two, Three and four will be linked in replys!
The colony was busy with activity, it was probably the most peaceful it had ever been ever since the foundation took control. The multipurpose room was transformed into a command center as MTF patrolled the halls, they never paid the WD’s anymind, the gray walls that were once bare spare a few posters, were now filled with activity as foundation propaganda promoting cooperation with the foundation painted them. Every WD was happy with this change, it took a little getting used to for some but it was a very good change of pace.
However some rooms in the deeper parts of the colony were transformed into prison cells, or containment chambers as the foundation called them. The cells held mostly MD’s that had tried their luck in sneaking in for some oil. However, one prisoner was different from the other’s.
“TELL ME! WHAT IS ANDERSON PLANNING!” Yelled a foundation interrogator at the female MD in front of him, he wore a suit and tie and looked tan in coloration. The room was transformed into a blank cell with a single hastily installed light dangling above, the MD was in the same cuffs that A was kept in, keeping her from using any of its MD abilities as it was chained to the table and her Oversized raincoat was lying in the corner. The MD had long pink hair up in a ponytail with two MD eyes instead of the typical 5 on either side of her head as opposed to being on top along with a horn that looked like it was made out of shrapnel. And wearing what seemed to be N’s coat but dark gray with a yellow stripe in the middle and a blueish-gray sweater underneath and also short shorts the same color as the jacket. Oddly enough among the injuries she had sustained the strangest thing on this MD were gray stockings covering her arms and legs up to the point the sleeves and shorts covered them.
“I SAID TELL ME DAMMIT! Or do you want solitary confinement?” The interrogator said again.
“…. Leave me alone.” The MD replied blankly, oil dripping from her still fresh wounds.
“Fine then, your choice. Take her away.” The interrogator said as he sighed. Just then two MTF in full combat gear came into the room and uncuffed the MD from the table. Strangely the MD offered no resistance as it kept its head down.
As the MD was taken away, above the prison sector were the civilian quarters. It was for the WD’s. As they walked around, enjoying themselves one stood out. Uzi, she was practicing her new abilities in her room with V as she lifted up a metal pipe.
“Ok, now just make it spin. REALLY fast. I’m talking crazy fast!” V said.
“No problem…. Just give me a second….” Said Uzi as the pipe began to move faster and faster.
Soon it was spinning so fast not even V could keep up with its speed. Suddenly Uzi lost control as it flung towards V, however V expertly caught it mid air before it hit her and rolled her eyes.
“That’s the fourth failed attempt….” V said as she sighed.
“Bite me, I'm trying my best!” Uzi replied.
“Ya…. Sure you are. Just over a day ago I saw you keeping up with that Klen guy single handedly and now you can’t even get this pipe spinning!” V said as she threw the pipe to the ground, it made an all too familiar sound as it hit the floor.
“I’m going to get some air….” Uzi said as she walked out.
“You mean walk around the colony pointlessly until you find Thad?” V replied.
“…. Ya….” Uzi said blankly as she walked out.
Meanwhile N was walking around, whistling to himself. “So…. Uhhhh…. Do you know how fast the foundation built all of this?”
“The foundation builds fast, we build entire facilities in months thanks to anomalous objects.” Jane said as she walked with him.
“What kind of objects?” N said.
“The ones that give resources and the ones that build them for you. In short, nano machines with an anomalous twist.” Jane replied.
“…. Neat!” N said.
Suddenly a man in a suit and tie came up to N, he was tan and walked with precision. “N, is that right?” He said as he walked up to N.
“Uh, yes that’s me!” N said as he saluted out of almost instinct.
The man gave him the single to drop his hand as he spoke again. “The prisoner you and alpha 1 brought here has been uncooperative, however we suspect it or she, whatever you want to call the MD, will only speak to you.”
“How did you come to that conclusion?” Jane said.
“I’m an interrogator, I notice things the normal soldier doesn’t, the prisoner has a coat similar to his own and seems to have a strange obsession with him. We have found photos of N dating all the way back to the start of the MD’s arrival on the exo planet.” He replied.
“We’ll…. What should I do?” N said.
“Come down with us to the prison sector. Don’t worry with the amount of guards we have down there even if one of the prisoners escaped they wouldn’t get far let alone close to you. You are also welcome to come, Jane.” He replied.
“We’ll…. I have zero idea where that is!” N said.
Jane sighed before saying. “Just follow me.”
As N followed Jane and the interrogator through the hallways, they eventually came across a large pair of double doors with a card reader guarded by two men in full tactical gear. They looked about a full foot taller than N as they looked down at him. The interrogator just showed what looked like a keycard to the men as they checked it, one of the men then swiped his card on the card reader before the doors opened and they stepped to the side.
Inside was a long hallway with the foundation insignia on the wall, appearing every few feet. On the sides of the hallway were what looked like prison cells with panels next to them, however instead of bars were what looked like some kind of energy shields stopping the prisoners from escaping. Inside the cells were almost no furniture except for beds, the occupants were all MD’s, all of them wearing orange jumpsuits and what looked to be glowing bracelets on their arms. They looked at the interrogator with disgust and hatred, they looked at Jane with much of the same. However with N they looked curious.
As they entered the doors closed behind them. “This is…. Very high security ....” N said as he looked around.
“It has to be, we’re not keeping the run of the mill prisoners in this sector.” Jane replied.
“Wait…. Why are they not trying to escape?” N said with confusion.
“Simple, those bracelets keep them from activating any weapons. Its prototype technology but effective nonetheless.” The interrogator replied.
As they walked to where the female MD was, the other MD prisoners kept watching them move along. Then they passed by one cell in particular, instead of a MD, there was a female WD inside it, N immediately recognized her as Lizzy. She was sitting in the corner of her cell with her head in her knees, in the same orange jumpsuit all the other prisoners were in.
“Wait, Lizzy? Why is she here?” N said.
“I thought you knew.” Jane replied.
“I…. Kinda do but still.” N replied.
“All you really need to know is that she is still considered a threat, we have nothing on her so far, but I personally think she knows more than she’s telling us.” The interrogator said.
“Huh…. Good to know.” N said.
As they continued walking, N couldn’t help but notice the prisoners stares, it almost seemed that they knew something he didn’t. Then the interrogator walked up to a certain cell which seemed empty.
“Hold on, she’s doing it again.” The interrogator said. He then pulled out a remote and pressed one of the buttons on it. Suddenly a short scream was heard inside the cell, suddenly a female MD seemed to reluctantly fall down from the ceiling with a loud crash sound. She looked injured and had multiple injuries that didn’t seem to be regenerating, they however were seemingly welded shut. However strangest of all was that she was wearing a replica of N’s coat, it was ripped.
“May I ask why she isn’t wearing the standard orange jumpsuit?” Jane said as she turned towards the interrogator.
“We tried to take that coat off her, however it resulted in two casualties, so we decided it wasn’t worth the effort.” He said with a shrug.
The female MD looked up at N, immediately her expression changed from one of pure depression to hope as she smiled and looked at him and her tail wagged like a dog, the trio could feel the temperature of the room increase exponentially.
“I told you, she seems to have an obsession with N.” The interrogator said. “I’ll turn off the sound suppression now.” He then went up to the panel next to the MD’s cell and flipped a switch.
“Darling! It’s been so long!” The MD said as she stepped as close to the energy shield as possible.
“…. Do I know you?” N said, clearly confused.
“It’s me! F! Or Fen. That’s what you used to call me! Remember?” Fen said.
“Wait…. Y-Your the MD from…. My dreams….” N said as he held his head in confusion as he tried to process it all.
“What are you saying? Do you know her?” Jane chipped in.
“Y-Yes I do! She was with me at the mansion, along with V and J…. There were others but I can’t remember their names….” N said.
“Why didn’t you tell any of us that before?!?” Jane said.
“Because I thought that’s what they were. Dreams. I-I didn’t think it was some kind of flashback.” N said as he looked back at Fen.
“Darling, listen to me! Someone very bad is about to come here to kill you! I’ve seen them!” Fen said.
“W-Wait you're moving too fast! What do you mean darling?!? Who’s trying to kill me?!? H-How can I even trust you!” N said.
Fen seemed to be hurt by that response as she backed away. “Y-You don’t trust me?” Fen said.
“I-I don’t even know who you even are! I-I just met you five seconds ago! So…. Just give me some time to think….” N turned around as he held his head, multiple thoughts were going through him as he thought of all the possibilities.
“Do you want to leave?” Jane said as she walked up to N.
“Y-Yeah…. I need some time to think.” N said.
“Good, I’ll just enable the sound suppression again.” The interrogator said.
“NO!” Fen yelled as she suddenly tried to charge into the energy shield. At first it shocked her and knocked her back. Then she tried again, and again, and again.
“G-Guards! Get over here!” The Interrogator yelled as multiple armed guards came running towards him, they changed their ammunition mid way there.
Suddenly Fen managed to breach the shield as it choked her with everything it had, however instead of a fight like everyone was suspecting, Fen instantly collapsed from the shock as she tried to force herself up, however still fell to the ground.
“…. Get her back inside and up the power on her cell. NOW!” Jane yelled as the interrogator singled to the guards to lift Fen up.
“I-I…. L-look…. Behind.” Fen said as her visor started glitching and she was picked up.
N turned around to see two Red Eyes staring at him back at him from a figure shorter than him. somehow no-one had noticed her. From the little he could see he noticed the figure was coated in blood and gore. Wasting no time the Figure pulled out a suppressed M45 pistol and fired a round directly into the eyes of the two guards holding Fennec, all three of them dropping to the floor with blood splattering the walls behind them and on the MD’s cells as well. The Interrogator tried to pull out a handgun but as he did so the Figure dashed to him and grabbed at his wrist. Gripping it so hard it decapitated the hand from the rest of the body. The Figure catching the handgun in her free hand and emptying the magazine into him as he screamed in fear and pain with even more blood splattering onto the walls ,floors, and herself with each shot, and ending it with punching the handgun into his brain and firing the last shot. Jane tried to fire at the Figure as she just quickly ducked into the doorway, the bullets just hitting the now-corpse of the interrogator and the walls and furniture and shooting the gun out of Jane’s hand. Dashing towards her and jump kicking her into a wall as N could hear Jane’s ribs and rear ballistic plate crack from the force of the impact and blood pouring from her back staining her MTF uniform as she seemed knocked out cold as blood dripped from her mouth. N standing still from shock, finally made his limbs do something as he picked Fennec off the ground and ran out of there. Blood splattered on both himself and his admirer. The Figure turned around to see those two run off. And walked outside the cell and pulled out a switch and pressed a red button on a chapstick-sized and shaped device. A loud boom was heard as the Colony shook and as the lights flickered and turned off. All the Cell’s holographic doors flickered and turned off too. And all the Murder Drones walked out to see the figure, the red glowing eyes of her mask illuminating her slightly as she gave out a maniacal chuckle.
“Who are you?” Said one of the MD prisoners as they all stared at the figure. “And why did you help us?”
The MD’s sounded suspicious, the figure noticed them starting to slowly incircle her. “All you need to know is that I am freeing you, now if you wish to get vengeance against your suppressors. Follow me.” She said with a voice that sounded slightly distorted from the mask.
Meanwhile in other parts of the colony it had all gone dark, all the MTF were running every which way to the surprise and fear of the WD’s as they saw heavily armed and armored men converge on a single point. V was walking through the halls as several MTF ran past her.
“What’s going on?” Yelled V as she looked around, she could see perfectly fine in the darkness, it was what she was made for after all.
“Hey V! What happened to the lights?” Uzi said as she walked up to V.
“I have no idea. I’m not an electrician!” V said.
“Hey guys, do you know what’s going on with the lights?” Thad said as he stumbled into the group.
“No idea.” V said.
“Bite me! I have no idea either! Where’s N?!?” Uzi said as she looked around.
With that the group started the search, as they were searching they came across Sara and Red who were stumbling around.
“Hey guys have you seen N? Plus do you have any idea what’s going on!?!” V said.
“No we don’t! I’m just as confused as you are!” Red said as she almost tripped. “How can you even see?!?”
“Robots. Remember?” Uzi replied.
“Oh…. We’ll then just turn on the generator. It should be in the new prison wing, I have no idea who in their right mind decided that was an idea but I’ll deal with that soon enough!” Red said.
“Got it…. Wait, why would anyone build important infrastructure in the prison sector?” Thad replied.
“Welcome to the foundation I guess.” Sara said to everyone.
“Ok fine let’s go!” V said. “I think I know how to get there!”
As Uzi and Thad followed close behind V, they started to hear gunshots and screams, causing V to immediately activate her blade arms as Uzi pulled out her railgun.
“W-What's going on!?!” Thad said, now more frightened.
“No idea, just be ready.” V said as she started to walk more slowly.
As they were about to turn a corner, V was suddenly bumped into by a man in full tactical gear with night vision goggles, almost knocking her over.
“Ow! Watch where you're going!” V yelled.
“Oh trust me, I would, IF I WASN'T GETTING CHASED BY THOSE THINGS!” The voice sounded much like Aron.
“Wait, Aron?” Uzi said as she put her railgun at ease.
“You bet your ass I am! Now if you're gonna be useful, then defend this position against those things!” Aron said as he pointed behind him.
“What is behind you anyway-“ Uzi started before she looked behind him to see a female MD in an orange jumpsuit just finishing killing a MTF with its blade arms.
“THE PRISONERS ESCAPED! I REPEAT THE MD PRISONERS HAVE BROKEN LOOSE! ALL MTF SQUADS ARE TO REPOT INSIDE THE COLONY! DO NOT LET THEM GET OUTSIDE!” The intercom said with a loud booming voice.
Before anyone could say anything the MD looked at the group and its eyes instantly turned into a >< symbol as it started to charge. Aron immediately fired his rifle at the MD however it managed to swerve out of the way of most of the bullets, the ones that did hit were almost instantly regenerated.
V instantly went in front of Aron and met the MD halfway through the hallway. They locked blades as Uzi and Aron tried to get a clear shot. V and the MD fought with such speed and grace it looked as if two angels were fighting.
However V started to gain the upper hand as she turned her left arm back to normal and grabbed the other MD’s arm before kicking it down on the floor. V then put her right leg down on the MD’s free arm as she held the other arm back, she also expertly sliced off the MD’s syringe tail before quickly putting her right blade arm up to the MD’s throat.
“HOW DID YOU GET FREE! WHO RELEASED YOU!” V yelled at the MD. However the MD just laughed.
“Foundation scum! To think you betrayed your own kind! It's sickening traitor! I can’t even look at you without the urge to puke.” The MD said as she looked at V.
“I don’t follow Anderson!” V said.
“What makes you think I’m still loyal to him? You really are a disgrace!” The MD said.
V’s anger then got the better of her as she raised her blade arm and drove it directly into the MD’s core, killing it instantly and spraying oil all over her.
As V stepped off the corpse and wiped some oil off her. Aron came up to her. “Not bad V, not bad at all. However we still need to fix the generator, Cole and Gram should already be there. At least that’s where they were headed before I got ambushed.”
“We’ll what are we waiting for!?! Let’s go!” Uzi said.
As they all ran through the halls, more screams filled them. Gunfire seemed to be everywhere at once. As they walked through the group noticed more MTF bodies, however zero MD bodies anywhere to be seen.
“We’ll. This is erie.” Uzi said as she looked at the bodies and bullet holes in the walls.
Suddenly a couple MD’s, both male, jumped down from a vent, they both had the >< symbol on their visors as they wasted no time in flying right towards Aron. Aron immediately fired his weapon as Uzi lifted her railgun, the MD’s seemed to realize what the railgun was and instantly one of them turned their right arm into a gun and shot it out of Uzi’s hand, however they stood still just long enough for Aron to hit them in the chest a good few times, forcing that MD to retreat back into the vents as it held its chest in pain.
The other MD was about to charge before suddenly a loud boom was heard, the last MD held its head in pain as its hands went back to normal. As it turned around it saw Gram and Cole, also In full tactical gear pointing weapons directly at its core. It glanced behind itself to see V standing behind it, she already had her blade arm to its throat. She smirked and chuckled a bit as the MD’s expression showed a hint of fear.
The MD then reluctantly and slowly put its hands in the air. As it did Gram immediately pulled out a pair of the cuffs he used on A and slapped them on the MD. Forcing it to stay in its current defenseless state.
“Who released you!” V said as she threw the MD to the floor.
“Kill yourself! Foundation oppressors!” The MD yelled.
“Just tell us who released you, perhaps you may even get special privileges after we get everything under control.” Cole said as he attempted to tempt the MD.
However the MD just spit at Cole and said. “Never! I would rather die!”
“That can be arranged.” Aron said as he reloaded his rifle.
“Like he said, just give us the information and you will not be harmed.” Gram said as he bent down to face the MD.
“Screw. You.” He said with pure rage in his eyes.
“Can I kill him?” V said.
“No, we’re cold, not cruel.” Gram said.
“Oh, here he goes again. Cold not cruel my ass. Ever heard about scp 054?” Aron said.
“That was before the ethics committee was formed, plus after the perpetrators were reprimanded, scp 054 has become much more social in the following years. Especially after the broken masquerade.” Gram replied.
“He’s right.” Cole said as he shrugged. “However, what do we do with this one?”
“…. Maybe ask her? She looks important.” Thad said as he pointed down the hall.
Everyone looked down the hall to see a Figure covered in some blood, she stared at the group with red glowing eyes before simply saying. “Surrender.”
“You're outgunned and outmanned, I should be asking you to surrender.” Aron said.
“I bet she’s the one who did this….” Uzi said as she gripped her railgun.
“Your choice.” The woman said as she pulled out a suppressed M45 handgun in one hand and a smoke bomb in the other.
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2023.05.28 20:37 anxious_onion LAST MINUTE SCHOOL LIST HELP PLEASE :')
- 3.786, 514 (second try)
- 3500 research hours with 2 mid-author pubs, 2 oral presentations, and an abstract
- 850 non-clinical volunteering
- 450 clinical hours (375 working, 75 volunteering)
- 2 gap years
- PA resident
School List Draft: DREAM
University of Pennsylvania Perelman School of Medicine (Philadelphia, PA) 522 3.96
Duke University School of Medicine (Durham, NC) 520 3.9
Northwestern University Feinberg School of Medicine (Chicago, IL) 520 3.92 HIGH REACH
University of Virginia School of Medicine (Charlottesville, VA) 520 3.93
Stanford School of Medicine (Stanford, CA) 519 3.92
Case Western Reserve University School of Medicine (Cleveland, OH) 519 3.88 REACH
Boston University School of Medicine (Boston, MA) 518 3.85
University of Michigan Medical School (Ann Arbor, MI) 518 3.87
Emory University School of Medicine (Atlanta, GA) 516 3.79 HIGH TARGET
University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine (Pittsburgh, PA) 518 3.89
Albert Einstein College of Medicine (Bronx, NY) 516 3.86
Ohio State University School of Medicine (Columbus, OH) 516 3.91
University of Cincinnati College of Medicine (Cincinnati, OH) 516 3.88 TARGET
Thomas Jefferson University Sidney Kimmel Medical College (Philadelphia, PA) 515 3.82
Tufts University School of Medicine (Boston, MA) 515 3.82
Western Michigan Homer Stryker School of Medicine (Kalamazoo, MI) 515 3.8
Georgetown University School of Medicine (Washington, D.C.) 514 3.84
UCLA David Geffen School of Medicine (Los Angeles, CA) 514 3.8
Virginia Commonwealth University School of Medicine (Richmond, VA) 514 3.88
University of Connecticut School of Medicine (Farmington, CT) 514 3.84
Geisinger Commonwealth Medical College (Scranton, PA) 513 3.81
Virginia Tech Carilion School of Medicine (Roanoke, VA) 513 3.68
Rosalind Franklin University of Medicine (North Chicago, IL) 513 3.78
Drexel University College of Medicine (Philadelphia, PA) 512 3.8
Eastern Virginia School of Medicine (Norfolk, VA) 512 3.72
George Washington University School of Medicine (Washington, D.C.) 512 3.75
Indiana University School of Medicine (Indianapolis, IN) 512 3.89
Penn State University College of Medicine (Hummelstown, PA) 512 3.79
Temple University Lewis Katz School of Medicine (Philadelphia, PA) 512 3.79
Wake Forest University School of Medicine (Winston-Salem, NC) 512 3.82
West Virginia University School of Medicine (Morgantown, WV) 512 3.84 "SAFETY" (no such thing)
Loyola University Stritch School of Medicine (Maywood, IL) 512 3.74
Tulane University School of Medicine (New Orleans, LA) 512 3.71
University of Toledo College of Medicine (Toledo, OH) 510 3.81
University of Louisville School of Medicine (Louisville, KY) 508 3.78
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2023.05.28 18:57 AdCritical5383 WSJ: Wall Street’s Next Big Play Is Garbage
This behind a paywall so I pasted some the text below:
By Ryan Dezember and Will Feuer
May 28, 2023 09:00 a.m. EDT
The green push by the U.S. and state governments is turning trash into treasure and boosting the firms that handle America’s garbage.
Shares of the biggest players in the U.S. trash business, Waste Management and Republic Services, have traded at record highs since President Biden signed the climate, tax and healthcare bill in August. A recent decline not-withstanding, the stocks are popular picks on Wall Street to ride the sustainability boom higher.
“They’re sitting in this extraordinary position,” said Michael Hoffman, an analyst at investment bank Stifel. “Garbage will be on the forefront.”
Efforts to reduce greenhouse-gas emissions and to reuse materials are making it more profitable to mine landfills for energy and sift through refuse for the hot commodities of the green economy, such as detergent bottles and cardboard boxes.
WM and Republic are building plants to isolate methane from the fumes emitted by rotting garbage and pipe it into the natural-gas grid to be burned in power plants, furnaces and kitchens. They are also equipping recycling facilities with the latest in automation to better sort and process materials for the consumer-goods companies that are under pressure to keep their packaging out of landfills and the ocean.
Landfill owners are forecasting hundreds of millions of dollars in additional profit from rising demand for recycled materials and tax incentives for making energy from emissions that would otherwise seep into the atmosphere.
“We’re blessed to be sitting right in the middle of a megatrend,” Republic Chief Executive Jon Vander Ark said. “We used to think about getting 5% top-line growth a year; now we’re in double-digit top-line growth mode.”
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2023.05.28 17:23 darkerenergy Trip Report: 18 days + Golden Week (25/04 - 13/05)
Tokyo - Yokohama - Nagoya - Kyoto - Osaka - Tokyo
Hi all, going to go through our trip covering golden week and time around it (: It was myself (F21) and my partner (M24) and the reasoning behind the timing was mainly due to bank holidays in the UK being unfortunately placed perfectly in line with golden week this year! Despite this, I feel we actually got pretty lucky with it all. I'll put an emoji to note which days were for golden week but for the tl;dr we weren't affected that much.
Other important contexts, both interested in Japan for a few different reasons. Anime isn't a small one but I'm also a huge fan of the Yakuza games, he's into the JDM car scene, and we just enjoy travelling in general. We didn't do many things like Universal, Disneysea etc. but hopefully there's some things in here that people will enjoy hearing about! I'll go through some tips/recommendations for the casual readers first before going into the trip in depth - please let me know if there's anything else you want to know about!
Tips + Recommendations Yamato Takkyubin Luggage Forwarding
If like us you are going to be staying in quite a few different places, this service is so so so good I cannot overstate it. We had two big suitcases and one smaller one, we sent just the big ones for two of the trips and then for the final trip from Osaka to Tokyo we sent all 3 and just used our backpacks to bring essentials for the night.Pretty much all hotels will allow you to use the service, some may request you pay them with cash for the actual service but for all but one of ours we could use card. We sent Yokohama -> Kyoto, then Kyoto -> Osaka, then finally Osaka -> Tokyo. There are options for same day delivery I believe however we did both the next day and for a few days later. Feel free to ask any questions in the comments and I'll answer if I can! Trip Planning
I've been fortunate to be able to travel a lot so wasn't nervous about the actual travel, however Japan is such a far away country that I didn't want to go and get there then not know what to do and waste my time. In the past holidays with family were more about relaxing on a beach, or with my partner our city breaks are short as they are other European countries and so easier to return to if we wanted. I wanted to take a different approach to this trip so I made a big Google Sheet and Google Map with all the places I wanted to visit/see. It was never meant to be a strict itinerary as some people I showed seemed to assume 😅 But it really helped me to visually see where things I wanted to go to were, and then make a rough plan in case I did get stuck at some point.Anyway it was a really good idea in hindsight and I'm very glad we did it for this trip as our first time going! Here's a picture of the map looks like, we didn't necessarily do everything but we did most things - https://i.imgur.com/2xLyy7Y.png
. I used mymaps.google.com
, to be honest there's definitely betteeasier to use tools out there but I got this to work for me so I stuck with it. Walking
People aren't kidding about the amount of walking, although I think our top amount was still under 30k so don't worry too much. That said, if you don't walk a lot anyway then your feet are going to hurt. My partner was fine, I was awful. I thought my shoes would be fine and apparently they weren't so if you can pack walking boots please do. The other thing is I think the way you walk affects it too, my partner and I both had multiple pairs of shoes with us but where his converse boots were fine, the soles of my feet were awful in the same types of shoes 😭 Driving
I am not a driver but my partner is. He has a full manual UK driving license and insurance, and so for Japan all he needed was to get the International Driver's Permit a little before we went. We rented a car for three different occasions, two times from the same place then the final was for a JDM rental. All was fine, the JDM place was confused for a moment as my partner has a Polish passport + UK license but we translated Poland for him and after that there were no issues! You'll need to check what you need depending on where you're from, it's easier for us due to the same driving side although when we rented for Daikoku and the Nagoya drive they did give us an automatic so just be aware of that if you want to request/drive manual. The rental places we used were Orix rent-a-car for the Daikoku and Yokohama -> Nagoya trip and we had a Mazda 2. For the JDM rental we used Omoshiro.
Tokyo 25/04 - Airport, Shinjuku hotel, Shinjuku
We followed a similar first day that I'm sure many of these reports will begin with - arrived at the airport, we had filled out the VJW forms and had both QR codes ready to go. Immigration had about an hour wait so longer than normal but we were also near the back of our plane and there was at least another full plane in front of us. Actually going through immigration was a complete breeze. Once through and picked up our luggage, we got a Welcome Suica, then headed to Shinjuku. We reached our hotel about 4 hours early for check-in, wasn't sure what to do for that time but they were happy to take our bags until we could go to the room (something that is consistent with all the hotels we went to thankfully). Jetlag was pretty bad, I was flagging by afternoon but we pushed through it and took the few hours to just walk around and see the sights. We spent some time in Hakone-yama before heading back to the hotel and getting cleaned up/accidentally falling asleep too early. 26/04 - Akihabara, Golden Gai
Of course woke too early by not being as proactive as we should've with warding off jetlag but used that to leave early for Akihabara. After getting some breakfast we saw the Yodobashi Camera and went in there for about an hour just looking at all the floors 😅 It was raining a ton but it surprised us with how warm it still was and quickly realised why people prefer umbrella with no raincoat!! Spent pretty much the whole day in Akihabara, went round a ton of shops and also went into our first of many many arcades we'd go to. We went back to the hotel to return the items we'd bought then walked to Golden Gai as our hotel was about a 15-20 minute walk ^^ Had some delicious ramen, unfortunately didn't drink as my partner was finishing antibiotics for the first few days but it was still great to be there. Slept a lot later which was good. 27/04 - Kabukicho, Shinjuku National Garden
This was more a day for me to fufill my Yakuza game sightseeing. Being so close to Kabukicho I was so excited to visit a city and be able to make my way round without a map loool. It was just the end of the blue festival so the iconic arch was still blue although I did get to see it red at the end of the trip so I wasn't too bothered about that. We went around Kabukicho, the square, again spent tons of time in the arcades and discovered how much we enjoyed the MaiMaiDX machines. Ended up getting one of the passports that save your progress and give you an extra play so if you like arcades then I recommend them!! After this and some lunch, we were going to do a walk to the national garden then realised I went the wrong way so we took the train. As a side note here, the Suica and train system is so useful. Very similar to using a card for the underground except it's actually clean. Walked around the national garden, it was very sunny and warm. Didn't know it had it before going but there's a starbucks in the middle of the garden and we managed to join the queue about 10 minutes before they stopped taking new orders. Had a nice time watching the sun set in that garden before heading back to the hotel. 28/04 - Teamlabs Planets
Wasn't something I was going to initially go to however I checked out tickets the day previously and saw some for this day and decided we could do it as we had a ton of free time. I had chosen 2:30pm for an entrance time however it was such a nice day so we left early and spent time just walking around the docks. It was so so sunny, the area didn't have loads going on however it was still very pretty. We spent time in the parks and walking alongside the water. Teamlabs was pretty cool, I did enjoy the water based sections although dodging both influencer and family photos might detract from your experience. This was also where I realised I'd already become the stereotype tourist and was sunburnt :') I guess I had to learn my lesson physically and I did thankfully stop any further burning after this with diligent sun cream appliance afterwards pretty much every day. After this we went back to Shinjuku and after food we packed up ready to go to Yokohama.
Yokohama 29/04 - Bashamichi, Daikoku, Cosmo Clock ✨Showa Day
Left our hotel at 11 and hadn't yet discovered the wonders of luggage forwarding so we brought all our bags with us on the train to Yokohama! Not too bad though, we got to our hotel a little early but they took our bags as we went and had lunch before the room was ready. Went around Bashamichi (another game location lol) before taking the train to central Yokohama. We had pre-booked the rental cars all before we left to ensure availability but there weren't any problems. This was also my partner's birthday which is something the rental staff realised whilst we were sorting out all the documents 😆. For Daikoku, we didn't need to pass through any ETC gates from Yokohama but it was the first time on the Japanese roads. It was a little nerve-wracking at first as there's very slightly different rules to UK roads but in general driving is fine. We reached Daikoku PA around 20 past 6pm, and it was about 2 hours until police moved everyone along. My partner was in dreamland with the cars that we saw, if you're into the JDM scene at all or just a petrolhead then you'll love it but it is a bit of luck with what you'll see. After we left Daikoku, we went back to our hotel. We'd checked in with them previously that we could keep the car with them as the hotel we had chosen had parking available for an additional cost. We left the car at the hotel then went out for drinks and to see the cosmo clock. Didn't ride it but it was very cool seeing it all lit up over Yokohama. We bar hopped a bit, then went back. 30/04 - Recovery...
Not much to say about this day, my partner was fairly hungover so we returned the car to the rental place and then spent the day just chilling at our ryokan hotel and around Yokohama. No drinks this time round as we had a very long trip the next day!!
Nagoya (Road Trip from Yokohama) 01/05 - Expressways, Onshi-Hakone Park, Expressways, Shinshiro, Expressways, Nagoya
I'll condense this one a bit otherwise I'll type forever but this was a really fun time. The driving totaled almost 6 hours by the end so it's not for the faint hearted haha. The point was that we'd stop a few times along the way though which is what we did end up doing. We sent our luggage with the forwarding service (to the hotel after Nagoya as we were just staying the one night), then had an early start as we went to the car rental for 8. We chose the same place we rented from for Daikoku and had the same sales rep sorting out any documents so it was a bit quicker although this time we did get a quick explaination on the toll gates. Anyone going on the expressways will need to know how to use them, we were a bit confused the first time but once you've done it a couple times it'll be smooth sailing (and it's such a good system for people with the automatic cards too). We left Yokohama and set our location for Nagoya. We went for about 2 hours before stopping in Odawara for a quick snack and pee break. Pretty overcast day but despite this we still decided to do a stop in a park on the way and went to Onshi-Hakone Park. It was very cool/bit scary going up the winding mountain passes but wow the views are incredible. We spent again probably a couple hours at the park, had some lunch, no view of Fuji but we could see a lot of the other mountains around which are breathtaking in their own rights (: It's right on Lake Ashi so we did get to see the pirate cruise going round. After this break we did another couple hours or so driving before stopping slightly outside of Shinshiro. Something I will say about the expressways is that it is insane how fast people go 😂 We're not about to try anything so it was sticking to the 120 on the signs for us but people just whizz by. Anyway, we stopped at a familymart in this village for a quick break and I know I've said it already but the views are so beautiful. It's green in the UK but it's something else, I kept wondering if it's just viewing through rose tinted glasses/greener on the other side but I don't think that's true at least about those countryside views. It was also one of the reasons we wanted to do the road trip instead of train at least this time round, we could stop in these places and take it in. After our stop there, it was back onto the expressway until we reached Nagoya. It was roughly 6pm when we reached Nagoya, we had intially booked the car for the whole day with return the next morning but they allow early return with Orix so we did that instead before finding our hotel and having some dinner. Not too much time in Nagoya but it was the first time seeing the bullet train which was cool. Nagoya itself has some nice sights, we were thinking about going to Liberty Walk the next day but instead we just decided we'd head to Kyoto once we left the hotel.
Kyoto 02/05 - Shinkansen, Kyoto, Nishiki Market
It was a really lovely day and we were taking the shinkansen for the first time. The shinkansen from Nagoya is only 34 minutes but we did end up buying reserved seats as the station was pretty packed. This is probably the main thing we noticed with Golden week, everything else was busy but not insanely so. Nagoya station was a lot busier but otherwise fine. We didn't have JR passes as when I used the online calculator it didn't come out to be worth it for our particular travel so it was full fare for us. The shinkansen itself was good, we would be using it again for Osaka back to Tokyo but due to Nagoya being closer to Kyoto I didn't reeeally think I'd need to book early. It's probably a good idea still lol but it worked out fine for us to book same day despite how busy Nagoya was. Once in Kyoto we took our time walking down to our next hotel. This was another ryokan style so that was nice, we also passed a garden which we noted to go to the next day (Shosei-en Garden). Our luggage had arrived and was waiting for us at the hotel already so we got refreshed then went out for the evening. We went up to Nishiki market then walked back towards our hotel again. Had a sushi train small dinner as we hadn't had any sushi yet and I've also only had a train once before. It might not be the best Kyoto had to offer but wow was it still better than anything I'd had in the UK!! We then spent hours once again in an arcade, if you like games the MaiMaiDX machines really are addictive :') 03/05 - Shosei-en Garden, Higashi Hongan-ji, Tō-ji Temple, Nijō Castle✨Constitution Memorial Day
We woke up early, had breakfast at the ryokan, then went straight for the garden. It was a beautiful day once again so plenty of suncream applied. The Shosei-en Garden isn't the biggest but it's so beautiful, they have this pond that looks so still but my partner spotted a turtle and then you start to see more and more. They have some historical buildings around the place, we spent about an hour there before going to the next place. We walked down the road to the next place, this was Higashi Honhan-ji temple. Both locations weren't really that busy to be honest. Seeing this temple was nice but personally I did prefer the gardens. We next went Tō-ji temple. This is one of those locations that are on the 'must-do in Kyoto' but I did like it a lot. The 5 story pagoda was a cool sight. It wasn't so busy although we were going around lunch time so hungry crowds were likely taking a small break (: We spent an unreasonable amount of time just looking at the koi fish in the moat not even in the temple area 🎏 Finally we went to Nijō Castle. This was quite busy although we were one of the latter groups going around as it was nearing the end of the day. Another of the listed must do's but again I would say it's a cool place to see. If you do go, the tour around the main house is interesting and if you decide to climb the walls there's some nice sights of the area around. We finished up this day heading back to the market area and had dinner including a matcha beer. I'm not really a massive matcha person but I was up for trying all the different things, the beer sort of just tasted of normal beer but it looked exactly like a matcha-green coloured guinness. 04/05 - Arishiyama ✨Greenery Day
This wasn't really a packed day as we were heading to an airbnb for a couple of nights. We used the luggage forwarding from the ryokan where they were concerned that we wouldn't get our luggage as soon as we wanted due to Golden week. I then let them know we were looking to get it sent for the 6th and they completely relaxed and said that would be perfectly fine 👌 For context if you've not been to Kyoto, the train system is alright but pales compared to Tokyo. Getting to our airbnb wouldn't be too long, about an hour, but as we didn't really have anything planned and only had our small suitcase with us we decided to walk to the next airbnb instead and waste time along the way. This way when we arrived it wouldn't be before check in time and it would keep us out and about. The walk was about 3 hours total although we lengthed it by stopping a few times. There were some celebrations happening due to Greenery day and Children's day being the next day. We stopped to listen to some music, stopped to have a starbucks, then finally we reached out airbnb in Arishiyama. The place was really nice, and it was fun to have a whole place for a few nights instead of a hotel. If you're wanting to, looking at airbnb's is a completely valid option when staying in Japan - you just might get warned before you arrive not to talk or laugh too loudly or the neighbours might complain/call the police 😅 05/05 - Fushimi Inari Shrine ✨Children's Day
Initially were going to do both the bamboo/monkey forest and Fushimi Inari but ended up leaving a little later than planned so just committed to only Fushimi Inari. I was expecting fairly large crowds considering the day and the station was..... not great. That said, the station was very small and so although it was crowded we were also out of there fairly quick. This review of Fushimi Inari is going to follow almost everyone's - it was busy at the bottom and as you go up you'll get a lot less people. Even it being Children's day didn't stop us getting moments of just myself and my partner being alone so don't be deterred if the bottom is busy! Beautiful views, we did the full routes going to the top. It was a bit tricky at times but it's not a race, and you'll feel good doing the full thing. We reached the top, were able to partake in the prayers there, then had a great time going back down. There was a little area near the end with a bunch of cats; we turned a corner and saw one and a bunch of people crowding round to take a photo. Maybe only a few steps later you realise there's about 4 more just chilling around the place. It was a cool experience and definitely worth doing at least once if you're there.
Osaka 06/05 - Local train, Dotenbori, Den-Den Town
We took a train from our airbnb to Osaka and went via the local train rather than the shinkansen. It was fine, we reached Dotenbori and our hotel was not far from the station. We got there a bit early again but our room was already available and our luggage had arrived too (: After getting refreshed we went out for the afternoon to Den-Den Town. This is Osaka's version of Akihabara, and we spent a lot of time with my partner looking in all the card shops. It was pretty rainy but not really a problem between the Lawson's umbrella and ducking into lots of shops ;) We spent time in an arcade for a while before heading out to Dotenbori market area and the bridges for the evening/night. Yet again another location in the Yakuza games so I had fun pointing out different places like the Mega Don Quijote or the crab restaurant. We had some food and ended up in a drinking place that used a QR code and website for ordering to the table which was dangerously easy to use haha. Had some really tasty sushi there too, I'll try and find the name if anyone is wondering! Took tons of photos there, the rain at night gave the city that classic look reflecting the neon lights everywhere. 07/05 - Kobe day trip
We went to Kobe for the day, lots of rain but the main market area is all under cover so that was handy. My partner was looking for a new phone which he found, we also went to one of those places where they grill the food in front of you for dinner. It was great going in a scruffy elevator up to the restaurant and stepping out onto a really beautifully designed restaurant, and it wasn't very busy so we were able to go without reserving beforehand. Kobe itself is cool although we didn't explore too much outside the market areas due to just how hard it was raining, I think it was the heaviest on this day unfortunately. 08/05 - Nara day trip, Todai-ji
We went to Nara and although the advice is to go early, we went for more mid-day time. It wasn't crowded at all so that was fortunate. We ended up walking past that famous mochi stall that you see on all the tiktoks of Nara. I wasn't expecting to see the making of the mochi and wasn't going to wait for it either however they started about 2 minutes after we found the stall so we did stay and watch and it was cool to see in person (: We tried the mochi, it's pretty good although for me it was a bit too dry from the powder. Was still tasty!!! Walked through towards the deer park and saw the pagodas around. When we reached the deer park of course we had to get some crackers and feed them. Oh my god they're so pushy!! It was actually so funny to interact with them, one tried to nibble me and we got headbutted a bit when we had the crackers but once you've given them all out then they'll leave you 😆. We sat on a bench for a bit and watched some other poor souls go through the same thing. Saw quite a lot of young fawns too which is cute. We kept walking up to Todai-ji, stopped for an ice cream, then went to the temple to see the huge Buddha statue. It was a good experience to see this temple, but at least for me it wasn't my favourite part of the trip. I know for many others though it's really great to see so don't knock it off your list if you're interested in it! I'm glad I went once but probably won't return. Spent some more time just chilling around Nara and looking at the temples and shrines around the place. We went back to Osaka for around 4pm. Spent the evening in Osaka again, no rain this time! Oh this was about the time I was developing a sore throat, a little bit nerve wracking but fully vaccinated + boosters and have had covid previously so was fairly certain it wasn't that. Even so, my partner was coughing a bit which is the start of the cold we both had for the rest of the trip 😔 09/05 - Osaka Aquarium, Dotenbori
I didn't put the aquarium on my plan initially but we had another spare day in Osaka and I do like visiting aquariums + my partner likes penguins a lot and they had a lot there. It was a cool experience, a lot of families as to be expected but it wasn't packed so lots of opportunities to see the animals and fish :) The two whales were very cool, they're so massive. We also got to see their rockhopper penguin conservation area, you could see them sitting on their eggs. I recommend the aquarium to any families planning to be in Osaka, it's pretty easy to get to and the station gives clear directions on where to go to get to the aquarium and the nearby lego park. After the aquarium we went back to Dotenbori and looked around the various book-offs as my partner was looking for screen protectors. If you're interested in any Japanese media I can recommend them too, I found some games in there that were a lot cheaper than you find in the West in much better condition. Our coughs worsened by evening which wasn't great, we weren't doing much more in super crowded areas but it's obviously not good anyway. We were wearing masks everywhere beforehand but it made it more important. We did end up getting some Bron, if you're in Japan and have a cough then I do recommend it but just be aware that it contains codeine. We got some from a place that specifically had a pharmacy section, you bring the box to the cashier and they'll give you the actual bottle from behind the counter. Really really great stuff, much better than anything you can get without a prescription in the UK which was annoying as my cough was subsequently worse for about 5 days once I got back!! It's pretty much gone now though (lasted longer likely due to asthma but it was gone for my partner after a couple days of being back). Overall I really enjoyed Osaka, all the cities we went to were cool but for me Osaka was my favourite :)
Tokyo 10/05 - Shinkansen, Airbnb
We left Osaka for Tokyo and took the Shinkansen back. We did splash out a bit and took the green car with seats on the Fuji side. I fell asleep for most of the trip but woke in time to see Fuji for the roughly 6-7 minutes it was viewable for. It was my only time to see Fuji due to the weather being almost clear that day aside from a single cloud going right across the mountain. It didn't block the peak though so I don't feel too robbed 😆. If/when we visit Japan again I would like to see it again closer but it was still a great sight. Once we reached Shinagawa station, we switched to the local train to head to our airbnb in Shinjuku once again (although closer to Shibuya this time whereas we were more North before). We were staying in a pretty close knit residential area but did a bit of a hello to the neighbours which was nice. We had done the luggage forwarding again but had set it to come the next day so we would be the people available for receiving it. Spent the time around the airbnb and also tried having an uber eats delivered (which worked great lol). 11/05 - Shibuya, Shinjuku
We spent most of this day around Shibuya as we wanted a few souvenirs for family and also hadn't visited Shibuya properly. Went to the crossing, then spent time mainly shopping and going around one of the Donkis. Pretty rainy again but not a problem for a shopping day. 12/05 - RX-7 Day Trip (Lake Hinuma, Ibaraki Flower Park), Kabukicho
We used Omoshiro Rent-a-car for the RX-7 (for those interested, here's the car - https://i.imgur.com/HRX4DYy.png
) and they were great. We had it pre-booked again before we arrived in Japan as it's a pretty sought after car to rent. Bit banged up but nothing major, and we had it booked for I think 8 hours? We did return it a little early as we didn't really have anything else to do and didn't want to be late with a return as the shop closed at the time we'd be returning it. A funny part of the terms you agree to is no Initial D style driving. For the trip itself, we didn't have anything major planned so I made a makeshift plan to just go a bit out of Tokyo and visit somewhere different. I found this lake on maps that'd be not too far, didn't realise until we were there that it's less a lake for sights and more for fishing 😅. No worries though, as the main reason was to get some driving in and enjoy having the car (which was achieved!). Got some snacks from a 7/11 then went off. We had a lot of time left so we drove to Ibaraki flower park, yet another quick find from scrolling around Google Maps. It was a very beautiful park, they have a rose market there as well as selling some fresh produce. It's a small charge to go in the park but it's worth it for the hour or more you might spend there and will go towards the park maintenance. Also being the middle of Spring of course it's going to be beautiful with all the new blooms (: We spent time there admiring the countryside and being sad about going back home the next day. We went back to the rental place afterwards, also during this drive was the time where we were finding it so funny how we were sticking to the speed limits in this beautiful car and being overtaken by massive trucks going so much faster. We did have a moment that was like from a movie though, we entered the expressway after the tolls and as we were pulling in an older Honda NSX was being driven next to us. The guy driving looked over and gave us a nod with a straight face before pulling ahead a little so we could be behind him. We ruined that movie mood by both being so excited by how cool the moment was but hey it's one of those things that won't be forgotten at least!! He zoomed off a few minutes later but we weren't risking anything to keep pace ahaha. We returned the car then went back to Shinjuku for our final evening in Japan. We went back to Kabukicho and I was able to see the arch in red :') Took photos of the karaoke place that's in the games, would've gone in but my throat was killing!! So we just stuck to being outside. We went back to the area around our airbnb, had our last dinner there then went and packed up ready to go home. 13/05 - Home :')
Our flight was leaving a little before 9am so we were leaving the airbnb for 5ish. Early start but as we'd gotten packed up it wasn't too bad of a walk to the station. Grabbed our train, it was fairly early on one of the lines that goes direct to the station so we were able to get on with ease. The train was rammed by the time we reached the station. No problems getting through the airport, got to our gate and then flew home.
I had such a good time in Japan, I loved being there and hope to return within the next few years if life permits!! We definitely missed some of those 'must-do's' such as Osaka Castle, any of the theme parks, Arishiyama Monkey Park, actually doing Karaoke, and some of the food options due to my own anxieties walking into places lol. That said, I don't regret the things we did end up doing and it just means I'll have to fit some of those into my next trip 😉. Although my partner would like to visit more Northern areas like Hokkaido or Sendai so we'll see!
We didn't have probably as much packed into each day as could've been but for me this was perfect and a great time for my first time. If you managed to read all this then thank you very much, and please let me know if you have any questions about the trip!! I'll be happy to answer. Thanks for reading!
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2023.05.28 16:42 dreamer100__ List of Gods, most of which are no longer worshipped.
A, Adad, Adapa, Adrammelech, Aeon, Agasaya, Aglibol, Ahriman, Ahura Mazda, Ahurani, Ai-ada, Al-Lat, Aja, Aka, Alalu, Al-Lat, Amm, Al-Uzza (El-'Ozza or Han-Uzzai), An, Anahita, Anath (Anat), Anatu, Anbay, Anshar, Anu, Anunitu, An-Zu, Apsu, Aqhat, Ararat, Arinna, Asherali, Ashnan, Ashtoreth, Ashur, Astarte, Atar, Athirat, Athtart, Attis, Aya, Baal (Bel), Baalat (Ba'Alat), Baau, Basamum, Beelsamin, Belit-Seri, Beruth, Borak, Broxa, Caelestis, Cassios, Lebanon, Antilebanon, and Brathy, Chaos, Chemosh, Cotys, Cybele, Daena, Daevas, Dagon, Damkina, Dazimus, Derketo, Dhat-Badan, Dilmun, Dumuzi (Du'uzu), Duttur, Ea, El, Endukugga, Enki, Enlil, Ennugi, Eriskegal, Ereshkigal (Allatu), Eshara, Eshmun, Firanak, Fravashi, Gatamdug, Genea, Genos, Gestinanna, Gula, Hadad, Hannahanna, Hatti, Hea, Hiribi, The Houri, Humban, Innana, Ishkur, Ishtar, Ithm, Jamshid or Jamshyd, Jehovah, Jesus, Kabta, Kadi, Kamrusepas, Ki (Kiki), Kingu, Kolpia, Kothar-u-Khasis, Lahar, Marduk, Mari, Meni, Merodach, Misor, Moloch, Mot, Mushdama, Mylitta, Naamah, Nabu (Nebo), Nairyosangha, Nammu, Namtaru, Nanna, Nebo, Nergal, Nidaba, Ninhursag or Nintu, Ninlil, Ninsar, Nintur, Ninurta, Pa, Qadshu, Rapithwin, Resheph (Mikal or Mekal), Rimmon, Sadarnuna, Shahar, Shalim, Shamish, Shapshu, Sheger, Sin, Siris (Sirah), Taautos, Tammuz, Tanit, Taru, Tasimmet, Telipinu, Tiamat, Tishtrya, Tsehub, Utnapishtim, Utu, Wurusemu, Yam, Yarih (Yarikh), Yima, Zaba, Zababa, Zam, Zanahary (Zanaharibe), Zarpandit, Zarathustra, Zatavu, Zazavavindrano, Ziusudra, Zu (Imdugud), Zurvan
Ba, Caishen, Chang Fei, Chang Hsien, Chang Pan, Ch'ang Tsai, Chao san-Niang, Chao T'eng-k'ang, Chen Kao, Ch'eng Huang, Cheng San-Kung, Cheng Yuan-ho, Chi Po, Chien-Ti, Chih Jih, Chih Nii, Chih Nu, Ch'ih Sung-tzu, Ching Ling Tzu, Ch'ing Lung, Chin-hua Niang-niang, Chio Yuan-Tzu, Chou Wang, Chu Niao, Chu Ying, Chuang-Mu, Chu-jung, Chun T'i, Ch'ung Ling-yu, Chung Liu, Chung-kuei, Chung-li Ch'üan, Di Jun, Fan K'uei, Fei Lien, Feng Pho-Pho, Fengbo, Fu Hsing, Fu-Hsi, Fu-Pao, Gaomei, Guan Di, Hao Ch'iu, Heng-o, Ho Po (Ping-I), Hou Chi, Hou T'u, Hsi Ling-su, Hsi Shih, Hsi Wang Mu, Hsiao Wu, Hsieh T'ien-chun, Hsien Nung, Hsi-shen, Hsu Ch'ang, Hsuan Wen-hua, Huang Ti, Huang T'ing, Huo Pu, Hu-Shen, Jen An, Jizo Bosatsu, Keng Yen-cheng, King Wan, Ko Hsien-Weng, Kuan Ti, Kuan Ti, Kuei-ku Tzu, Kuo Tzu-i, Lai Cho, Lao Lang, Lei Kung, Lei Tsu, Li Lao-chun, Li Tien, Liu Meng, Liu Pei, Lo Shen, Lo Yu, Lo-Tsu Ta-Hsien, Lu Hsing, Lung Yen, Lu-pan, Ma-Ku, Mang Chin-i, Mang Shen, Mao Meng, Men Shen, Miao Hu, Mi-lo Fo, Ming Shang, Nan-chi Hsien-weng, Niu Wang, Nu Wa, Nu-kua, Pa, Pa Cha, Pai Chung, Pai Liu-Fang, Pai Yu, P'an Niang, P'an-Chin-Lien, Pao Yuan-ch'uan, Phan Ku, P'i Chia-Ma, Pien Ho, San Kuan, Sao-ch'ing Niang, Sarudahiko, Shang Chien, Shang Ti, She chi, Shen Hsui-Chih, Shen Nung, Sheng Mu, Shih Liang, Shiu Fang, Shou-lao, Shun I Fu-jen, Sien-Tsang, Ssu-ma Hsiang-ju, Sun Pin, Sun Ssu-miao, Sung-Chiang, Tan Chu, T'ang Ming Huang, Tao Kung, T'ien Fei, Tien Hou, Tien Mu, Ti-tsang, Tsai Shen, Ts'an Nu, Ts'ang Chien, Tsao Chun, Tsao-Wang, T'shai-Shen, Tung Chun, T'ung Chung-chung, T'ung Lai-yu, Tung Lu, T'ung Ming, Tzu-ku Shen, Wa, Wang Ta-hsien, Wang-Mu-Niang-Niang, Weiwobo, Wen-ch'ang, Wu-tai Yuan-shuai, Xi Hou, Xi Wangmu, Xiu Wenyin, Yanwang, Yaoji, Yen-lo, Yen-Lo-Wang, Yi, Yu, Yu Ch'iang, Yu Huang, Yun-T'ung, Yu-Tzu, Zaoshen, Zhang Xi, , Zhinü, , Zhongguei, , Zigu Shen, , Zisun, Ch'ang-O
Aba-khatun, Aigiarm, Ajysyt, Alkonost, Almoshi, Altan-Telgey, Ama, Anapel, As-ava, Ausaitis, Austeja, Ayt'ar, Baba Yaga (Jezi Baba), Belobog (Belun), Boldogasszony, Breksta, Bugady Musun, Chernobog (Crnobog, Czarnobog, Czerneboch, Cernobog), Cinei-new, Colleda (Koliada), Cuvto-ava, Dali, Darzu-mate, Dazhbog, Debena, Devana, Diiwica (Dilwica), Doda (Dodola), Dolya, Dragoni, Dugnai, Dunne Enin, Edji, Elena, Erce, Etugen, Falvara, The Fates, The Fatit, Gabija, Ganiklis, Giltine, Hotogov Mailgan, Hov-ava, Iarila, Isten, Ja-neb'a, Jedza, Joda-mate, Kaldas, Kaltes, Keretkun, Khadau, Khursun (Khors), Kostrubonko, Kovas, Krumine, Kupala, Kupalo, Laima, Leshy, Marina, Marzana, Matergabiae, Mat Syra Zemlya, Medeine, Menu (Menulis), Mir-Susne-Khum, Myesyats, Nastasija, (Russia) Goddess of sleep., Nelaima, Norov, Numi-Tarem, Nyia, Ora, Ot, Patollo, Patrimpas, Pereplut, Perkuno, Perun, Pikuolis, Pilnytis, Piluitus, Potrimpo, Puskaitis, Rod, Rugevit, Rultennin, Rusalki, Sakhadai-Noin, Saule, Semargl, Stribog, Sudjaje, Svantovit (Svantevit, Svitovyd), Svarazic (Svarozic, Svarogich), Tengri, Tñairgin, Triglav, Ulgen (Ulgan, Ülgön), Veles (Volos), Vesna, Xatel-Ekwa, Xoli-Kaltes, Yamm, Yarilo, Yarovit, Ynakhsyt, Zaria, Zeme mate, Zemyna, Ziva (Siva), Zizilia, Zonget, Zorya, Zvoruna, Zvezda Dennitsa, Zywie
Aditi, Adityas, Ambika, Ananta (Shesha), Annapurna (Annapatni), Aruna, Ashvins, Balarama, Bhairavi, Brahma, Buddha, Dakini, Devi, Dharma, Dhisana, Durga, Dyaus, Ganesa (Ganesha), Ganga (Ganges), Garuda, Gauri, Gopis, Hanuman, Hari-Hara, Hulka Devi, Jagganath, Jyeshtha, Kama, Karttikeya, Krishna, Krtya, Kubera, Kubjika, Lakshmi or Laksmi, Manasha, Manu, Maya, Meru, Nagas, Nandi, Naraka, Nataraja, Nirriti, Parjanya, Parvati, Paurnamasi, Prithivi, Purusha, Radha, Rati, Ratri, Rudra, Sanjna, Sati, Shashti, Shatala, Sitala (Satala), Skanda, Sunrta, Surya, Svasti-devi, Tvashtar, Uma, Urjani, Vach, Varuna, Vayu, Vishnu (Avatars of Vishnu: Matsya; Kurma; Varaha; Narasinha; Vamana; Parasurama; Rama; Krishna; Buddha; Kalki), Vishvakarman, Yama, Sraddha
Japan: Aji-Suki-Taka-Hi-Kone, Ama no Uzume, Ama-terasu, Amatsu Mikaboshi, Benten (Benzai-Ten), Bishamon, Chimata-No-Kami, Chup-Kamui, Daikoku, Ebisu, Emma-O, Fudo, Fuji, Fukurokuju, Gekka-O, Hachiman, Hettsui-No-Kami, Ho-Masubi, Hotei, Inari, Izanagi and Izanami, Jizo Bosatsu, Jurojin, Kagutsuchi, Kamado-No-Kami, Kami, Kawa-No-Kami, Kaya-Nu-Hima, Kishijoten, Kishi-Mojin, Kunitokotatchi, Marici, Monju-Bosatsu, Nai-No-Kami, No-Il Ja-Dae, O-Kuni-Nushi, Omoigane, Raiden, Shine-Tsu-Hiko, Shoten, Susa-no-wo, Tajika-no-mikoto, Tsuki-yomi, Uka no Mitanna, Uke-mochi, Uso-dori, Uzume, Wakahirume, Yainato-Hnneno-Mikoi, Yama-No-Kami, Yama-no-Karni, Yaya-Zakurai, Yuki-Onne
Agni, Ammavaru, Asuras, Banka-Mundi, Brihaspati, Budhi Pallien, Candi, Challalamma, Chinnintamma, Devas, Dyaush, Gauri-Sankar, Grhadevi, Gujeswari, Indra, Kali, Lohasur Devi, Mayavel, Mitra, Prajapati, Puchan, Purandhi, Rakshas, Rudrani, Rumina, Samundra, Sarasvati, Savitar, Siva (Shiva), Soma, Sura, Surabhi, Tulsi, Ushas, Vata, Visvamitra, Vivasvat, Vritra, Waghai Devi, Yaparamma, Yayu, Zumiang Nui, Diti
Other Asian: Dewi Shri, Po Yan Dari, Shuzanghu, Antaboga, Yakushi Nyorai, Mulhalmoni, Tankun, Yondung Halmoni, Aryong Jong, Quan Yin , Tengri, Uminai-gami, Kamado-No-Kami, Kunitokotatchi, Giri Devi, Dewi Nawang Sasih, Brag-srin-mo, Samanta-Bhadra, Sangs-rgyas-mkhá, Sengdroma, Sgeg-mo-ma, Tho-og, Ui Tango, Yum-chen-mo, Zas-ster-ma-dmar-mo, Chandra, Dyaus, Ratri, Rodasi, Vayu, Au-Co
African Gods, Demigods and First Men:
Abassi , Abuk , Adu Ogyinae , Agé , Agwe , Aida Wedo , Ajalamo, Aje, Ajok, Akonadi, Akongo, Akuj, Amma, Anansi, Asase Yaa, Ashiakle, Atai , Ayaba, Aziri, Baatsi, Bayanni, Bele Alua, Bomo rambi, Bosumabla, Buk, Buku, Bumba, Bunzi, Buruku, Cagn, Candit, Cghene, Coti, Damballah-Wedo, Dan, Deng, Domfe, Dongo, Edinkira, Efé, Egungun-oya, Eka Abassi, Elephant Girl Mbombe, Emayian, Enekpe, En-Kai, Eseasar, Eshu, Esu, Fa, Faran, Faro, Fatouma, Fidi Mukullu, Fon, Gleti, Gonzuole, Gû, Gua, Gulu, Gunab, Hammadi, Hêbiesso, Iku, Ilankaka, Imana, Iruwa, Isaywa, Juok, Kazooba, Khakaba, Khonvum, Kibuka, Kintu, Lebé, Leza, Libanza, Lituolone, Loko, Marwe, Massim Biambe, Mawu-Lisa (Leza), Mboze, Mebeli, Minepa, Moombi, Mukameiguru, Mukasa, Muluku, Mulungu, Mwambu, Nai, Nambi, Nana Buluku, Nanan-Bouclou, Nenaunir, Ng Ai, Nyaliep, Nyambé, Nyankopon, Nyasaye, Nzame, Oboto, Obumo, Odudua-Orishala, Ogun, Olokun, Olorun, Orisha Nla, Orunmila, Osanyin, Oshe, Osun, Oya, Phebele, Pokot-Suk, Ralubumbha, Rugaba, Ruhanga, Ryangombe, Sagbata, Shagpona, Shango, Sopona, Tano, Thixo, Tilo, Tokoloshi, Tsui, Tsui'goab, Umvelinqangi, Unkulunkulu, Utixo, Wak, Wamara, Wantu Su, Wele, Were, Woto, Xevioso, Yangombi, Yemonja, Ymoa, Ymoja, Yoruba, Zambi, Zanahary , Zinkibaru
Australian Gods, Goddesses and Places in the Dreamtime:
Alinga, Anjea, Apunga, Arahuta, Ariki, Arohirohi, Bamapana, Banaitja, Bara, Barraiya, Biame, Bila, Boaliri, Bobbi-bobbi, Bunbulama, Bunjil, Cunnembeille, Daramulum, Dilga, Djanggawul Sisters, Eingana, Erathipa, Gidja , Gnowee, Haumia, Hine Titama, Ingridi, Julana, Julunggul, Junkgowa, Karora, Kunapipi-Kalwadi-Kadjara, Lia, Madalait, Makara, Nabudi, Palpinkalare, Papa, Rangi, Rongo, Tane, Tangaroa, Tawhiri-ma-tea, Tomituka, Tu, Ungamilia, Walo, Waramurungundi, Wati Kutjarra, Wawalag Sisters, Wuluwaid, Wuragag, Wuriupranili, Wurrunna, Yhi
Buddhism, Gods and Relatives of God:
Aizen-Myoo, Ajima,Dai-itoku-Myoo, Fudo-Myoo, Gozanze-Myoo, Gundari-Myoo, Hariti, Kongo-Myoo, Kujaku-Myoo, Ni-O
Carribean: Gods, Monsters and Vodun Spirits
Agaman Nibo , Agwe, Agweta, Ah Uaynih, Aida Wedo , Atabei , Ayida , Ayizan, Azacca, Baron Samedi, Ulrich, Ellegua, Ogun, Ochosi, Chango, Itaba, Amelia, Christalline, Clairmé, Clairmeziné, Coatrischie, Damballah , Emanjah, Erzuli, Erzulie, Ezili, Ghede, Guabancex, Guabonito, Guamaonocon, Imanje, Karous, Laloue-diji, Legba, Loa, Loco, Maitresse Amelia , Mapiangueh, Marie-aimée, Marinette, Mombu, Marassa, Nana Buruku, Oba, Obtala, Ochu, Ochumare, Oddudua, Ogoun, Olokum, Olosa, Oshun, Oya, Philomena, Sirêne, The Diablesse, Itaba, Tsilah, Ursule, Vierge, Yemaya , Zaka
Celtic: Gods, Goddesses, Divine Kings and Pagan Saints
Abarta, Abna, Abnoba, Aine, Airetech,Akonadi, Amaethon, Ameathon, An Cailleach, Andraste, Antenociticus, Aranrhod, Arawn, Arianrod, Artio, Badb,Balor, Banbha, Becuma, Belatucadros, Belatu-Cadros, Belenus, Beli,Belimawr, Belinus, Bendigeidfran, Bile, Blathnat, Blodeuwedd, Boann, Bodus,Bormanus, Borvo, Bran, Branwen, Bres, Brigid, Brigit, Caridwen, Carpantus,Cathbadh, Cecht, Cernach, Cernunnos, Cliodna, Cocidius, Conchobar, Condatis, Cormac,Coronus,Cosunea, Coventina, Crarus,Creidhne, Creirwy, Cu Chulainn, Cu roi, Cuda, Cuill,Cyhiraeth,Dagda, Damona, Dana, Danu, D'Aulnoy,Dea Artio, Deirdre , Dewi, Dian, Diancecht, Dis Pater, Donn, Dwyn, Dylan, Dywel,Efnisien, Elatha, Epona, Eriu, Esos, Esus, Eurymedon,Fedelma, Fergus, Finn, Fodla, Goewyn, Gog, Goibhniu, Govannon , Grainne, Greine,Gwydion, Gwynn ap Nudd, Herne, Hu'Gadarn, Keltoi,Keridwen, Kernunnos,Ler, Lir, Lleu Llaw Gyffes, Lludd, Llyr, Llywy, Luchta, Lug, Lugh,Lugus, Mabinogion,Mabon, Mac Da Tho, Macha, Magog, Manannan, Manawydan, Maponos, Math, Math Ap Mathonwy, Medb, Moccos,Modron, Mogons, Morrig, Morrigan, Nabon,Nantosuelta, Naoise, Nechtan, Nedoledius,Nehalennia, Nemhain, Net,Nisien, Nodens, Noisi, Nuada, Nwywre,Oengus, Ogma, Ogmios, Oisin, Pach,Partholon, Penard Dun, Pryderi, Pwyll, Rhiannon, Rosmerta, Samhain, Segidaiacus, Sirona, Sucellus, Sulis, Taliesin, Taranis, Teutates, The Horned One,The Hunt, Treveni,Tyne, Urien, Ursula of the Silver Host, Vellaunus, Vitiris, White Lady
Egyptian: Gods, Gods Incarnate and Personified Divine Forces:
Amaunet, Amen, Amon, Amun, Anat, Anqet, Antaios, Anubis, Anuket, Apep, Apis, Astarte, Aten, Aton, Atum, Bastet, Bat, Buto, Duamutef, Duamutef, Hapi, Har-pa-khered, Hathor, Hauhet, Heket, Horus, Huh, Imset, Isis, Kauket, Kebechsenef, Khensu, Khepri, Khnemu, Khnum, Khonsu, Kuk, Maahes, Ma'at, Mehen, Meretseger, Min, Mnewer, Mut, Naunet, Nefertem, Neith, Nekhbet, Nephthys, Nun, Nut, Osiris, Ptah, Ra , Re, Renenet, Sakhmet, Satet, Seb, Seker, Sekhmet, Serapis, Serket, Set, Seth, Shai, Shu, Shu, Sia, Sobek, Sokar, Tefnut, Tem, Thoth
Hellenes (Greek) Tradition (Gods, Demigods, Divine Bastards)
Acidalia, Aello, Aesculapius, Agathe, Agdistis, Ageleia, Aglauros, Agne, Agoraia, Agreia, Agreie, Agreiphontes, Agreus, Agrios, Agrotera, Aguieus, Aidoneus, Aigiokhos, Aigletes, Aigobolos, Ainia,Ainippe, Aithuia , Akesios, Akraia, Aktaios, Alalkomene, Alasiotas, Alcibie, Alcinoe, Alcippe, Alcis,Alea, Alexikakos, Aligena, Aliterios, Alkaia, Amaltheia, Ambidexter, Ambologera, Amynomene,Anaduomene, Anaea, Anax, Anaxilea, Androdameia,Andromache, Andromeda, Androphonos, Anosia, Antandre,Antania, Antheus, Anthroporraistes, Antianara, Antianeira, Antibrote, Antimache, Antimachos, Antiope,Antiopeia, Aoide, Apatouria, Aphneius, Aphrodite, Apollo, Apotropaios, Areia, Areia, Areion, Areopagite, Ares, Areto, Areximacha,Argus, Aridnus,Aristaios, Aristomache, Arkhegetes, Arktos, Arretos, Arsenothelys, Artemis, Asclepius, Asklepios, Aspheleios, Asteria, Astraeos , Athene, Auxites, Avaris, Axios, Axios Tauros,Bakcheios, Bakchos, Basileus, Basilis, Bassareus, Bauros, Boophis, Boreas , Botryophoros, Boukeros, Boulaia, Boulaios, Bremusa,Bromios, Byblis,Bythios, Caliope, Cedreatis, Celaneo, centaur, Cerberus, Charidotes, Charybdis, Chimera, Chloe, Chloris , Choreutes, Choroplekes, Chthonios, Clete, Clio, clotho,Clyemne, cockatrice, Crataeis, Custos, Cybebe, Cybele, Cyclops, Daphnaia, Daphnephoros, Deianeira, Deinomache, Delia, Delios, Delphic, Delphinios, Demeter, Dendrites, Derimacheia,Derinoe, Despoina, Dikerotes, Dimeter, Dimorphos, Dindymene, Dioktoros, Dionysos, Discordia, Dissotokos, Dithyrambos, Doris, Dryope,Echephyle,Echidna, Eiraphiotes, Ekstatophoros, Eleemon, Eleuthereus, Eleutherios, Ennosigaios, Enodia, Enodios, Enoplios, Enorches, Enualios, Eos , Epaine, Epidotes, Epikourios, Epipontia, Epitragidia, Epitumbidia, Erato, Ergane, Eribromios, Erigdoupos, Erinus, Eriobea, Eriounios, Eriphos, Eris, Eros,Euanthes, Euaster, Eubouleus, Euboulos, Euios, Eukhaitos, Eukleia, Eukles, Eumache, Eunemos, Euplois, Euros , Eurybe,Euryleia, Euterpe, Fates,Fortuna, Gaia, Gaieokhos, Galea, Gamelia, Gamelios, Gamostolos, Genetor, Genetullis, Geryon, Gethosynos, giants, Gigantophonos, Glaukopis, Gorgons, Gorgopis, Graiae, griffin, Gynaikothoinas, Gynnis, Hagisilaos, Hagnos, Haides, Harmothoe, harpy, Hegemone, Hegemonios, Hekate, Hekatos, Helios, Hellotis, Hephaistia, Hephaistos, Hera, Heraios, Herakles, Herkeios, Hermes, Heros Theos, Hersos, Hestia, Heteira, Hiksios, Hipp, Hippia, Hippios, Hippoi Athanatoi, Hippolyte, Hippolyte II,Hippomache,Hippothoe, Horkos, Hugieia, Hupatos, Hydra, Hypate, Hyperborean, Hypsipyle, Hypsistos, Iakchos, Iatros, Idaia, Invictus, Iphito,Ismenios, Ismenus,Itonia, Kabeiria, Kabeiroi, Kakia, Kallinikos, Kallipugos, Kallisti, Kappotas, Karneios, Karpophoros, Karytis, Kataibates, Katakhthonios, Kathatsios, Keladeine, Keraunos, Kerykes, Khalinitis, Khalkioikos, Kharmon, Khera, Khloe, Khlori,Khloris,Khruse, Khthonia, Khthonios, Kidaria, Kissobryos, Kissokomes, Kissos, Kitharodos, Kleidouchos, Kleoptoleme, Klymenos, Kore, Koruthalia, Korymbophoros, Kourotrophos, Kranaia, Kranaios, Krataiis, Kreousa, Kretogenes, Kriophoros, Kronides, Kronos,Kryphios, Ktesios, Kubebe, Kupris, Kuprogenes, Kurotrophos, Kuthereia, Kybele, Kydoime,Kynthia, Kyrios, Ladon, Lakinia, Lamia, Lampter, Laodoke, Laphria, Lenaios, Leukatas, Leukatas, Leukolenos, Leukophruene, Liknites, Limenia, Limnaios, Limnatis, Logios, Lokhia, Lousia, Loxias, Lukaios, Lukeios, Lyaios, Lygodesma, Lykopis, Lyseus, Lysippe, Maimaktes, Mainomenos, Majestas, Makar, Maleatas, Manikos, Mantis, Marpe, Marpesia, Medusa, Megale, Meilikhios, Melaina, Melainis, Melanaigis, Melanippe,Melete, Melousa, Melpomene, Melqart, Meses, Mimnousa, Minotaur, Mneme, Molpadia,Monogenes, Morpho, Morychos, Musagates, Musagetes, Nebrodes, Nephelegereta, Nereus,Nete, Nike, Nikephoros, Nomios, Nomius, Notos , Nyktelios, Nyktipolos, Nympheuomene, Nysios, Oiketor, Okyale, Okypous, Olumpios, Omadios, Ombrios, Orithia,Orius,Ortheia, Orthos, Ourania, Ourios, Paelemona, Paian, Pais, Palaios, Pallas, Pan Megas, Panakhais, Pandemos, Pandrosos, Pantariste, Parthenos, PAsianax, Pasiphaessa, Pater, Pater, Patroo s, Pegasus, Pelagia, Penthesilea, Perikionios, Persephone, Petraios, Phanes, Phanter, Phatria, Philios, Philippis, Philomeides, Phoebe, Phoebus, Phoenix, Phoibos, Phosphoros, Phratrios, Phutalmios, Physis, Pisto, Plouton, Polemusa,Poliakhos, Polias, Polieus, Polumetis, Polydektes, Polygethes, Polymnia, Polymorphos, Polyonomos, Porne, Poseidon, Potnia Khaos, Potnia Pheron, Promakhos, Pronoia, Propulaios, Propylaia, Proserpine, Prothoe, Protogonos, Prytaneia, Psychopompos, Puronia, Puthios, Pyrgomache, Python, Rhea, Sabazios, Salpinx, satyr, Saxanus, Scyleia,Scylla, sirens, Skeptouchos, Smintheus, Sophia, Sosipolis, Soter, Soteria, Sphinx, Staphylos, Sthenias, Sthenios, Strife, Summakhia, Sykites, Syzygia, Tallaios, Taureos, Taurokeros, Taurophagos, Tauropolos, Tauropon, Tecmessa, Teisipyte, Teleios, Telepyleia,Teletarches, Terpsichore, Thalestris, Thalia, The Dioskouroi, Theos, Theritas, Thermodosa, Thraso, Thyonidas, Thyrsophoros, Tmolene, Toxaris, Toxis, Toxophile,Trevia, Tricephalus, Trieterikos, Trigonos, Trismegestos, Tritogeneia, Tropaios, Trophonius,Tumborukhos, Tyche, Typhon, Urania, Valasca, Xanthippe, Xenios, Zagreus, Zathos, Zephryos , Zeus, Zeus Katakhthonios, Zoophoros Topana
Native American: Gods, Heroes, and Anthropomorphized Facets of Nature
Aakuluujjusi, Ab Kin zoc, Abaangui , Ababinili , Ac Yanto, Acan, Acat, Achiyalatopa , Acna, Acolmiztli, Acolnahuacatl, Acuecucyoticihuati, Adamisil Wedo, Adaox , Adekagagwaa , Adlet , Adlivun, Agloolik , Aguara , Ah Bolom Tzacab, Ah Cancum, Ah Chun Caan, Ah Chuy Kak, Ah Ciliz, Ah Cun Can, Ah Cuxtal, Ah hulneb, Ah Kin, Ah Kumix Uinicob, Ah Mun, Ah Muzencab, Ah Patnar Uinicob, Ah Peku, Ah Puch, Ah Tabai, Ah UincirDz'acab, Ah Uuc Ticab, Ah Wink-ir Masa, Ahau Chamahez, Ahau-Kin, Ahmakiq, Ahnt Alis Pok', Ahnt Kai', Aholi , Ahsonnutli , Ahuic, Ahulane, Aiauh, Aipaloovik , Ajbit, Ajilee , Ajtzak, Akbaalia , Akba-atatdia , Akhlut , Akhushtal, Akna , Akycha, Alaghom Naom Tzentel, Albino Spirit animals , Alektca , Alignak, Allanque , Allowat Sakima , Alom, Alowatsakima , Amaguq , Amala , Amimitl, Amitolane, Amotken , Andaokut , Andiciopec , Anerneq , Anetlacualtiliztli, Angalkuq , Angpetu Wi, Anguta, Angwusnasomtaka , Ani Hyuntikwalaski , Animal spirits , Aningan, Aniwye , Anog Ite , Anpao, Apanuugak , Apicilnic , Apikunni , Apotamkin , Apoyan Tachi , Apozanolotl, Apu Punchau, Aqalax , Arendiwane , Arnakua'gsak , Asdiwal , Asgaya Gigagei, Asiaq , Asin , Asintmah, Atacokai , Atahensic, Aticpac Calqui Cihuatl, Atira, Atisokan , Atius Tirawa , Atl, Atlacamani, Atlacoya, Atlatonin, Atlaua, Atshen , Auilix, Aulanerk , Aumanil , Aunggaak , Aunt Nancy , Awaeh Yegendji , Awakkule , Awitelin Tsta , Awonawilona, Ayauhteotl, Azeban, Baaxpee , Bacabs, Backlum Chaam, Bagucks , Bakbakwalanooksiwae , Balam, Baldhead , Basamacha , Basket Woman , Bead Spitter , Bear , Bear Medicine Woman , Bear Woman , Beaver , Beaver Doctor , Big Heads, Big Man Eater , Big Tail , Big Twisted Flute , Bikeh hozho, Bitol, Black Hactcin , Black Tamanous , Blind Boy , Blind Man , Blood Clot Boy , Bloody Hand , Blue-Jay , Bmola , Bolontiku, Breathmaker, Buffalo , Buluc Chabtan, Burnt Belly , Burnt Face , Butterfly , Cabaguil, Cacoch, Cajolom, Cakulha, Camaxtli, Camozotz, Cannibal Grandmother , Cannibal Woman , Canotila , Capa , Caprakan, Ca-the-ña, Cauac, Centeotl, Centzonuitznaua, Cetan , Chac Uayab Xoc, Chac, Chahnameed , Chakwaina Okya, Chalchihuitlicue, Chalchiuhtlatonal, Chalchiutotolin, Chalmecacihuilt, Chalmecatl, Chamer, Changing Bear Woman , Changing Woman , Chantico, Chaob, Charred Body , Chepi , Chibiabos ,Chibirias, Chiccan, Chicomecoatl, Chicomexochtli, Chiconahui, Chiconahuiehecatl, Chie, Child-Born-in-Jug , Chirakan, Chulyen , Cihuacoatl, Cin-an-ev , Cinteotl, Cipactli, Cirapé , Cit Chac Coh, Cit-Bolon-Tum, Citlalatonac, Citlalicue, Ciucoatl, Ciuteoteo, Cizin, Cliff ogre , Coatlicue, Cochimetl, Cocijo, Colel Cab, Colop U Uichkin, Copil, Coyolxauhqui, Coyopa, Coyote , Cripple Boy , Crow , Crow Woman , Cum hau, Cunawabi , Dagwanoenyent , Dahdahwat , Daldal , Deohako, Dhol , Diyin dine , Djien , Djigonasee , Dohkwibuhch , Dzalarhons , Dzalarhons, Eagentci , Eagle , Earth Shaman , Eeyeekalduk , Ehecatl, Ehlaumel , Eithinoha , Ekchuah, Enumclaw , Eototo, Esaugetuh Emissee , Esceheman, Eschetewuarha, Estanatlehi , Estasanatlehi , Estsanatlehi, Evaki, Evening Star, Ewah , Ewauna, Face , Faces of the Forests , False Faces , Famine , Fastachee , Fire Dogs , First Creator , First Man and First Woman, First Scolder , Flint Man , Flood , Flower Woman , Foot Stuck Child , Ga'an, Ga-gaah , Gahe, Galokwudzuwis , Gaoh, Gawaunduk, Geezhigo-Quae, Gendenwitha, Genetaska, Ghanan, Gitche Manitou, Glispa, Glooskap , Gluscabi , Gluskab , Gluskap, Godasiyo, Gohone , Great Seahouse, Greenmantle , Gucumatz, Gukumatz, Gunnodoyak, Gyhldeptis, Ha Wen Neyu , Hacauitz , Hacha'kyum, Hagondes , Hahgwehdiyu , Hamatsa , Hamedicu, Hanghepi Wi, Hantceiitehi , Haokah , Hastseoltoi, Hastshehogan , He'mask.as , Hen, Heyoka , Hiawatha , Hino, Hisakitaimisi, Hokhokw , Hotoru, Huehuecoyotl, Huehueteotl, Huitaca , Huitzilopochtli, Huixtocihuatl, Hummingbird, Hun hunahpu, Hun Pic Tok, Hunab Ku, Hunahpu Utiu, Hunahpu, Hunahpu-Gutch, Hunhau, Hurakan, Iatiku And Nautsiti, Ich-kanava , Ictinike , Idliragijenget , Idlirvirisong, Igaluk , Ignirtoq , Ikanam , Iktomi , Ilamatecuhtli, Illapa, Ilya p'a, i'noGo tied , Inti, Inua , Ioskeha , Ipalnemohuani, Isakakate, Ishigaq , Isitoq , Issitoq , Ite , Itzamná, Itzananohk`u, Itzlacoliuhque, Itzli, Itzpapalotl, Ix Chebel Yax, Ixbalanque, Ixchel, Ixchup, Ixmucane, Ixpiyacoc, Ixtab, Ixtlilton, Ixtubtin, Ixzaluoh, Iya , Iyatiku , Iztaccihuatl, Iztacmixcohuatl, Jaguar Night, Jaguar Quitze, Jogah , Kaakwha , Kabun , Kabun , Kachinas, Kadlu , Ka-Ha-Si , Ka-Ha-Si , Kaik , Kaiti , Kan, Kana'ti and Selu , Kanati, Kan-u-Uayeyab, Kan-xib-yui, Kapoonis , Katsinas, Keelut , Ketchimanetowa, Ketq Skwaye, Kianto, Kigatilik , Kilya, K'in, Kinich Ahau, Kinich Kakmo, Kishelemukong , Kisin, Kitcki Manitou, Kmukamch , Kokopelli , Ko'lok , Kukulcan, Kushapatshikan , Kutni , Kutya'I , Kwakwakalanooksiwae ,Kwatee , Kwekwaxa'we , Kwikumat , Kyoi , Lagua , Land Otter People , Lawalawa , Logobola , Loha, Lone Man , Long Nose , Loon , Loon Medicine , Loon Woman , Loo-wit, Macaw Woman, Macuilxochitl, Maho Peneta, Mahucutah, Makenaima , Malesk , Malina , Malinalxochi, Malsum, Malsumis , Mam, Mama Cocha, Man in moon , Manabozho , Manetuwak , Mani'to, Manitou , Mannegishi , Manu, Masaya, Masewi , Master of Life , Master Of Winds, Matshishkapeu , Mavutsinim , Mayahuel, Medeoulin , Mekala , Menahka, Meteinuwak , Metztli, Mexitl, Michabo, Mictecacihuatl, Mictlan, Mictlantecuhtli, Mikchich , Mikumwesu , Mitnal, Mixcoatl, Mongwi Kachinum , Morning Star, Motho and Mungo , Mulac, Muut , Muyingwa , Nacon, Nagenatzani, Nagi Tanka , Nagual, Nahual, Nakawé, Nanabojo, Nanabozho , Nanabush, Nanahuatzin, Nanautzin, Nanih Waiya, Nankil'slas , Nanook , Naum, Negafook , Nerrivik , Nesaru, Nianque , Nishanu , Nohochacyum, Nokomis, Nootaikok , North Star, Nujalik , Nukatem , Nunne Chaha , Ocasta, Ockabewis, Odzihozo , Ohtas , Oklatabashih, Old Man , Olelbis, Omacatl, Omecihuatl, Ometecuhtli, Onatha , One Tail of Clear Hair , Oonawieh Unggi , Opochtli, Oshadagea, Owl Woman , Pah , Pah, Paiowa, Pakrokitat , Pana , Patecatl, Pautiwa, Paynal, Pemtemweha , Piasa , Pikváhahirak , Pinga , Pomola , Pot-tilter , Prairie Falcon , Ptehehincalasanwin , Pukkeenegak , Qaholom, Qakma, Qiqirn , Quaoar , Quetzalcoatl, Qumu , Quootis-hooi, Rabbit, Ragno, Raven, Raw Gums , Rukko, Sagamores , Sagapgia , Sanopi , Saynday , Sedna, Selu, Shakuru, Sharkura, Shilup Chito Osh, Shrimp house, Sila , Sint Holo , Sio humis, Sisiutl , Skan , Snallygaster , Sosondowah , South Star, Spider Woman , Sta-au , Stonecoats , Sun, Sungrey , Ta Tanka , Tabaldak , Taime , Taiowa , Talocan, Tans , Taqwus , Tarhuhyiawahku, Tarquiup Inua , Tate , Tawa, Tawiscara, Ta'xet , Tcisaki , Tecciztecatl, Tekkeitserktock, Tekkeitsertok , Telmekic , Teoyaomqui, Tepeu, Tepeyollotl, Teteoinnan, Tezcatlipoca, Thobadestchin, Thoume', Thunder , Thunder Bird , Tieholtsodi, Tihtipihin , Tirawa , Tirawa Atius, Tlacolotl, Tlahuixcalpantecuhtli, Tlaloc, Tlaltecuhtli, Tlauixcalpantecuhtli, Tlazolteotl, Tohil, Tokpela ,Tonantzin , Tonatiuh, To'nenile, Tonenili , Tootega , Torngasak, Torngasoak , TricksteTransformer , True jaguar, Tsentsa, Tsichtinako, Tsohanoai Tsonoqwa , Tsul 'Kalu , Tulugaak , Tumas , Tunkan ingan, Turquoise Boy , Twin Thunder Boys, Txamsem , Tzakol, Tzitzimime, Uazzale , Uchtsiti, Udó , Uentshukumishiteu , Ueuecoyotl, Ugly Way , Ugni , Uhepono , Uitzilopochtli, Ukat , Underwater Panthers , Unhcegila , Unipkaat , Unk, Unktomi , Untunktahe , Urcaguary, Utea , Uwashil , Vassagijik , Voltan, Wabosso , Wabun , Wachabe, Wah-Kah-Nee, Wakan , Wakanda , Wakan-Tanka, Wakinyan , Wan niomi , Wanagi , Wananikwe , Watavinewa , Water babies , Waukheon , We-gyet , Wemicus , Wendigo , Wentshukumishiteu , White Buffalo Woman, Whope , Wi , Wicahmunga , Wihmunga , Windigo, Winonah, Wisagatcak , Wisagatcak, Wishpoosh , Wiyot , Wovoka , Wuya , Xaman Ek, Xelas , Xibalba, Xilonen, Xipe Totec, Xiuhcoatl, Xiuhtecuhtli, Xiuhtecutli, Xmucane, Xochipili , Xochiquetzal, Xocotl, Xolotl, Xpiyacoc, Xpuch And Xtah, Yacatecuhtli, Yaluk, Yanauluha , Ya-o-gah , Yeba Ka, Yebaad, Yehl , Yeitso, Yiacatecuhtli, Yolkai Estsan, Yoskeha , Yum Kaax, Yuwipi , Zaramama, Zipaltonal, Zotz
Norse Deities, Giants and Monsters:
Aegir, Aesir, Alfrigg, Audumbla, Aurgelmir, Balder, Berchta, Bergelmir, Bor, Bragi, Brisings, Buri, Etin, Fenris, Forseti, Frey, Freyja, Frigga, Gefion, Gerda, Gode, Gymir, Harke, Heimdall, Hel, Hermod, Hodur, Holda, Holle, Honir, Hymir, Idun, Jormungandr, Ljolsalfs, Loki, Magni, Mimir, Mistarblindi, Muspel, Nanna, Nanni, Nerthus, Njord, Norns, Odin, Perchta, Ran, Rig, Segyn, Sif, Skadi, Skirnir, Skuld, Sleipnir, Surt, Svadilfari, tanngniotr, tanngrisnr, Thiassi, Thor, Thrud, Thrudgelmir, Thrym, Thurs, Tyr, Uller, Urd, Vali, Vali, Valkyries, Vanir, Ve, Verdandi, Vidar, Wode, Ymir
Pacific islands: Deities, Demigods and Immortal Monsters:
Abeguwo, Abere, Adaro, Afekan, Ai Tupua'i, 'Aiaru, Ala Muki, Alalahe, Alii Menehune, Aluluei, Aruaka, Asin, Atanea, Audjal, Aumakua, Babamik, Bakoa, Barong, Batara Kala, Buring Une, Darago, Dayang-Raca, De Ai, Dogai, Enda Semangko, Faumea, Giriputri, Goga, Haumea, Hiiaka', Hina, Hine, Hoa-Tapu, 'Imoa, Io, Kanaloa, Kanaloa, Kane, Kapo, Kava, Konori, Ku, Kuhuluhulumanu, Kuklikimoku, Kukoae, Ku'ula, Laka, Laulaati, Lono, Mahiuki, MakeMake, Marruni, Maru, Maui, Melu, Menehune, Moeuhane, MOO-LAU, Ndauthina, Ne Te-reere, Nevinbimbaau, Ngendei, Nobu, Oro, Ove, Paka'a, Papa, Pele, Quat, Rangi, Rati, Rati-mbati-ndua, Ratu-Mai-Mbula, Rua, Ruahatu, Saning Sri, Ta'aroa, Taaroa, Tamakaia, Tane, Tanemahuta, Tangaroa, Tawhaki, Tiki, Tinirau, Tu, Tuli, Turi-a-faumea, Uira, Ukupanipo, Ulupoka, Umboko Indra, Vanuatu, Wahini-Hal, Walutahanga, Wari-Ma-Te-Takere, Whaitiri, Whatu, Wigan
South American: Deities, Demigods, Beings of Divine Substance:
Abaangui, Aclla, Akewa, Asima Si, Atoja, Auchimalgen, Axomama, Bachué, Beru, Bochica, Boiuna, Calounger, Catequil, Cavillaca, Ceiuci, Chasca, Chie, Cocomama, Gaumansuri, Huitaca, Iae, Ilyap'a, Ina, Inti, Ituana, Jamaina , Jandira, Jarina, Jubbu-jang-sangne, Ka-ata-killa, Kilya, Kuat, Kun, Luandinha, Lupi, Mama Allpa, Mama Quilla, Mamacocha, Manco Capac, Maret-Jikky, Maretkhmakniam, Mariana, Oshossi, Pachamac, Pachamama, Perimbó, Rainha Barba, Si, Supai, Topétine, Viracocha, Yemanja (Imanje), Zume
submitted by dreamer100__
to atheism [link] [comments]
2023.05.28 16:34 shawn19 Healthy Living: Healthy Summer Eating - Erie News Now WICU and WSEE in Erie, PA
2023.05.28 07:30 CobraKiller426 WAMC - please help and be realistic
From medically underserved, rural area but ORM; I want to give back and care in underserved area
508: 126/128/126/128 To a 513: 128/129/130/126 (taken while working full time, not sure what happened in psych soc)
3.83 gpa 3.8 sGPA
Work at big name hospital in northeast doing paid clinical
Have strong LoR all around, especially from an MD who is PI
Prestigious undergrad (not ivy but close)
500+ unpaid research 200+ hours non clinical volunteering 0 hours clinical volunteering (couldn’t get into hospitals because of covid) 2000+ hours paid clinical 286+ hours shadowing surgery or clinical 2000+ hours Varsity college athlete 1300+ hours job not healthcare 100+ leadership 300+ hobbies
No pubs but gave poster presentation
I’m applying in state from NY but strong ties to PA (born and raised there but now live in NY)
Not sure of my chances overall and which MD schools to target honestly (only intending to apply MD). Would appreciate any kind input!
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to premed [link] [comments]
2023.05.28 04:51 Junior_Button5882 11 Terrifying-But-True Horror Stories Reported in the News - From fatal exorcisms to unexplained deaths and devil worship—these are some real-life nightmares.
A terrifying movie
gets your blood pumping in the moment of consumption, sure—we covered our eyes in Squid Game
with the rest of the world. But for the most part, you rest easy afterward knowing that what you've witnessed is fiction, deliberately spun up to creep you out. When the real world gets eerier than anything Stephen King
could dream up, that's
when you have every right to get a little scared of the dark.
Once in a while, a story of a dreadful disappearance, demonic possession, or devil worship will land in the local paper instead of a pulpy old paperback. We've rounded up the most unnerving real-life tales below. In honor of spooky season, here are eleven we can't stop thinking about.
The Axe Murder House
The Villisca Axe Murder House in Villisca, Iowa is a well-known tourist attraction for ghost hunters and horror lovers alike. The site of a gruesome unsolved 1912 murder, in which six children and two adults had their skulls completely crushed by the axe of an unknown perpetrator, was purchased in 1994, restored to its 1912 condition, and converted into a tourist destination. It costs $428 a night to stay
at the old haunted home, where visitors always report strange paranormal experiences, such as visions of a man with an axe roaming the halls or the faint screams of children.
But in November of 2014, the haunting took a darker turn. Robert Steven Laursen Jr., 37, of Rhinelander, Wisconsin was on a regular recreational paranormal visit with friends when true horror struck. Per VICE
His companions found him stabbed in the chest—an apparently self-inflicted wound—called 9-1-1, and Laursen was brought to a nearby hospital before being helicoptered to Creighton University Medical Center in Omaha.
The Montgomery County Sheriff’s Office said
Laursen suffered the self-inflicted injury at about 12:45 a.m., which is around the same time the 1912 axe murders in the house began.
Laursen recovered from his injuries, but has never spoken publicly about what occurred that day. For Martha Linn, the owner of the home, the incident was very upsetting. "It's publicity, but it's not exactly the kind of publicity you desire to have. I don't want people thinking that when they come to the Villisca Axe Murder House something's going to happen that's going to make them do something like that.” The house remains open for tourist visits and overnight stays today.
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The Haunted Doll
When you think of haunted dolls, it’s likely the creepy old Victorian-looking porcelain kind that springs to mind. None of which you probably have laying around. Still, don’t get too comfortable around any kids toys too soon, though: a Disney’s Frozen
Elsa doll that was gifted for Christmas 2013 in the Houston area made headlines earlier this year when it seemingly became haunted.
Per KPRC2 Houston News:
The doll recited phrases from the movie Frozen and sang “Let It Go” when a button on its necklace was pressed.
“For two years it did that in English,” mother Emily Madonia said. “In 2015, it started doing it alternating between Spanish and English. There wasn’t a button that changed these, it was just random."
The family has owned the doll for more than six years and never changed its batteries. The mother says the doll would randomly begin to speak and sing even with its switch turned off.
The family decided to throw the creepy doll out in December of 2019. Weeks later, they found it inside a bench in their living room. “The kids insisted they didn’t put it there, and I believed them because they wouldn’t have dug through the garbage outside,” Madonia told KPRC2 Houston News.
At that point, Elsa ceased to sing the English rendition of “Let It Go” altogether, speaking only Spanish when pressed. The family then double-bagged the bizarre doll and placed it at the bottom of their garbage which was taken out on garbage day. They went on a trip shortly after, but when they returned, Elsa too had come back, and was waiting in the backyard of their home.
This time, the family mailed Elsa to a family friend in Minnesota, who taped the haunted doll to the front bumper of his truck. It doesn’t seem to have made its way back to Houston yet, as per Madonia’s latest February Facebook update
on the creepy doll.
A Deadly Exorcism
In August 2016 in North London, 26-year-old Kennedy Ife began acting strange and aggressive following a pain in his throat. He reportedly bit his father, threatened to cut off his own penis, and complained of a python or snake inside of him before his family restrained him to a bed with cable ties and excessive force.
As the BBC reported
“The family then set about attempting to ‘cure’ Kennedy through restraint and prayer over the next three days, the court was told.”
His brother, Colin Ife, told
“It’s clear that thing was in him, what we believed was a demon because it was not natural. It was clearly trying to kill him,” he said.
“We had to restrain him for himself. It was clear if we didn’t restrain him, he could have tried to harm people in our family.”
Kennedy Ife had been bound to his bed for three days without medical attention when his brother called emergency services, explaining that Kennedy Ife was complaining of dehydration. He appeared to have developed breathing issues, and was pronounced dead at 10:17 a.m.
As The Independent reported
While police were at the house Colin Ife allegedly carried out an “attempted resurrection” by chanting and praying for Mr. Ife.
All seven of Kennedy Ife’s family members were accused of manslaughter, false imprisonment, and causing or allowing the death of a vulnerable adult. A post-mortem examination revealed over 60 wounds including a possible bite on Kennedy Ife’s body, and his father, Kenneth Ife, along with four of his brothers, sustained injuries as well.
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The BBC reported
Kenneth Ife told jurors he ordered his sons to take shifts and use "overwhelming force" but denied that an "association with cults, occults and secret societies" played any part in the death.
After a four day jury deliberation
, all seven family members were cleared of charges on March 14, 2019.
📷Witches prepare themselves for a journey by broomstick to the Black Mountain, circa 1650. From a 17th century Dutch copperplate by Adrianus Hubertus.Hulton Archive
Dead Animals in the Walls
When the Bretzuis family decided to insulate their home in Auburn, Pennsylvania in 2015, they discovered that it had already been—with scores of dead animal carcasses.
As Fox reported
The dead animals were wrapped in newspapers from the 1930s and 40s and were among half-used spices, and other items.
After removing the items they sent hundreds of artifacts and carcasses to an expert in Kutztown.
The expert attributed the rotting animals in their walls to Pow-wow or Dutch magic, a ritual originating in the culture of the Pennsylvania Dutch to treat ailments and gain physical and spiritual protection. The Pennsylvania Dutch were a group of German-speaking settlers to Pennsylvania in the 1600 and 1700’s, and are often of Lutheran, Mennonite, or Amish faiths.
The Washington Post notes
on the magic:
Many of the spells deal with the care of livestock, finding water, or the treatment of minor ailments, reflecting the conditions and concerns of early American settlers.
But powwow also has within it a tradition of darker spells, and even of such things as conjuring demons.
One notable ritual in their tradition is this hex
to create loyalty in a dog:
To attach a dog to a person, provided nothing else was used before to effect it: Try to draw some of your blood, and let the dog eat it along with his food, and he will stay with you.
The mold found on the rotting carcasses in the Bretzuis home has caused illness among the family members, and they say that the odor hasn’t gone away.
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Florida Devil Worshipping
Friends noticed that Danielle Harkins, a 35-year-old schoolteacher near St. Petersburg, Florida, started acting strangely in June of 2012, developing an interest in demonic rituals.
Soon after, she was arrested for abuse of seven of her former students, as the Tampa Bay Times reported
Danielle Harkins told the kids they needed to rid their bodies of demons as the group gathered before dusk Saturday around a small fire near the St. Petersburg Pier. They should cut their skin to let the evil spirits out, police said she told the children. Then, they needed to burn the wounds to ensure that those spirits would not return.
When Harkins held a lighter to one teen's hand, wind blew the flame out, police said. That prompted her to douse his hand in perfume before setting it on fire. The boy suffered second-degree burns, police said.
Another teen was cut on the neck with a broken bottle, police said. Harkins used a flame to heat a small key, which she then used to cauterize the wound.
The police were notified because a friend of one of the students who participated in the ritual raised alarms. However none of the students themselves told their parents about the event or would comment following the arrest of Harkins for aggravated battery and child abuse.
Investigators said they've spoken to Harkins, but she didn't spell out what type of religion would require such drastic measures.
"She hasn't informed us exactly what she was trying to accomplish with this," Puetz [of the St. Petersburg Police Department] said.
The Death of Elisa Lam
Elisa Lam was last seen on January 31, 2013 in the lobby of the Cecil Hotel in downtown Los Angeles. She was vacationing through the West Coast, documenting the trip on her blog, and checking in with her parents every day. On January 31 those calls stopped. Lam had vanished. Soon the police were involved and her parents arrived to help with the search.
They had nothing. That February, LAPD released elevator surveillance footage of Lam before her disappearance. The footage shows Lam behaving strangely in the elevator, appearing to talk with invisible people, peering around the corner of the door, crouching in the corner, and opening and closing the door. But what exactly is going on in this video raises more questions than answers. Theories range from psychotic episodes, to demonic possession, to unknown assailants just out of the camera's view:
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Around that time, hotel guests started reported weird things happening with the Cecil Hotel water supply. As CNN reports
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"The shower was awful," said Sabina Baugh, who spent eight days there during the investigation. "When you turned the tap on, the water was coming black first for two seconds and then it was going back to normal."The tap water "tasted horrible," Baugh said. "It had a very funny, sweety, disgusting taste. It's a very strange taste. I can barely describe it."But for a week, they never complained. "We never thought anything of it," she said. "We thought it was just the way it was here."
On the morning of February 19, a hotel employee climbed to the roof and used a ladder to investigate the hotel's water storage tanks. That's where authorities found the decomposing, naked body of Lam, whose personal items were found nearby. After an autopsy, her death was labeled accidental. NBC Los Angeles reported at the time
about the strange circumstances in the hotel's past:
The tank has a metal latch that can be opened, but authorities said access to the roof is secured with an alarm and lock.The single-room-occupancy hotel has an unusual history. "Night Stalker" Richard Ramirez, who was found guilty of 14 slayings in the 1980s, lived on the 14th floor for several months in 1985. And international serial killer Jack Unterweger is suspected of murdering three prostitutes during the time he lived there in 1991. He killed himself in jail in 1994.In 1962, a female occupant jumped out of one the hotel's windows, killing herself and a pedestrian on whom she landed.
In February 2021, a Netflix doc
called Crime Scene: The Vanishing at the Cecil Hotel
explored Elisa's tragic case and the history of the "cursed" Cecil Hotel
An Exorcism in Indianapolis
Last year, the Indianapolis Star published a lengthy report
on a family terrorized by three children allegedly possessed by demons. The account of Latoya Ammons and her family tells disturbing stories of children climbing up the walls, getting thrown across rooms, and children threatening doctors in deep unnatural voices. It would seem like something straight out of a movie–a work of fantasy, except all of these accounts were more or less corroborated with "nearly 800 pages of official records obtained by the Indianapolis Star and recounted in more than a dozen interviews with police, DCS personnel, psychologists, family members and a Catholic priest."
One of the more chilling sections of the report includes a segment about the possessed 9-year-old:
According to Washington's original DCS report—an account corroborated by Walker, the nurse—the 9-year-old had a "weird grin" and walked backward up a wall to the ceiling. He then flipped over Campbell, landing on his feet. He never let go of his grandmother's hand.
Another segment of the piece reads:
The 12-year-old would later tell mental health professionals that she sometimes felt as if she were being choked and held down so she couldn't speak or move. She said she heard a voice say she'd never see her family again and wouldn't live another 20 minutes.
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In September of 2014, a Utah teen returned to his home to find his parents and three siblings dead. "In a notebook, a 'to-do list' had been scribbled on the pages ... The list looked as if the parents were readying to go on vacation—items such as 'feed the pets' and 'find someone to watch after the house' were written," The Salt Lake Tribune reported
. It appeared to be murder-suicide, but there was no suicide note, no prior indication that they would do this, no explanation. Police could not figure out why two parents would kill themselves and three of their four children.
For a year, no one knew exactly what happened to the family, or what would drive the parents to do something so unthinkable. In January, police released more chilling details in the case. According to accounts from family members and an investigation by police, the parents were driven by a belief that the apocalypse was coming and an obsession with a convicted killer. As the Washington Post reported
Friends and family told police that the parents were worried about the "evil in the world" and wanted to escape a "pending apocalypse." But most assumed they just wanted to move somewhere "off the grid." Investigators also found letters written by Kristi Strack to one of the state's most infamous convicted killers, Dan Lafferty, who was convicted in the 1984 fatal stabbing of his sister-in-law and her 1-year-old daughter. According to trial testimony, he killed the victims at the order of his brother, Ron Lafferty, who claimed to have had a revelation from God. The story became a book called "Under the Banner of Heaven."Police said Kristi Strack became friends with Dan Lafferty, and she and her husband even visited him in prison.
The Phone Stalker
In 2007, ABC news documented
a series of cell phone calls to families with terrifyingly specific death threats. The unidentified callers knew exactly what families were doing and what they were wearing.
The families say the calls come in at all hours of the night, threatening to kill their children, their pets and grandparents. Voice mails arrive, playing recordings of their private conversations, including one with a local police detective.The caller knows, the families said, what they're wearing and what they're doing. And after months of investigating, police seem powerless to stop them.
This went on with the Kuykenall family for months, who reported a caller with a scratchy voice threatening to slit their throats.
When the Fircrest, Wash., police tried to find the culprit, the calls were traced back to the Kuykendalls' own phones -- even when they were turned off.It got worse. The Kuykendalls and two other Fircrest families told ABC News that they believe the callers are using their cell phones to spy on them. They say the hackers know their every move: where they are, what they're doing and what they're wearing. The callers have recorded private conversations, the families and police said, including a meeting with a local detective.
After moving into their $1.3 million dream home, a New Jersey family started receiving creepy death threats from someone who identified themselves as "The Watcher." As CBS News reported
earlier this year:
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Since moving in, the owners said they have received numerous letters from the mysterious person. "The Watcher" claimed the home "has been the subject of my family for decades," and "I have been put in charge of watching and waiting for its second coming," Castro reported.The new owners have several children, and other letters asked, "Have they found out what's in the walls yet?" and "I am pleased to know your names now, and the name of the young blood you have brought to me."
The family was forced to flee from their home and later filed a lawsuit against the previous owners.
Issei the Cannibal
In 1974, 24-year-old Wako University student Issei Sagawa allegedly followed a German woman to her home in Tokyo, Japan, broke into her apartment while she was sleeping, and attempted to cut a piece of flesh off her body to consume. When she awoke, she reportedly fought him and he was later captured by the police. According to a 2012 Vice
documentary that covered Issei's bizarre story, he was mistakenly charged with attempted rape and his wealthy father paid the victim a settlement outside of court to have the charges dropped.
Seven years later, in 1981, he allegedly committed a murder in France—shooting and eating a fellow University student, Renée Hartevelt. Issei creepily documented the entire experience with photographs and he was captured by authorities once again while attempting to dump the rest of her body in the Bois de Boulogne lake. He was deported back to Japan and committed to a mental institution. For reason unknown, his psychologists in Japan declared that he was sane. Furthermore, a legal technicality involving the French government refusing to turn over the documents from his case meant that his murder charges were dropped completely. He checked himself out of the mental hospital and has reportedly been walking the streets as a free man ever since. Issei has even become a controversial celebrity, writing over 20 books. According to Japan Today
, he most recently fantasized about an unnamed TV actress, saying: "I'll catch a glimpse of her thigh and think, 'That sure looks tasty.' But I don't feel like I actually want to eat it. As I accomplished the act of cannibalism once, there's no meaning to maintaining the desire for it anymore. In my book, I wrote that it [human flesh] was tasty, but that was not really true; I'd much rather eat Matsuzaka (Kobe) beef. But because I'd desired to consume human flesh for so long, I'd managed to convince myself that it would necessarily be delicious."
Issei Sagawa was also referenced in the Rolling Stones song "Too Much Blood," with the lyrics reading: "And when he ate her he took her bones/To the Bois de Boulogne." He is currently
73 years old and continues to live in Kawaski City, Japan. To this day, no one knows why France did not allow Japan to give him a trial.
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2023.05.27 20:13 mingmingt Can the wisdom of reddit help me with a school list?
I've been trying to develop a realistic school list, and I'd appreciate the wisdom/knowledge of people more familiar with these locations/schools than I am. I mostly know only Virginia and PA schools. Here's my stats and school list: (also sorry if I put the wrong flair).
- White-Asian female; Virginia Resident, 2nd time applying (2021-2022 rejected)
- 3.6 GPA/519 MCAT (2021-2022 3.7/516)
- mechanical engineering undergrad (2020)
- 800 hours PCT - (did not have this last time)
- 1300 hrs engineer (leadership)
- 3500 hrs undergrad/grad research, no pubs (3rd-year engineering master's student, (hiccups wrapping up my thesis))
- 1000 hrs TA/tutoring
- 300 hrs ish non-clinical volunteering/teaching with underserved adult learners
- 175 hrs shadowing
My stats were similar in the 2021-2022 cycle, but I had no clinical experience. Tried to fix that this cycle.
What schools should I add/remove? My essays are more teamwork/clinical/leadership oriented than research, although I did enjoy research. I've put some info on how I fared with them last time. Based on that, which others might be a good fit? Thanks in advance for any advice/knowledge!
My current school list:
- UPitt (rejected last time), but I work in an affiliated hospital now
- NYU Grossman
- VCU (waitlisted last time)
- EVMS (waitlisted last time)
- UVA (rejected last time)
- Carle Illinois
- UCSF (post secondary rejection)
- George Washington
- UNC Chapel Hill
- Boston U
- Albert Einstein
- VT Carillion (rejected last time)
- Wake Forest
And I also have several DO's I'll apply to as well, but I've narrowed down that list already. Any knowledge/input about these from a more insider perspective would be super helpful! Thanks fam!
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2023.05.27 10:00 NoDoctor4460 1960s Otto Nasser’s Pink Pig menu, Van Nuys, California
2023.05.27 09:25 koumak Peter Dekker spreading misconceptions about East Asian archery history
Peter Dekker constantly pushes his own website manchuarchery wherever he can in Asian archery related sites.
Dekker claimed Manchus introduced the Qing style short range bow to Han people when the exact same style of bow was present among Han before the Qing for 2,000 years. https://historum.com/t/evolution-of-chinese-bows-and-the-myth-of-the-manchu-bow.124269/
another primary source saying Han people in the Ming had the same style of bow as Manchus already, only the string was different with Han using silk and Manchus using beef tendon. https://historum.com/t/17th-century-military-bow-from-china.193936/#post-3685772
Peter Dekker is not a historian (u/PeterDekker
). He's an amateur arms collector but he's become famous in archery circles for pushing his own website full of bad history. http://www.manchuarchery.org/did-qing-ban-archery-mongolia
In the seventeenth-century the Manchus set out to overthrow the Ming in order to establish their own Qing dynasty. Mongolia was far from a unified country when the Qing came to power, and consisted of many tribes that fought each other. During their rise, Manchu leaders forged alliances with various Mongolian tribes such as the Khalkha and the Chahars who were to be incorporated in the army of the Qing dynasty. The Manchu and Mongolian troops allied under the Qing fought alongside each other to conquer the Ming. They also fought any Mongolian tribes that still opposed the Qing. When the Dzunghars attacked the Khalkhas the Kangxi emperor granted many fleeing Khalkhas asylum under the Qing and set out to a series of punitive expeditions against the Dzunghars that ultimately lead to the extermination of the Dzunghars by Kangxi's grandson, the Qianlong emperor.
This entire paragraph is full of lies.
Majority of Khalkha Outer Mongolians didn't join the Qing dynasty until 1691, DECADES after the Qing-Ming war, because Dzungars threatened to invade Outer Mongolia. They didn't want to join the Qing but were forced to under threat of the Dzungars. So how could the majority of Khalkhas be engaged in the war against the Ming?
The Chahar Inner Mongolians didn't voluntarily join the Qing, the Chahars under Ligdan Khan were allied with the Ming dynasty until the Qing conquered the Chahars with violent force in 1635, defeating Ligdan Khan and his son Ejei Khan. Ligdan Khan's second son Abunai and his grandsons Borni and Lubuzung led Chahars in revolting against the Qing in 1675 but their revolt was crushed and they were executed, ending the senior line of Northern Yuan. They were violently conquered by the Qing and tried to rebel and leave Qing rule. The Khalkha Outer Mongol prince Chingünjav tried rebelling against the Qing in 1755 and he was executed in 1757.
In the 1911 revolution against the Qing, Outer Mongols took the chance to seceded from Qing rule and massacre Manchu bannermen, only the Eight Banner Mongols were loyal to the Qing.
The Mongols that the Qing forged alliances were with the Khorchin, not with the Chahars and Khalkhda who were either brought in by violent conquest or intimidation from the Dzungars.
The Mongolians that joined the Qing enjoyed the same privileges as the Manchu ruling elite such as monthly pay in silver, rice stipends, and exemption from torture when caught for a crime. Also like the Manchus, they could not take on any other profession than warrior or government official. They were literally "the emperor's men", who was seen as a Khan by his Mongolian subjects. Mongolian tribes that joined during the early stages were enlisted under the Manchu banners, and those that joined after the initial conquest were divided under separate Mongolian banners, but all with the same privileges as the Manchu banners. A lot of intermarriage further strengthened the relationships of the Manchu - Mongol warrior class of the Qing. Right after the fall of the Qing, all bannermen, whether Manchu, Mongolian or Chinese, were considered "Manchu" by the new government. Their ties were that close.
Again this paragraph is full of inaccuracies and lies. The Mongols who defected voluntarily to the Qing before 1620 were mostly Khorchin who were placed in the Mongol Eight Banners, NOT in the Manchu banners, and the rest of the Mongols who were conquered or forced to submit to the Qing in 1635 and 1691 were NOT placed in the Eight Banner system at all, but in an entirely separate territorial administrative system (which used the name banner but had nothing to do with the Eight banners) and didn't get any privileges like stipends or exemptions from torture.
These Mongols were in fact subjected to an apartheid system by Manchus. There were also Han bannermen who were later moved into Manchu banners for various reasons.
ONLY Eight Banner Mongols were exempted from torture. The majority of Mongols under Qing rule were ordinary Mongols in the administrative unit leagues and territorial banners (which are NOT the Eight Banners) were subjected to an apartheid system by Manchu karun cooha (border guards). They were NOT exempt from torture, they were NOT given stipends and they were forbidden from leaving their own leagues and banners and from crossing the Great Wall or else they would be severely punished by Manchu guards and even enslaved. Ordinary Mongols needed to apply for special internet passports from the Qing government to league their leagues or banners to go on pilgrimage to Buddhist sties like Wutaishan or Tibet.
The Eight Banner system had Manchu Eight Banners, Mongol Eight Banners, and Han Eight Banners. They lived in walled off garrisons throughout the Qing empire. All of them received free stipends (including Han Eight Bannermen), while Manchu and Mongol Eight Banners were exempted from beatings during interrogations etc. which is meant by exemption from torture (but certainly not exempt from death penalty if the case called for it).
Outside of the Eight Banner system were ordinary Mongol civilians of the leagues and territorial banners (majority of Mongols) and Han civilians, and Tibetans and Uyghurs and other ethnic minorities. Ordinary Mongol civilians never received free stipends, they could be tortured and beaten in interrogations and for punishment unlike Eight Banner Mongols.
The Eight Banner Mongols were the first to voluntarily submit to Nurhaci under Later Jin which became the Qing which is why their received privileges.
However, the rest of the Mongols were violently conquered or came under Qing rule by coercion. The Qing dynasty violently conquered Chahar Inner Mongolians under Ligdan Khan, and Khalkha Outer Mongols only submitted to the Qing dynasty under threat from the Dzungars. The Qing dynasty committed genocide against Oirat Mongols Dzungars by violently ethnic cleansing Dzungaria.
Eight Banner Mongols placed Qing needs over the needs of the non-Eight Banner Mongols in Outer and Inner Mongolia. Eight Banner Mongol officials sent by the Qing to reform Inner and Outer Mongolia in the early 1900s during the attempted modernisation and new policies by the Qing acted against local Mongol interests and helped settle more non-Mongols on their land. Their loyalty was to the Qing emperor, not to Mongolhood.
Furthermore, many Han assimilated into Mongols by intermarrying with Mongol women, like the originally Han Wang family among the Khorchin which joined the Qing and were classified as Mongols by the Qing as they helped the Qing conquer Inner Mongolia and fight against Li Zicheng and the southern Ming dynasty.
The Qing dynasty nominally banned both Mongol civilians and Han civilians from crossing the Great Wall into each other's lands and banned both from crossing the willow palisade into Jilin and Heilongjiang and areas near the Mongol border, however the policy was more harshly enforced against Mongol civilians, Han civilians who got caught mushroom poaching were mostly just beaten and sent back while Han merchants and peasants got away entirely and managed to settle in Inner and Outer Mongolia (marrying Mongol women and becoming the "Mongol followers").
Professor Uradyn E Bulag on the apartheid system Manchus imposed on non-Banner Mongol civilians. https://books.openedition.org/obp/1527?lang=en
an article about assimilation of Han immigrants into Mongol ethnicity (non-Eight banner Mongols) through marriage to Mongol civilian women. It mentions the Han Chinese Wang family who assimilated into Khorchin Mongols and helped the Qing conquer other Mongols. https://search.proquest.com/openview/5c6d78516e80433b02e24bbac4409096/1.pdf?pq-origsite=gscholar&cbl=18750&diss=y
Borjigin Burensain, an ethnic Mongol also wrote about Mongols assimilating ethnic Han into Mongol ethnicity through marriage to Mongol women including the Wang family among the Khorchin who helped the Qing conquer the rest of Mongolia and fight the Ming. https://www.jstor.org/stable/23615320
The "Mongol Eight Banners" were entirely different from the territorial banners of Inner Mongolia which had their own names (not named after colours unlike the Eight banners) and even different from the Chahar Eight Banners. https://epdf.tips/constructing-suiyuan-the-politics-of-northwestern-territory-and-development-in-e.html
Buddhist church, and most importantly, a system of banners quite different in conception to the Eight Banner system.58 For those Mongols not reorganised within the Eight Banner system, the Qing emphasised lineal descent from the Yuan royal house as the primary defining feature of Mongol collective identity.
Manchu and Mongol Bannermen, the ability to participate in the imperial civil service examinations was one of the privileges of Bannerman life that distinguished them from local Han and non-eight banner Mongols for much of the Qing. 61
Han bannermen like Shou Shan were above non-banner civilian Mongols, Shou Shan had a civilian Mongol wife. https://ebin.pub/harbin-a-cross-cultural-biography-1487506287-9781487506285.html
to induce death. He then ordered his son to shoot him; a subordinate carried out this command.66 By the time the Russians entered the city, the coffin with Shou Shan’s body was being carried south from Qiqihar on its way to Inner Mongolia, the homeland of his Mongol wife.
And the main point of the Mongol legend about the Qing is not about them banning archery altogether, but about the Qing replacing Mongol bows with Manchu bows (which were meant for forest war and hunting and inferior for long range steppe shooting) which did happen. Most Mongols had to use Manchu bows after the Qing conquered the Mongols.
The Qing dynasty won most of its wars with the help of Han banner artillery, which blasted away Li Zicheng's fortresses at Tongguan and blasted southern Ming forts and walls, and Han banner artillery were crucial at the battle of Jao Modo against the Dzungars in the steppe (who themselves mostly deployed muskets and artillery, not bows and arrows). The Dzungars carved out their own empire in Xinjiang and Tibet with muskets and cannon and the Qing countered them with cannon. The Manchu Kangxi emperor was elated after the Han banner artillery destroyed the Dzungars at Jao Modo so he gave one of his own daughters in marriage to the Sun Chengyun, son of Han banner general Sun Sike and Miss Ji (a daughter of Manchu Princess Aohan Gulun/Gurun, daughter of Hongtaiji).
The only effective single use of Manchu archery without other weapons was in Liaodong and Jilin when Nurhaci mounted his defensive warfare at the battle of Sarhu in the forests. The Qing dynasty only won the rest through massive civil wars between the Ming and Mongol infighting with the heavy usage of Han artillerymen and most Qing armies outnumbered Ming ones after Liaodong. The Qing forces were also the same numerically or even outnumbered Ming armies massively in battles after Sarhu.
Nurhaci also handed out his own granddaughter to Ming officers in Liaodong like Li Yongfang who would defect and Hong Taiji would offer the same to later defectors and mutineers who brought over heavy cannon artillery like Shang Kexi in the 1630s.
The Ming collapsed from the combined rebellions of An Bangyan and She Chongming (She-An Rebellion) combined with Li Zicheng's Shun dynasty rebellion and Zhang Xianzhong's Da Xi dynasty rebels which splintered the southern Ming into dozens of warlord factions which began fighting each other in Jiangnan and major warlords began defecting to the Qing.
Qin Liangyu's southwestern Tusi ethnic minority auxiliaries loyal to the southern Ming massacred Manchu archers but they themselves were slaughtered by Han banner artillery who turned their cannon on them. Same with the Tusi troops defending Jiangnan, local Han soldiers defected and massacred them.
The entire naval warfare against Koxinga's family Ming loyalists in the seas were led by Han bannermen like Shi Lang. Shi Lang and his naval experts only defected to the Qing after Koxinga killed Shi Lang's relatives and imprisoned him for disobeying orders. The Qing themselves regarded Manchu bannermen inferior to Russian Cossacks and were forced to call Han bannermen (Koxinga's former ratttan shield troops who surrendered to Shi Lang) to defeat the Russian Cossacks at Albazin. Manchu Bannermen were unable to dislodge the Cossacks and unable to conduct any naval warfare at all while Qing reports said the Han rattan shield bannermen destroyed the Cossacks. Cossacks like Khabarov were devastating Daurs and Evenkis and massacring and raping entire villages of Daur and Tungusic people in the Amur region.
And lastly, the Ming dynasty themselves conquered Manchuria at the height of their power under the Yongle emperor, the Jurchen eunuch Yishiha led a Ming expedition all the way to what is now in Russia and erected the Yongning temple stele in Chinese, Manchu and Mongol. The Aisin Gioro royal family of the Qing were originally under the Ming and appointed by the Ming as headmen of the Jianzhou Jurchens starting with Mentemu (Mongke Temur), 200 years before the Qing dynasty. https://www.manchuarchery.org/manchus
"Their faces are comely, and commonly broad as those of Chinese people; their colour is white, but their nose is not so flat nor their eyes so little as the Chinese have. They speak little, and ride pensively. In the rest of their manners they resemble our Tartars of Europe, though they may be nothing so barbarous. They rejoice to see strangers; they are in no way like the grimness and sourness of the Chinese gravity, and therefore in their first abords they appear more human."
This is how Jesuit missionary father Martino Martini, described the Manchus after he first encountered them during their wars against the Chinese Ming dynasty in the early 17th century. Apparently, father Martino Martini could relate more to these free-spirited warrior people than he could to the strictly confucianist and isolated "Middle Kingdom" mindset of the Chinese literati he had been dealing with.
First of all nearly all of the Qing officers dealing with Jesuits and the Dutch East India company were Han bannermen.
It was also common for multiple westerners to describe various East Asians like Koreans or Ryukyuans as resembling Europeans or "white people" in countenance. Anyone who saw a Korean or Ryukyuan knows they look nothing like white people. https://twitter.com/bbnotbby/status/1648207389600935938
The Suma oriental of Tomé Pires also refers to Okinawan Ryukuans as "white men, well dressed".
And we can also see how much respect western Europeans had for Manchus in 1900, when western European troops participated in mass atrocities including months of rape and torture against the Manchu majority population in Beijing's "Tartar city" during the Boxer rebellion.
Western soldiers raped Manchu girls like the daughters of Yulu and raped the daughters of Eight Banner Mongols like Chongqi, they murdered and executed Manchus in public like Lao She's father, Enhai, Yuxian, and Manchu Zaixun, Prince Zhuang was forced to hang himself.
These are actual portraits of Manchu emperor Nurhaci commissioned by his son, Emperor Hongtaiji, which show him with slit, slanted narrow eyes. https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:%E6%B8%85_%E4%BD%9A%E5%90%8D_%E3%80%8A%E6%B8%85%E5%A4%AA%E7%A5%96%E5%A4%A9%E5%91%BD%E7%9A%87%E5%B8%9D%E6%9C%9D%E6%9C%8D%E5%83%8F%E3%80%8B.jpg https://alchetron.com/cdn/nurhaci-47ecd93c-f344-4de1-8365-eec9d148c32-resize-750.jpg
Hongtaiji's portrait commissioned by himself showing with his slitted eyes. https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:%E6%B8%85_%E4%BD%9A%E5%90%8D_%E3%80%8A%E6%B8%85%E5%A4%AA%E5%AE%97%E5%B4%87%E5%BE%B7%E7%9A%87%E5%B8%9D%E6%9C%9D%E6%9C%8D%E5%83%8F%E3%80%8B.jpg
Also Peter Dekker's "debunking" of a Qing archery band is a straw man argument. The main point of the Mongol legend about Manchus banner Mongol bows is NOT about the Manchus banning Mongols from practicing archery altogether, but about Manchus banning Mongol bows specifically and replacing them with Manchu ones, which IS what happened. Modern Mongols in Outer Mongolia and Inner Mongolia use Manchu bows today and not Mongol ones because of the Qing.
Peter Dekker debunked only his own straw man about the Qing banning Mongols from archery, when the real point is about Qing replacing Mongol bows with Manchu bows and making them extinct. http://web.archive.org/web/*/http://www.mfa.gov.mn/?p=29269&lang=en http://digitalcollections.sit.edu/cgi/viewcontent.cgi?article=1064&context=isp_collection
Manchu soldiers entered gers and broke any bows that they found. After more than 200 years of enforcement, these changes stuck and the ancient art of bow making was nearly lost, along with a majority of archery games and traditions. Modern Mongolian bows, consequently, are derived from the Chinese/Manchu tradition; they are larger and have string bridges.
Also this. https://www.manchuarchery.org/interview-last-manchu-archer
By Peter Dekker, January 23, 2015
Ku Ku: At the time it was dangerous to be a Manchu and I was among the first people who were sent to Mao’s working camps. It was tough. As soon as I saw an opportunity, I fled to Singapore. That was about 30 years ago.
30 years before 2015 1985, long after Mao Zedong died and all his policies ended.
It was far more dangerous to be a Manchu in Beijing in 1900 where tons of western European troops were bayoneting and raping Manchu banner people, the so called "free-spirited" warrior people that Europeans were supposed to relate to.
Han Chinese merchants and pirates inflicted massive defeats on the Dutch East India Company (Liaoluo bay in 1633, Fort Zeelandia in 1662, and a massive rebellion in Java in 1741 by both Chinese and Javanese that almost ended Dutch rule except Madurese collaborators intervened on the Dutch side). Chinese were also known for gunrunning and helping supply weapons to people fighting the Dutch. While Manchus opposed offensives against Dutch East India company (it didn't save Manchus from suffering massive atrocities at the hands of other western Europeans in the Boxer rebellion and it didn't save Manchu bannermen and their families in the first opium war). I don't know why Dekker is invested in spewing false history but these wars with the Dutch East India company could have something to do with it.
According to the Dutch East India company themselves, Han Chinese archers under Koxinga (Zheng Chenggong) wiped out an entire force of Dutch musketmen led by Captain Thomas Pedel and their arrows blotted out the sun in open battle in Taiwan in 1661 (after the capture of Fort Provintia and before the siege of Fort Zeelandia).
The latter courageously marched in rows of twelve men towards the enemy, and when they came near enough, they charged by firing three volleys uniformly. The enemy, not less brave, discharged so great a storm of arrows that they seemed to darken the sky. From both sides some few fell hors de combat, but still the Chinese were not going to run away, as was imagined. The Dutch troops now noticed the separated Chinese squadron which came to surprise them from the rear; and seeing that those in front stubbornly held their ground, it now became a case of sero sapiunt Phryges. They now discovered that they had been too confident of the weakness of the enemy, and had not anticipated such resistance. If they were courageous before the battle (seeking to emulate the actions of Gideon), fear now took the place of their courage, and many of them threw down their rifles without even discharging them at the enemy. Indeed, they took to their heels, with shameful haste, leaving their brave comrades and valiant Captain in the lurch. Pedel, judging that it would be the veriest folly to withstand such overwhelming numbers, wished to close together and retreat in good order, but his soldiers would not listen to him. Fear had the upper-hand, and life was dear to them; each therefore sought to save himself. The Chinese saw the disorder and attacked still more vigorously, cutting down all before them. They gave no quarter, but went on until the Captain with one hundred and eighteen of his army were slain on the field of battle, as a penalty for making light of the enemy. Other misfortunes befell this unhappy company. A large number of the rifles in possession of our troops were left behind. This battle was fought on a sandy plain, from which escape was impossible, and but for the proximity of the pilot-boat, which lay close to the shore, not one would have been left to tell the tale. The fugitives, who had to wade up to their throats in water, were conveyed to Tayouan.
Dekker himself is aware of the European and American sacking and atrocities against Manchus in Beijing in 1900 and of Han archers defeating Dutch forces in Taiwan in 1661, he mentioned some of them on his other website Mandarin Mansion but on the Manchu archery website he pushes blatant lies.
Dekker owns two websites, Mandarin Mansion and Manchu archery.
on Mandarin Mansion he is well aware of western troops committed mass atrocities against Manchus and wrote about the sacking of Beijing in 1900 on a sale about a Manchu sabre https://www.mandarinmansion.com/item/saber-manchu-wu-songlu
on Mandarin Mansion he is also aware that Han rattan shield soldiers decimated Dutch forces in Taiwan in 1661 (which also involved Han archers wiping out an entire force of Dutch musketeers in the field). https://www.mandarinmansion.com/glossary/tengpai-tengpai https://www.mandarinmansion.com/item/chinese-tengpai
on Manchu archery he pretends Manchus are honorary white Aryans and tries to deride Han archery (who wiped out Dutch musketeers) and pretends the Qing supported all Mongols with stipends and gave them privileges over Han (Mongols who didn't belong to the Eight Banners (the majority of all Mongols) were LESS privileged than Han civilians who weren't part of the Eight Banners. Only Eight Banner Mongols had priveleges).
Also another myth, the claim that the communists eradicated archery from Chinese culture- archery was already mass replaced by musketry among Han peasants in the middle of the Qing dynasty, the only two archery shops open were in Beijing and Chengdu supplying Eight Banner garrisons for their ceremonial weapons and military exams, with the majority of Han peasants already having totally abandoned archery. The majority of ethnic minorities in China like the ethnic Miao followed Han in totally abandoning archery for musketry by the 19th century, today ethnic minority Miao in Guizhou are only known for making their muskets and don't know how to make their traditional bows at all.
In Taiwan, every Han village was armed with matchlock muskets but not a single bowyer was found in the late 19th century, and Taiwan was never ruled by communists.
The mass replacement of archery by muskets was already happening to Mongols and the Solon of northeastern China, the Qing Qianlong emperor had to force Solon people to use archery instead of muskets in the 18th century.
That's why archery was defunct among the majority of Han people and ethnic minorities in mainland China and Taiwan in the 1910s except for the two shops in Beijing and Chengdu. Only Taiwan Aboriginals maintained archery alongside muskets while mainland ethnic minorities like Miao dumped their bows for muskets only.
The same thing with Chinese metalworking. Traditional Chinese blacksmithing was largely gutted by cheap western imported steel in the late 19th century and early 20th century when the communist party didn't even exist yet.
During the Great Leap forward, one of the reasons for the poor quality backyard steel was because the majority of Chinese villages had no experience producing steel at the village level for decades due to a flood of cheap western steel long before communist rule, only a few impoverished isolated areas in inland China retained the knowledge and actually made good quality steel during the great leap forward. https://www.jstor.org/stable/43290488 http://donwagner.dk/Fate/Fate.html
The only thing communists did was briefly made the Beijing archery shop shut down but then it was reopened (by the same bowyer who was alive before 1949 so its still a continuous living tradition).
Both Han and Manchus used the same style of short range bow before the Qing, it's just that Han also had other bows as well alongside it, but the Qing popularised the short range design only. Han bowyers and Manchu bowyers then made the same style of bows during the Qing with other bow styles dying out. The Juyuanhao archery shop in Beijing is still the heritage archery of both Manchus and Han people and not only Manchus.
Besides Peter Dekker, his associate Stephen Selby who fashions himself as a historian of archery is also spreading blatant lies (which he gives no citations for) and passing them off as fact. Selby outrageously claimed in the book "Chinese Archery Studies: Theoretic and Historic Approaches to a Martial Discipline" that the Yuan dynasty debarred and banned all Han Chinese from owning weapons and from entering the military and that they killed or deported all Han bowyers.
The Yuan dynasty literally had two entire army groups which recruited Han Chinese, the Han army of northern China and the Newly Submitted army which recruited from southern China. The Mongol empire and Yuan sent Han officers and soldiers to fight across Eurasia with officers like Guo Baoyu and Guo Kan seeing service in Central Asia and the Middle East and Qi Gongzhi fighting against Qaidu for Kublai in Xinjiang, leading Han soldiers. Kublai Khan handed out Korean to to Han Chinese southern Song soldiers who would defect to the Yuan armies and get recruited as the "Newly Submitted Army". https://dokumen.pub/empires-twilight-northeast-asia-under-the-mongols-1nbsped-0674036085-9780674036086.html https://vdoc.pub/documents/empires-twilight-northeast-asia-under-the-mongols-2i7l4ccfsq10
Koryŏ women were inseparable from the popularity of things Korean. The first waves of Koryŏ women into the Mongol empire arrived as captives seized during the bloody fighting of the mid-thirteenth century. These women were variously used as slaves, married to recently surrendered Southern Song soldiers, or distributed as war booty to Mongol warriors. Late in the thirteenth century, Qubilai and other Mongol aristocrats began to demand women from elite Koryŏ families as wives and consorts.
Kublai Khan opened up entire Han military colonies (tuntian) in Xinjiang during his war with Qaidu and in the Amur river region before his war with Nayan.
Selby also falsely refers to the Semu Tammachi army as "mercenaries". They were not mercenaries. They were conscripted into the Mongol empire's army because they were subjects and brought to East Asia from Central Asia just as the Mongols sent Han soldiers to Central Asia and the Middle East.
The Yuan dynasty never banned Han Chinese from military service, and never banned Han from owning weapons or killed or deported all Han bowyers. The only place where these kinds of things are written in are urban legends on internet forums by trolls. Selby gave no citation for his claim. It's literally impossible for a medieval dynasty to ban tens of millions of people from owning weapons, one person may have suggested it but it was never implemented since it would lead to mass revolt since large parts of the Yuan army were Han.
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2023.05.27 04:00 gloomchen Post WWE SmackDown on FOX Discussion - May 26th, 2023!
SmackDown Episode #1240
Venue: Colonial Life Arena (Columbia, SC)
Results of Tonight's Show
|Match ||Stipulation ||Winner |
|Austin Theory vs. Sheamus ||US Championship Title Match ||Austin Theory |
|Raquel Rodriguez & Shotzi vs. Damage CTRL ||Tag Team Match ||Raquel Rodriguez & Shotzi |
|Ashante "Thee" Adonis vs. Cameron Grimes ||Singles Match ||Cameron Grimes |
|LA Knight vs. Rick Boogs ||Singles Match ||LA Knight |
|AJ Styles vs. Karrion Kross ||Singles Match ||AJ Styles |
- We kick off the episode headed straight into FIGHT NIGHT!
- Backstage with the Bloodline. Paul Heyman notes the Usos aren't going to Night of Champions, but they're invited next week to the 1000th day championship celebration. Roman says, especially Jey. Jimmy gets an attitude about Roman's attitude and is going to leave but Roman tells him to sit down. Roman calls him out for trying to big league him and asks Jimmy to go ahead, come at him. Roman whooped him then, Roman will whoop him now - Jimmy will respect and acknowledge him.
- Lots of video packages tonight recapping the lead-up to matches at Night of Champions.
- After Cameron Grimes' win, Baron Corbin ambushed Grimes from behind on the ramp.
- Bianca Belair heads to the ring to talk to the crowd. She's ready to defend her championship against Asuka. But this Asuka isn't the Asuka she used to respect. If she wanted a rematch, all she had to do was ask, but instead she had to mist her during her championship celebration in her hometown. And her hand is still green from getting misted again last week. Now she's not just getting a rematch, she's getting a fight. Asuka's music hits, and then attacks Bianca from behind. She tries locking in an armbar until they're broken up by officials. They break free and Bianca hits Asuka with a KOD although caught by one of the officials.
- Kevin Owens & Sami Zayn are backstage chatting ahead of the KO Show later tonight.
- After winning his match, LA Knight grabs a mic to yell at Street Profits for talking smack about him on commentary. He says their time is coming. They're not gonna get the smoke, they're gonna get smoked.
- Karrion Kross notes that when a man only sees a singular goal, he fails to see everything else. Like AJ Styles preparing to wrestle Seth Rollins at Night of Champions, he should be asking himself what kind of condition he's going to be in after tonight's match.
- We get an Isla Dawn & Alba Fyre vignette, noting they're bringing their NXT Tag Team Championships to all three brands.
- Kayla Braxton stops AJ Styles as he heads backstage after his match, asking him about being ready for Seth Rollins tomorrow at Night of Champions. AJ notes Seth is a lot of things, but he isn't phenomenal.
- MITB qualifying matches next week: Zelina Vega vs. Lacey Evans, Montez Ford vs. LA Knight.
- It's the KO - no, the Kevin & Sami Show. Tomorrow they defend their tag team titles against Solo Sikoa & Roman Reigns, but for now they're tonight's guests. Paul Heyman arrives to say the Tribal Chief doesn't come out when they want the Tribal Chief to come out. The Usos music hits and they march to the ring, saying do they think they're going to forget what was done to them last week? Roman & Solo are the least of their problems. Kevin says they're the ones he wants to talk to anyway. He says Sami still keeps saying they deserve better and he's kinda tired of it but either way, they need to acknowledge Sami has been right about Roman the entire time. KO says Roman is narcissistic & delusional, the "head of the table," but The Usos are the heart of the table. But Roman treats them like they're the appendix of the table. But yet they won't do anything Roman doesn't tell them to do. They went from being the greatest tag team in the history of the WWE to being nothing more than Roman's little errand boys. Jimmy gets on the mic to say damn right they're the greatest, they're the ones, and he's the Tribal Chief. Roman's music hits...
- Roman immediately gets in Jey's face, and Jey dodges eye contact, with Roman knocking the mic out of his hand. He gets in Jimmy's face, and Jimmy too averts his eyes as his mic is knocked out of his hand as well. Sami says, Roman, you know it's over, right? The Bloodline is collapsing and it's all Roman's fault. Roman knocks Sami's mic out of his and and goes to stare him down when Owens hits him with a stunner. It devolves into a melee and Solo Sikoa joins them. Roman spears Sami Zayn as the punctuation mark. The Usos grab the tag team titles; Jey hands his to Solo, but Jimmy hesitates. Jey pulls him aside and goes to take the belts, but Jimmy momentarily won't let go. He eventually does though and Jey hands the set of belts to Roman. The show ends with Roman taking all four belts and holding them in the air, Jey & Solo throwing up the 1s, but Jimmy stews in the corner...
Next week's Smackdown will be live from Wilkes-Barre, PA.
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2023.05.27 03:45 leopardprintcactus The cause and origins of anti-Welsh prejudice in early England and how this manifested in society.
I found some really interesting and informative articles written by historians about the cause of anti- Welsh prejudice in early Saxon England. If you don't want to read the whole post, there's a TLDR and a quote summary.
I've quoted from the various articles and essays and linked the full articles at the end. (As you are probably aware 'Welsh' is the name given by the Saxons to native Britons. The terms 'native Briton' and 'Britons' and 'Welsh' are used interchangeably in the articles, but mean the same thing. The Norman invasion worsened prejudice against the Welsh living in Wales, but their prejudice against the Welsh was rooted in a different motivation.
This refers to the era from when the Saxons first came to Britain and Britons/ Welsh lived in English society up until the 10th century, after which 'Welsh' people were no longer recognised as a separate group in England. TLDR:
- Anti- Briton/ Welsh prejudice in this era was caused by a belief system that justified the Saxons colonising and replacing the Briton/ Welsh population during the 5th century. It included religious elements such as believing the Britons were 'fallen people underserving of their land' and the Anglo- Saxons where 'chosen people' sent as a divine retribution to punish the Britons and to take their land. Essentially the 'Welsh' were demonised and 'othered' in order to justify treating them badly and taking their land, and to elevate the Saxons- '
the British (Welsh) needed to be very evil, perpetrators of terrible sins and devoid of moral scruple, for the English treatment of them to be unproblematic' 1
Summary of the attitudes of the Saxons/ English towards the native Britons/ Welsh. This is taken from an essay written by English historian Dr Debby Banham.
- Briton language and culture was quickly replaced by Saxon language and culture in England.
- Surviving Briton people in England were slaves and were assimilated.
- Laws which valued Saxon/ English life more than a 'Welshman'.
- Negative stereotypes were rife in Anglo Saxon writing, Britons/ Welsh people frequently portrayed as 'dark' in contrast to the Saxons.
- Brittonic/ Welsh language portrayed as 'demonic,' 'gibberish'.
- 'Welsh' went from meaning 'Romanised foreigner' to 'slave' and other uses such as 'inferior' (i.e 'Weala win' meaning inferior wine), 'strange', 'impudent', 'shameless'
- Anglo-Saxonism (a racial superiority belief system that began in the 19th century) was used by some as a way to justify colonising other countries and the treatment of Native American people.
In Anglo-Saxon society, the killing of Britons was less harshly punished than killing Anglo-Saxons, the British had to live under English law, and British ethnic identity was identified with unfree social status, in a world where social inferiors were believed to be literally lower or worse people than their superiors. To summarise Anglo-Saxon attitudes to the British as represented by the documentary and linguistic evidence, it seems that Anglo-Saxon writers could make almost any derogatory generalisation about the Britons, represent them as objects rather than social agents, blame them for their own defeat, and depict their territory as up for grabs. Can Anglo-Saxon attitudes be described as racist?1 Brief history
They believed that one race, their own, was superior to another, the British. They were antagonistic, and their antagonism resulted in, or served to justify, the subordination of the British and their eventual absorption. I have no hesitation in identifying these attitudes as racist.1
I see a continuity in English racism from the Anglo-Saxon landings, through the establishment of English hegemony, up to the present day. Belief in their own superiority has always served the English well in their expansionist aims. They did not need the Empire to make them racist. They could manage it quite well when they had only the British to practise on.1
Anglo- Saxon attitudes: The origins of English racism
Briton tribes lived all over the British isle.
Before and during the Roman occupation, Britain was raided and invaded by several groups including the Irish and the Scots (the Scoti were a tribe from Ireland who colonised the north and created Scotland later on). It's even mentioned in the Declaration of Arbroath
that the Scots had 'thrown out the Britons
and completely destroyed the Picts '(Picts were a tribe living in north Britain).
After the Romans left Britain the island was left undefended and Scots invasions continued to get worse. The Romans had banned weapons so the Britons were not used to warfare.
The Saxons ended up in Britain, there are a few theories of how - one theory is that the Britons hired Saxon mercenaries (which was quite a common thing to do back then) to fight off the Scots invaders, but the Saxon mercenaries turned against the Britons and began raiding the island and encouraged others from the mainland to come to Britain.
Over time, Saxons, Angles (Angleland= England) and Jutes arrived in Britain and warred with the Britons with the intention of taking their land. And the Scots took land too- this is why there are so many Welsh sounding names in Scotland, Yr Hen Ogledd became part of Strathclyde
The Britons/ Welsh gradually lost more and more land and England was established, the land we now call 'Wales' is all they could keep hold of.
There has been a long debate about the fate of the native Britons, and this archeology article
discusses the 2022 DNA study
and what it likely means in terms of 'population replacement' of the native Britons. And would go to explain why Brittonic language and culture was replaced so quickly by Saxon culture. And why the Britons/ Welsh disappeared in England. The Anglo Saxon Chronicle
details the many of the wars between the Saxons and native Britons from the 5th century. And this a more comprehensive list.
It details the actions and attitudes of the Saxons towards the Britons- wars, 'taking towns and wealth', describing the Britons as 'worthless'. Attitudes of the Saxon settlers towards the native Britons. Gildas
was a Romanised Briton monk who lived AD 450/500 – 570 and lived in Ystrad Clud, or where we now call Strathclyde. He wrote about the events leading up to the Saxons coming to Britain. Bede
(AD 672/3 – 735) was an English monk and author and lived in where we would now call Tyne and Wear. He is seen as the 'Father of English history'.
He wrote extensively about the Saxons arrival in Britain in the Ecclesiastical History of the English People.
He also wrote a lot about the Briton people.
He is credited as creating a common identity for the English nation. He believed that the Saxons were justified in colonising Britain and replacing the native Briton population and saw the Saxons as divine retribution for the 'wickedness' of the Briton people.
When the Anglo-Saxons arrived in what was to become England, they no more entered an empty wilderness than did the first Israelis in Palestine, or the first European settlers in America. 1
It is questionable whether they would have been able to use it as effectively if they had believed that the indigenous British had a right to live on their land.1
For Bede, a believer in a loving and forgiving God, the British needed to be very evil, perpetrators of terrible sins and devoid of moral scruple, for the English treatment of them to be unproblematic, let alone a suitable subject for his glorifying narrative. 1
Bede is as far as we know the originator of this idea: he created a common identity for the Germanic settlers, and provided them with a history to be proud of. He defined his 'people' to a large extent by contrast with other groups in Britain.1
But it is the British, with whom the English had most contact, who most consistently act as a foil for them, by lacking precisely those virtues the English are supposed to possess. Where the English are industrious and brave, they are lazy and cowardly; where the English are God-fearing and obedient to Rome, the British, even when Christian, behave like pagans, and obstinately cling to their doctrinal independence. They are incapable of doing anything for themselves except fall into vice.1
For Bede, the function of the British is to be invaded, by the Romans, the Picts and Scots, and finally the English. 1
It was not only legitimate, but necessary to feel and to propagate hatred for the enemy.1
This is from the Anglo Saxon Chronicle
They (the Saxons) described the worthlessness of the Britons, and the richness of the land.
Bede suggests that the status of the English as a chosen people is conditional on the English staying faithful to God. He uses the example of the Britons' fall from grace into heresy to illustrate the penalty of breaking this (unwritten) covenant. Bede situates the chosen people in its very own promised land, an idealised Brittania overflowing with God's gifts. The English initially arrive in Britain as an agent of divine retribution against the Britons, whom Bede represents as a fallen nation and a failed chosen people. The English are represented as the Britons' successors, a 'foreknown' people. Their kings are represented as guardians of a covenant, responsible for protecting the people, not only from military threats but also from apostasy and spiritual decay. 2
Bede's representation of the English as a chosen people is clear from the very beginning of Historia ecclesiastica. Bede begins his history by establishing Brittania as an echo of the promised land of Canaan, and its original inhabitants, the Britons, as unworthy keepers of that land. Following the sixth-century British author Gildas, he represents the Britons as a chosen people gone astray, having fallen into heresy, lethargy and vice. He departs from Gildas by picturing the English not as a mindless barbarian horde, but as the successors to the British. 2
Gildas is often referred to as the British Jeremiah, a prophet crying out against the iniquities of his own people. For Gildas, the Britons failed to maintain their covenantal relationship with their creator, so the blessing of the 'promised land' is threatened with destruction.
Bede takes up Gildas' criticism wholeheartedly. For Bede, the Britons were nothing less than rebels against God:
They cast off Christ's easy yoke and thrust their necks under the burden of drunkenness, hatred, quarrelling, strife, and envy ... [They] could not be awakened from the spiritual death which their sins had brought upon them."
This judgement sets the stage for the arrival of the Saxons as retribution for the Britons' waywardness, "ordained by the will of God so that evil might fall upon those miscreants." 2
Bede saw the English as the new Chosen People. 8
Interestingly, Bede praised the Irish
Bede represents the British as a failed nation; their punishment was to be overthrown and outshone by the invading English, and as Bede elucidates here, they continue (at the time of Historia ecclesiasticals completion) to dwell apart from the true church. The Irish, on the other hand, were chosen as one of the "worthier heralds" who would bring the gospel to the English, and as a result were forgiven for their heterodox ideas about Easter and the tonsure.2 Villainising the Britons for defending themselves against Saxon colonisers
Cadwallon, king of Gwynedd is presented as little short of a monster. His resistance to Edwin of Northumbria, who had conquered his people, is represented as rebellion, and is described as 'more savage than a pagan', 'barbarous in temperament and behaviour'. 1 How the native Britons/ Welsh were portrayed in Anglo Saxon literature
The justification for this is that 'he (Cadwallon) was set upon wiping out the whole English people in Britain'. If this were a true portrayal of Cadwallon's motivation and actions, it would hardly be surprising, but it reads more like a projection onto their victims of the English attitude to the Britons.1
In Felix' Life of Guthlac, St Guthlac
encounters demonic apparitions, and they are portrayed as 'speaking Brittonic' i.e the Welsh language.
In this society, the assimilating Britons may well have been seen as ‘guests from elsewhere’ (while obviously indigenous) in the Anglo-Saxon households or communities that integrated them as people belonging to a different category – socially and ethnically, but also perhaps racially. Indeed, the Britons are treated as racial others in both Felix’s Vita Guthlaci and Guthlac A. As Jeffrey Jerome Cohen argues, ‘Guthlac’s colonization of the demons’ cherished home’ (the Fenlands, much like the home of the Grendelkin) not only ‘re-enacts in miniature the dispossession of that very territory’ by the Germanic tribes settling there in the fifth century. 3
In a chapter entitled in the Old English translation ‘Hu þa deofla on brytisc spræcon’ (How the devils spoke in Brittonic), the Vita Guthlaci narrates that just as the Welsh are invading Mercia from the west during the reign of King Coenred, in the Fens a crowd of demons ‘impersonates a band of British marauders and sets fire to Guthlac’s dwelling, attacking him with spears’. Guthlac chants a psalm and the demon-Britons vanish ‘velut fumus’ (like smoke), potentially a symbolic parallel to the ‘powerful and attractive group fantasy’ of a Mercian ‘manifest destiny’ entitling it to conquer British lands while their inhabitants simply vanished.3
His settlement enacts a fantasy of manifest destiny, displacing the ethnic violence at Mercia's border to an internal space where a triumph can be spectacularly staged over external and internal difference simultaneously. Representing the Britons as banished demons and Guthlac as a man singularly in possession of himself offers a culturally useful fantasy of a male body whose identity is uncomplex, internally imperturbable. Guthlac's stabilitas -- his immobile, granite-like, and unconflicted subjectivity -- embodies everything Anglo-Saxon England in general and eighth century Mercia in particular as potentially corporate identities were not. .4 How the Anglo Saxons racialised the native Britons in literature/ riddles as 'dark' and demonic and animalised
The Britons are clearly racialized in the Anglo-Saxon imaginary, belonging to a system of racial categorization in which several categories intersected: bodily distinction (Britons described repeatedly as sweart [dark]), language (Welsh as demonic speech in Guthlac or as incomprehensible gibberish in Ælfric*), and social status (according to the Laws of Ine and the economic consequences thereof, also evident in the very term wealh and its entire lexical field of derogatory connotations). 3
Nina Rulon-Miller brought to light the constellation in which the few Welsh personae to appear in the Exeter Book riddles are placed – it consists of oxen, the concepts of yoking or fettering, dark skin, and the borderland. For instance, in Riddle 72, an ox tended by a ‘sweart hyrde’ (dark herdsman) – compare the ‘sweart ond saloneb’ (black and dark-faced) servant in Riddle 49 – is ‘bunden under beam’ (bound under yoke) and treads the ‘mearcpaþas Walas’ (the paths on the Welsh march). In Riddle 12, swarthy Welsh men are tightly fettered with ox-leather bonds, and a dark Welsh woman works on an object made of ox-hide. RulonMiller proposes as the most likely solution to Riddle 52 ‘yoke of oxen led by a female slave’, since the riddle subjects are associated with binding as well as with a female Welsh slave or ‘Wale’. The association with oxen is thus quite transparent: both Britons and oxen are perceived in the riddles as servile creatures, physically or socially fettered, even if not all wealhas are slaves. But their description as ‘dark-skinned’, coupled with their association to animality, points to their essential otherness, with the potential of sliding into something that is so different to the ideal audience of the riddles as to be almost inhuman. 3
By the time the Exeter Book riddles were inscribed in their extant forms, when the Welsh kingdoms no longer posed an immediate military threat and the Britons on Anglo-Saxon territories had been integrated as slaves, servants, or brides, this discourse could have developed nto a condescending (rather than outright monsterizing) linkage of the wealhas with animality, bondage, and dark skin. 3
These texts (riddles that depict Britons as 'dark' and with negative traits etc) represent mainstream Anglo-Saxon thought. 1
*(We see attitudes towards the Welsh language as being 'evil' in the Blue Books report- 'It is not easy to over-estimate it's evil effects. It is the language of the Cymri', an anterior to that of the ancient Britons.'
and 'It distorts the truth, favours fraud, and abets perjury') Britons/ Welsh discriminated against in Anglo Saxon law
In the Laws of Ine of Wessex (AD 694,) in the Wergild
system (monetary compensation for injuring or killing someone), 'Welshmen' were clearly defined as being 'lesser' in law, due to the wergild payment for an Anglo Saxon was 2 to 5 times higher than that of a 'Welshman'.
There are some theories on why this discrimination was made-
The imbalance in wergelds between the two groups may hold within it the very key to the disappearance of the Britons. The wergeld provided the basic honour price for an individual and represented the compensation that would be paid to his kin on his death. Other legal compensations, for injury to self or property, however defined, were computed as a proportion of one’s wergeld. The long term effects of Britons being valued at about half the wergeld of their English counterparts was that, in the normal course of things, large amounts of property would gradually pass from the British community to the English. 5
If, for example, a hypothetical English and British nobleman each owning five hides of land got into a series of disputes with one another and were dealt with fairly by the courts, sometimes giving judgement in favour of the one and sometimes of the other, then all compensations paid by the Briton to the Englishman would be twice the value of those paid to him by his opponent. The end result would be that the property and finally the land would pass to the Englishman. 5
The early Anglo-Saxon laws give some indication of the circumstances under which the British lived in Anglo-Saxon society. The law-code of Ine of Wessex, originating in the late seventh century, but preserved as an appendix to the ninth-century Laws of Alfred, gives three levels of wergild (compensation for killing a family member) for free Welshmen, all lower than the wergild of a West Saxon peasant 1
It has also been pointed out that differential scales of wergild were a common method of reinforcing the balance of power between conquered and conquering peoples throughout medieval Europe 1
it would have been an important means of cultural assimilation: successful Britons 'became' English, while remaining British was a sign of failure to prosper.1
The inferior social position of the free Wealh is further shown in Ine's Laws, where a man charged with stealing or harbouring stolen cattle had to produce an oath of sixty hides if he were accused by a Wealh, whereas if the accuser were English the oath required was doubled. 9 The usage of 'Welsh' and derogatory associations
'Welsh' originally meant 'Romanised foreigner'. But the meaning changed over time to mean 'slave' and other derogatory association.
Britons were often slaves in Anglo Saxon society to the point that 'Welsh' also meant 'slave'.
The derogatory connotations attached to wealh or the adjective wilisc are plentifully attested, from ‘shameful person’ to ‘bad servant’, while Ælfric equates weala win with crudum uinum (rough, inferior wine) and has a sinner speak wealode mid wordum (‘strangely’, ‘impudently’). These associations survive in present-day British slang words such as ‘to welsh’ (to cheat) and ‘welsher’ (an untrustworthy person). As Ryan Craig and Victoria Davis demonstrate, such discursive practices are not divorced from material realities and are often used to reinforce and sustain material inequity by creating ‘a reality in which it is reasonable for a few to control and to possess the material at the sacrifice of the well-being of others’. 3
That it has given us modern English 'Welsh' shows, however, that a parallel ethnic meaning continued in use. This dual meaning must have arisen in an intermediate period, in which 'Briton' and 'slave' were for practical purposes identical. 1
In the tenth century, the writer of the West Saxon gospels used weala to translate the Latin seruus in the parable of the good and evil servants.This seruus was not of British descent, so the Old English word must mean simply 'slave'.1
Between these two stages must have been a period when more or less all Britons were slaves. 1
The verbal and adjectival forms derived from wealh reveal further extensions of its meanings and connotations. AEfric uses the verb with the meaning "to be bold, impudent, wanton":
"He cwae bat he nolde and wealode mid wordum "
He said that he would not and was insolent in his speech". Clearly related to this meaning is' walana.' translating Aldhelm's protervorum "shameless people" in the Old English gloss of unknown date contained in a tenth-century manuscript, and wealh "wanton" in 'Ic eom ondetta 6aet ic onfeng on minne mud wealworda' in a tenth-century fragment from a Latin liber poenitentialis. Finally, in the eleventh-century glossary which seems to have been compiled from a number of glossed manuscripts, the Latin barbarus, which has the sense "foreign, uncultivated or ignorant" and in the thirteenth century meant "barbarian", is glossed by walch siue ungerad. Ungerad usually has the sense "rude, unskilled, foolish, ignorant", so again the more negative aspects of wealh are stressed. 9
The derogatory connotations of wealh spill over onto its derivative fonns. In his sermon for Ash Wednesday, Aelfric uses the verb wealian to mean "to be impudent, bold, or wanton": he cwatJ pat he no/de and wealode mid wordum, I and sade pat he wolde his wifes brucan I on pam unalyfedum timan 10 Analysing how Anglo Saxon texts contained ideas that normalised the justification for colonising other countries
The ideas that enable later colonial expansion are already present in Anglo-Saxon texts, in both the Anglo-Latin original and the Old English translation and adaptations.
Post-colonial criticism attends to power relationships and knowledge imbalances between colonizers and colonized. Post-colonial theory usually focuses on modern empires, on colonies or former colonies, and their subjects, on the notion of the ‘other,’ on who speaks on whose behalf. But it can also help to understand what happened when Angles and Saxons invaded Britain in the years following the Roman withdrawal and supplanted the native Britons in positions of influence and power. The Lives of Guthlac present that overthrow, as well as the subsequent battles between the ‘englisc,’ and the Welsh and Britons who continued to occupy the margins of Britain in Wales in the west as well as in the fens in the east, as legitimate, and in fact as being in no need of any justification.
Attending to the ways in which a text like the Life of Guthlac normalizes and naturalizes conquest and power imbalances illuminates the development of a world-view that enables later colonizing operations to be undertaken as if it were legitimate for the English to subdue the Irish and, later, the inhabitants of North America, China, India, and Africa. 6
There is abundant evidence in early English culture, in this case its literature, to show that the foundations of British racism, colonialism, and imperialism underpin Western approaches to both other humans and the environment. 7
The way in which early Anglo-Saxon authors envisioned history can be viewed as an important ideological model for the later American concept of historical identity. It is only by looking closely at early nationalist movements—through the ecclesiastical and secular, the myths and histories, and the conflation of both—can the level of British, or English, influence on America’s myth of Anglo-Saxonism be properly understood. 8
Hope this is of some interest!
I would suggest reading the articles and essays I have linked to below. They are really interesting.
1.Anglo- Saxon attitudes: The origins of English racism
2.'The people whom he foreknew': the English as a chosen people in Bede's Historia ecclesiastica
The “dark Welsh”: Color, race, and alterity in the matter of medieval Wales Bede and the beginnings of English racism https://www.washingtonpost.com/outlook/2021/04/26/us-praise-anglo-saxon-heritage-has-always-been-about-white-supremacy/ Race and Manifest Destiny: The Origins of American Racial Anglo-Saxonism
- Anglo Saxon Literary Landscapes
- The semantic development of Old English 'wealh'
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2023.05.27 02:53 SojournerDusk Searching for Pub serving PA Dutch Pot Pie in the Berks County area.
My niece has a birthday coming up, and she’s requested to celebrate at a pub with a decent wine selection and PA Dutch style pot pie (if possible).
She lives in Reading, so I’m looking for suggestions that fit both above criteria around the Reading / Lancaster / Robesonia / Pottstown areas. I tend to avoid ABE just because of the 222 traffic, but will reconsider for a somewhere worthwhile.
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2023.05.26 23:28 leanmeanfrizzybean Paul, regarding your last instagram story...
Paul I really hope you're reading this because you need to understand something.
If what you're saying is true and nothing happened, you've got the right to defend yourself properly, but please listen back to what you posted and understand how horrible that is to hear as someone who HAS been through it and likely heard those things in a different tone. Because as someone who was unfortunately groomed (beginning at 16 and ending at 18) and has lived with a lot of negative inner feelings because of it I can tell you it really made me uncomfortable and for the first time in several years I have cried about my situation after working so hard to overcome it because it felt like I was back in that time.
Do you know what my abuser said to me?
"Tell people, nobody will believe you."
This was followed by him gaslighting me, saying why would he have hurt me intentionally? Why would we have been friends for so long if he was so bad? If I was so scared of him why did I still meet up with him at a pub a week later? Why would someone who has a child be into children? Did I not think his friends would know if he was a creep? How can it be rape if I wasn't resisting or saying no? Why would I stay at his house after if I felt so disgusting and used afterwards? How am I going to respond when the police grill me with these questions? Don't I realise they are going to laugh me out of the station at how ridiculous the situation looks? And so on.
Your story not only will cause suffering to people who have been through this, including possibly the few people who for some bizarre reason genuinely follow you because they actually like you, but it also makes you look guilty. It makes you look like the people who hurt us, blamed us and made us believe we didn't have any chance of our story being heard, let alone believed.
There is hardly any justice for victims of rape, abuse or grooming, and your story is just one small piece in the societal puzzle of why that's so.
Even if you remove it, reword it and repost it, that would be a million times better than the current version. I really hope for the sake of any woman, or even man (or boy) in your life who lives in this world and unfortunately has every chance of one day being in a situation where they fear reporting their attack because there isn't sufficient evidence, you can let go of your ego for 5 minutes and think about this seriously.
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2023.05.26 22:38 lizzy1476 WAMC/School list help (3.88/3.81, 509) ORM
Hi guys! Really WAMC this app season, cuz I feel like it can go either way for me this cycles. If you guys could also help cut down some schools on my school list, or add really necessary ones to this that would be great.
I think my mcat is going to shut off a few doors so I'm aware of that and trying to work with that.
cgpa: 3.88 AMCAS sgpa: 3.81 AACOMAS sgpa 3.80
First mcat 503 (126/124/127/126), Recent mcat 509 (126, 126, 127, 130) State of residence: VA ORM Undergraduate institution: Large state uni at Pa
Clinical Experience Nursing Assistant (casual job, since Feb 2022) - 430 hours Volunteer scribing at a free clinic during the summers (since 2022) - 60 hours (anticipating 100 more at least)
Nonclinical volunteering -Service club at uni, serving the local community (since 2019)- 250 hours -Volunteering at the hospital, non-clinical (since 2021) (120 hours)
-Volunteering at a previous hospital in VA (2018-2021) (80 hours) -Volunteering in a nonprofit organization as a mentor (since 2021) - 250 hours (anticiapting 150 more at least)
Shadowing - 115 hrs Anesthesiology - 30 hours Surgical Oncology - 40 hours Rare Disorders Neurology Clinic - 25 hours Outpatient Care Free Clinic - 10 hours Pediatrics - 10 hours
Research Experience Research lab (since 2020) 850 hours (Wrote a senior thesis, PI wrote rec letter, no pubs tho) Summer Internship 200 hours (wrote an abstract for the program's journal, not really a pub) Psychology lab- 150 hours Postbac at NIH will be working full time in a lab for the next year (projecting at least 2000 hours)
Leadership + EC activities Teaching Assistant (4 semesters) - 360 hours (Paid) Teaching Assistant for a research+robotics program (July 2021) - 100 hours Student Government (July 2021 to January 2022) - 120 hours
Relevant Honors or Awards Dean's List Honors College Research Award Cofounded a service-based organization- 300 hours (2021- ongoing)
Planning on applying to 30 MD schools and to a few DO
WAMC esp with the low MCAT, I also don't know if any of my ECs are like extraordinary enough to make up for it either.
School list (would love input on this too, esp on which ones I should take out cuz I have too much on my msar list rn, and idk if I qualify to apply to many of these. And would appreciate advice on which ones I should def include if I'm missing any)
-EVMS -VCU -VTech -Albany -GWU -NEOMED -Tufts -Penn State -Toledo (applied to their medstart program earlier so applying again) -Geisinger -Temple -Tulane -SLU -Loyola Stritch
-Creighton -UNMC -Kansas (not sure if it's oos-friendly) -Kentucky (^^^) -Louisville (^^^) -MSU (^^^, heard it's not oos-friendly, but stats fit so idk) -CMU (^^^, kinda still want to apply tho but realize it might be dumb) -Kirk (^^^) -MUSC & USC - Columbia (both def oos unfriendly right) -Wake Forest -Vermont -Florida International University (Wertheim) -Drexel -UMN -UWash -Quinnipiac -Indiana -UCONN -MCW -UWSMPH -UCLA/Drew Medical Education Program -WVU -NYU long island (a reach def) -TCU - (not sure if oos friendly) -Texas A&M -NOVA - (is it kinda too reach) -Carle Illinois (not much connection to cs in college coursework (did in hs tho), but i just really like robotics and continued a few robotics/programming activities outside of college, so idk if that fits) -UND -Arizona - Tucson -Rosalind Franklin -UAB -Sydney Kimmel -Morehouse (HBCU, idk if i should apply for the stats tho) -Meharry (^^^) -Howard (HBCU, in dc tho, which I live next to) -UCLA -Boonshoft -Wayne State -OUWB -UMD -Cooper (idk if it's oos frienndly) -Rutgers (RWJ) (again idk if it's oos friendly) -SUNY Downstate -SUNY Upstate -Buffalo -Pitt (I know but just cuz)
LORS: 2 science, 1 humanities (have 1 more but idk the point in submitting 2), 1 work boss, 1 volunteer coordinator, 1 research PI, 1 physician that I shadowed (idk if i should use this letter for MD schools (will for DO tho), I think she wrote a rather general letter).
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